Impact Of U.S. Foreign Policy In Middle East Essay
Impact Of U.S. Foreign Policy In Middle East
The continuing saga of Middle East manifest from the biblical exegesis on the life of Israelites’ struggle in search for the promise land. The struggle from Egypt fleeing on foot and crossing the Red Sea has long been withdrawn from the crusade of Moses.
The exploration of Men from the Christian world has not only found the beauty of Arabian nights, the wonders of Pyramid in Egypt and anthropological finding on the wealth of the Pharaoh but the richness of Middle East resources in oil wells and gold.
A few among men found Middle East in search of destiny from its aboriginal concepts to the foundation of Islam. The transformation of Middle East to the life of the world is carried out by the insatiable desire of men to capture the once pristine and innocent Muslim world.
Today, Middle East surpasses from the annals of time where the dryness of desert is dumped with bloodbath; the fate of the Middle Eastern people is laid from the palm of the explorer.
Shooting Birds with One Stone: The US in Iran-Iraq Conflict
The holocaust of Iran-Iraq war is described as one of pandemic mass slaughtering in the 20th century history of Middle East with human casualty toll estimated figures of about 1 to 2 million. It was not only the loss of lives but of financial cost of war that is attributed to being a substantial health budget of poor countries in South East Asia.
Iraq invaded Iran on September 22nd 1980. In which earlier before on that fateful date, similar local rebellion occurred that sparked the invasion. Two years later, Iranian civilian populace resistance enabled the fight and causing Iraqi’s withdrawal. A twist of fate has changed the offensive positioning of Iran but defeated by Iraq’s modernized weapons. The Iran-Iraq war lasted for eight years from 1980 to 1988.
The defection of Iraq to the Communist Russian Soviet has pledged the supplying of weaponry and financial aids relatively to purchase modernized weapons from France. Meanwhile, the United States covertly provided weaponry to Iran through the facilitation of Israel. The reasons behind the covert activity of US were due to the cold war conflict with Soviet Union. In which case, the US was likened to shooting two birds with one stone—overcoming two enemies with a single shot of sling—without direct participation in the battlefield.
Utilizing the US-Israel diplomatic ties, access to intelligence information were secretly supplied to Iran by the CIA, to overwhelm the fallacy of possible direct aggression of Soviet troops, to mislead Iran from its defensive strategies and rely dependency to US (Shalom, S.R., 2005). By providing the so-called open source information, the CIA purposely makes the cover of plans to position with Iran at the time of winning the war. Likewise, a disintegrating information reached Moscow for a possible direct participation of US. The information was passed to demoralize and disintegrate Iraqi’s offensive-defensive position.
From the point of view of Iran-Iraq war, the US gained strategic collaboration with Israel and somehow sympathy of compliment from Iranian ruler Ayatollah Khomeini having supplied with armaments. The US ploy for being diplomatic and yet covertly supporting the war has earned an advantage in the Arabian and Persian oil consortium. Liberalized oil exportation favored the US benefits. The Iraqi ruler Saddam Hussein was taken out from the picture of economic and diplomatic ties between the US, the Arabs, Persians and Israelites. What has left with Saddam was the blunt and contemplative Libyan ruler Khadafy.
The US clandestine activities in the Iran-Iraq conflict is perceived by political analysts, military historians and economist as having been brought about by protecting interest to oil resources in the Gulf and preempting the Soviet Union’s armament support to Iraq. Motivated by the similar interest, US continuously enhanced its diplomatic ties with Saudi Arabia as a preferential option in the impact of Iran-Iraq war to the rest of Middle Eastern countries. In which case, the US government has utilized the CIA to examine the scenario of rippling effect of Iran-Iraq war and furthering the military and economic aid to Saudi Arabia in accord of protecting the Gulf.
Predicted War: Achievement and Idolatry
Indeed, the US has enabled to predict the forthcoming turmoil when the Gulf war broke out in 1990. The Operation Desert Storm has propelled a more strategic US alliance to Saudi Arabia to directly involve at the frontline of defense against the invading Iraqi troops. The presence of US was caught between conflicting Muslim countries and justified by the Soviet instigated Iraqi invasion to Saudi Arabia. The Gulf war was defined as an indirect hostility of superpowers between the US and Soviet Union.
