Impact of the Industrial Revolution Essay
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Modern humans appeared nearly 315,000 years ago. From that time, they shaped the environment; they changed how nature worked. Since the change was in their favor, human population kept increasing. It reached a billion in 1800. After 130 years, human population was nearly two billion. It only took 30 years to achieve the third billion, and 15 years to achieve the forth. Today, according to Britannica, the human population is emerging to 7.6 billion, 7 times larger after 200 years. The human generation had never seen such an increase rate before, and our cities weren’t built for that much people.
Everything has a capacity. That includes our cities, too. With the population boom, cities started to run over their capacities. It resulted in a negative way and created a new word, which we see a lot in these days. It is called “irregular urbanization.” Which is basically the unplanned urban sprawl in world’s megacities.
One of the biggest effects of irregular urbanization is traffic, for sure. It’s something that everybody is complaining about. For example in İstanbul, people usually spend 5 days stuck in the traffic each year, as claimed by The Independent. With the new buildings of the city and the roads that are not carefully constructed, the problem is getting bigger and bigger. The roads, that were built 5 years ago, can’t manage the traffic in İstanbul today. Also, the new improvements to the city are not as effective as it should be. Besides, they indicate a new problem that we are facing.
While building new roads, bridges, or tunnels, the ecosystem is also harmed. Over 2.7 million trees were cut down while building the third bridge and the North Marmara Highway, as claimed by the Hürriyet Daily News. The necessity of those improvements is still an ongoing conflict. To help out with the traffic problem, there was a need for something new, but the carelessly planned projects created the environment issue. Also, the new slums built outside the city, resulted in a massive deforestation, leaving İstanbul as a dark and concrete city.
Before the high migration from Anatolia to İstanbul, the city was able to collect all the garbage from streets. Nowadays, the newly populated areas lack garbage, health, and police services, making it the less desirable places in the world. Traffic prevents the garbage trucks from arriving the neighbor-hood on time, also with deforestation, the city breaths smoke coming out of stoves. With new additions to population, the lack of planning makes the soil, the water, and the air deadlier day by day.
All of the examples above are from a city in Turkey, İstanbul. However, that doesn’t mean that the problem is just limited to a country. As we consider the biggest problems in the world, such as pollution, traffic, or deforestation, we see a common source, “irregular urbanization”. We, as a world, need a practical solution to this problem. If we detect the causes of uncontrolled urban sprawl and consider them as we are planning the urbanization, we can finally prevent humans from destroying the world, their crowded playground.