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Smoking in men and women with type 2 diabetes: A qualitative gender-sensitive exploration of barriers to smoking cessation among people with type 2 diabetes.
This article discusses the dangers to those with type 2 diabetes that come from smoking and factors that cause a hindrance or fully prohibit type 2 diabetes patients from quitting. Regardless of the information proving these dangers, there are still many people with type 2 diabetes who continue to smoke. The information in this study is meant to discuss the reasons these individuals continue to smoke and the types of obstacles that may stand in their way of quitting smoking or that may help them quit smoking.
It is also meant to explore the concept that living with diabetes and gender may play a role in how difficult it is for those with type 2 diabetes to quit smoking.
The article is a report of an explorative qualitative study done based on research gathered after interviewing a number of people who either continue to smoke or used to smoke while living with type 2 diabetes. Interviews were conducted in order to gather information about each participants’ specific habits and relationships with tobacco and smoking before a set of more focused interviews was organized in order to gain more information.
The target audience for this article is individuals in their mid to late forties who live with type 2 diabetes and smoke regularly. It is informative because they may be unaware of the consequences that come from smoking, how it affects their condition, and also the medications that are intended to treat them.
For example, continued tobacco use can cause changes in blood sugar levels that may require more or less insulin than usual.
The information was relatively easy to understand as it was explained and described clearly. For those not entirely familiar with the specifics of diabetes there were some points that were slightly more confusing than others, but ultimately the study was relatively easy to comprehend and very informative. It provided much new information that I would not have known otherwise and that I had not previously considered.
One interesting fact that I learned in my reading was about how much habit factors into the difficulty that comes with quitting smoking. Certain times of day or activities become hard to get through without having the cigarette that usually goes along with them. Half of participants both men and women, mentioned that refraining from smoking after lunch or dinner was the most difficult part of an attempt to quit or reduce smoking (Georges, Galbatti & Claire, 2019). I also found it interesting to see the differences in awareness and patterns between men and women. For example women were more aware of their surroundings in general when smoking whereas men were more aware of things on a more personal level (Georges et al., 2019). “Women tend to pay greater attention to avoiding smoking in front of non-smokers than men. However, certain men showed more concern if smoking increased health problems for their partner, for example an asthmatic partner.” (Georges et al., 2019, p.9). One of the most interesting facts that I discovered in the article was the idea that both males and females felt having a grandchild would motivate them to stop smoking. The birth of a new family member influenced both males and females to quit in order to reach a level of better health that allowed them to be active in the child’s life. There were many differences between genders throughout this study and it was interesting to see a common ground here.
I believe that I could use the information found in this study in my clinical practice. I will come across a great deal of different patients and it is important to have a wealth of information for any situation. If I should have a patient with type two diabetes who struggles with smoking, I will be better equipped to help them find ways of quitting and also able to understand their specific needs and difficulties more acutely. I will also have a better idea of what types of questions to ask them and things to look out for as they continue treatment, because some of the things that I have learned from this study. I would recommend this article to other students because I believe this information could be helpful to them as well.
This article was evidence based and the information was gathered after a series of ten interviews was conducted with the participants. A series of more focused interviews was then conducted in order to compare and contrast findings. Participants were either still smokers or had been smokers in the past and had all been diagnosed with type two diabetes within the last nine years. On average they were fifty nine years old and both men and women were included in the study.
After reading this study, it did inspire me to want to learn more regarding this topic because it mentioned many factors that I was previously unaware of. It was interesting to learn that while most participants knew the general dangers of smoking, not many knew about the effects and connections between diabetes and tobacco use. Myself and many others probably know the major dangers that come from tobacco use but it is eye opening to consider the effects it can have on people with other underlying health conditions.
Ultimately this study was about smoking while living with type two diabetes and the differences between males and females when it comes to quitting smoking in these situations. Daily routines, social encounters and influences, self-image and other stressors all contribute to the struggles of quitting smoking for each gender. No cure or solution to quitting was learned from the study, most likely because although each participant had type two diabetes, they all were living under different conditions with different motivations and stressors in their lives. Although no specific solution was obtained, the study was still very useful and informative for both those with type two diabetes and those without.
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