Regardless of the ideological Islamic conflict between Iraq and Saudi Arabia, the US and Soviet Union aggravated the situation. The cost of Gulf war accounted for substantial armament demand and supply from US and Soviet Union. The opportunity of business has proven in the substantial sale of armaments. Added to that, the US has forged a more established economic ties with Saudi Arabia and invested facilities/technologies on oil production.
The end of US-Soviet cold war engages single domination of US in the Gulf. The achievements of US Pentagon’s Operation Desert Storm resulted isolation of Iraq from Islamic allies of US. However, as the US allied governments in Middle East restructure its international diplomatic relations to the Christian world, various Islamic opposition hold the vacuum of power. The influence has instigated alliances in support of Islamism doctrines. Diversity in beliefs to Islamism has drawn divisiveness among Muslim sectarian and fundamentalist. The elevated contrast of ideologies in Islamism has emerged secessionism.
The Muslim idolatry in Islam has primarily miscarriage the Oslo Agreement from its conception. The Oslo accord on September 13th 1993 was supposed to bring the future of Israelites and Palestinian people but it was plagued by hunger, political-economic plunder and resistance of Islamic radicals that Israel accounted human carnage of 854 and surviving 5,051 casualties. The inadequacy of Israel to promoting political and monetary indulgence to Palestine broke down the Oslo (Pipes, D., 2003). Likewise, the abortion of Oslo was claimed by the then Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as the inability of Palestinian ruler Yasser Arafat to break the spell of terrorism and yet continue harboring in his regime (Netanyahu, B., 2002).
The effect of aborted Oslo accord enticed Islamic radicals and collaborated with regimes that are enemies of US and its allies. The collaboration of Islamic radicals with Iraqis and Palestinian secessionist trekked down the converging network of al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. In which the plagued of terrorism brought about the 9/11 attack to the US.
Retaliating Effect: The 9/11 US Tragedy
The September 11th 2001 attack to the US was called as unprecedented and described with bursting indignation of US allies against terrorism. The condemnation to the terroristic attack was acted upon by member states of the United Nations for a call to disarm the belligerent countries and regimes with weapons of mass destruction. Among are Iraq and North Korea in focal point of investigation. The US claimed lately that it found out Iraq conspired with the terroristic handiwork of al-Qaeda. More so, US have known its enemy way back from its role in the Iran-Iraq war. And, the result of intelligence gathering on Iraq aid to al-Qaeda.
The synthesis on the cobweb of US presence to conflicts in Middle East has met the retaliating effect as attributed in the 9/11 tragedy. As the attack was described as cowardice in character, it cannot deny the consideration for a retaliatory factor that instigated the 9/11 tragedy. In contrast, Iraq did not plunge into strategic position which obviously constructed the conspiracy theory of US and its allies in the United Nations. In addition to the theory, it was even more concluded that Iraq was in possession of lethal armament which ruled out by the UN Security Council to be disarmed and eradicated.
In 2003, pursuing Baghdad in Iraq lightened the city with bombardment and advancing US military troops. The short-lived US invasion to Iraq and consequently capturing Saddam Hussein has shown relevance to the dominion of US. The bringing to international court of Justice and prosecution of Saddam relive the Iraqi people to restoring the democracy and government. It was not for US to directing the role of Iraqis in restructuring their way of life but to promulgate socio-political-economic diplomatic ties and exploration of Iraq resources.
What transpired over the extremely pressuring presence of US in the Middle East, with its counter-terrorism agenda, the façade of human carnage and uncertainty that stem from the indigenous war of Muslim in its Islam faith, is a continuing impact of US in Middle East with the excesses of its foreign policy for wealth and power domination.
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CRS Report for Congress (2007). US Foreign Aid to Israel. Retrieved January 17, 2008 from www.state.gov
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National Intelligence Council (2004). Mapping the Global Future. Retrieved January 17, 2008 from www.cia.gov
Netanyahu, B. (2002). Concordia: The Speech that Rioting Cancelled. Retrieved January 17, 2008 from www.israelinews.com
Pipes, D. (2003). Why Oslo’s Hopes Turned to Dust. New York Post. Retrieved January 17, 2008 from www.danielpipes.org.
Shalom, S.R. (2005). The United States and the Iran-Iraq War. Retrieved January 18, 2008 from www.zmag.org.