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Children raised in impoverish situation are presented with a stresses that consequently effects, and interferes with successful development. Youth brought-up in low-income housing are more susceptible to malnourishment, lack of proper education, social issues, and difficulty achieving tasks and/or goals, both long-term and short-term. This research topic will discuss various underlying problems that cause and effect poverty, such as: how poverty is defined, the leading causes of poverty, how poverty affects childhood development, poverty in families, and what can be done to put an end to it.
Defining poverty has remained a controversial matter; should it be considered an issue financially, or a lack of social standing? Economically poverty is determined on a scale, by measure, to achieve the absolute poverty line. The calculations from these measurements, are used to determine the expenditures per dietary standards, and there on used to provide an allotted allowance for food and necessities. Public opinion categorized poverty as beginning with merely $20,000 a year to a household of four; lacking the basic means to survive and determining the quality of life someone(s) have.
Impoverished people possess the inability to make choices, because they are unable to control most aspect of their lives.
On the other hand, many have questioned that poverty can be defined in a different way. Some feel that it is not a measure of financial standing, rather, the environment and area in which you live. Is one said to be impoverished if they live in an area with a high crime rate, even if their income exceeds the poverty threshold? Should a person be forced to reside in poverty because minimum wage is not sufficient enough to match or exceed the total income meeting the poverty threshold? Does the need for government assistance determine impoverishment? These vast outlooks on the topic of poverty, give great difficulty in determining it’s true meaning.
Universally, the meaning changes from, country to country, based upon the different cultures. However, all the defining factors of poverty, give the negative impact on all stages of development, but most importantly; the affects on early childhood development.Many questions arise when trying to determine the root cause of poverty. Is it the fault of the impoverished people that they live as they do? Did the poor make bad choices in life at a point that led them down the path of poverty? Does some blame lie with the government? Many feel that impoverishment is mainly caused by inequality. Although, there are numerous reason for the wide spread of poverty world-wide, various reasons include: lack of responsibility, spike in health insurance, shutting down public schools & the condensing of others, struggling economy, debt, poor government assistance, and low minimum wages.
The continual cycle low-income living only seems to grow. Instead of government assistance building up individuals, they wait until families are at a bad enough financial point to offer aide. These benefits generally don’t take into affect until an individual makes under a certain amount of money, or they bare children. It is easier to receive compensation if you are unemployed and with children. The system in continually failing people because if you are single and childless, while attempting to better yourself, the government and other economic providers, tends to give little to no services; examples include: financial aid, earned-income credit, SNAP food stamps, habitat for humanity, unemployment, and many more. Minimum wage in most states of the U.S., still remains at $7.25. If a person works full time every week for a year, before taxes they will only bring home $290 a week and $15,080.
New health insurance policies were said to be created to ensure that every individual would have coverage, However, because it has now become imperative to possess insurances, many health care providers are denying care to patients due to lack of coverage, if they have none, or limited coverage if their plans only cover up to a certain amount.
In many areas, public schools have been shut down to consolidate with others. The claim for most, is that not enough children were attending the school, or the government no longer offers funding. In turn, this leads to student over populations, limited teacher-student relationships, mitigates more academic issues, students are less likely to pay attention, and teachers and more likely to simply pass students along, regardless of GPA.
Poverty naturally deters one from reaching their ultimate goals and destinies. One of the largest problems perceived, is the issue of education and, lack their of. With educational opportunities slim, it applies a discouraging factor early on, for, school is the primary way to make it out of impoverished situations. The denial of proper education affects children the most at a young age; the beginning years of school. School readiness plays a critical role in early childhood development. Children who begin school behind their classmates tend to rarely catch-up. Once a student has begun to fall behind, generally they continue to fall further due to overwhelming confusion from lack of understanding. The affects alone that school have, can lead a person down a bad road at an early age. Lack of understanding can lead to self-esteem issues, being taunted/bullied, potential negative mental state, and many other complexes that lead to social complications. Studies have shown, that children growing up in low-income homes are more likely to drop-out of school. In the U.S., this in turn, leads to jobs that pay $10/hour and lower. In other countries, children have even slimmer possibility of attending school period. Most of these countries lack the basic means to provide for youth due to the overall struggling economy.
Families help children adapt to cultures and socialize. The amount of time and attention a child receives from their caregivers, plays a strong insight into early child development as well. Regretfully, impoverished families generally tend to lack proper parenting skills. Children undergo more scolding and reprimanding, as opposed to, logical knowledge, patience, and appropriate behaviors children would normally receive in a regular income home. The basis of poverty at adulthood is primarily determined by, but not limited to; adolescents that were raised in poverty-stricken homes themselves, high school drop-outs, accumulated debt over time, and drug abuse. Unfortunately, the negative implications that poor lifestyles have upon families, usually reciprocate back to the children, and the cycle repeats itself again. In the fight against poverty, everyone can pitch-in and do their part. The government does play a big role and the lack of assistance is often what leaves families destitute, however, if every person was willing to donate small portions to charities and food banks, we could help rise above poverty and bring the percentages of those impoverished to a smaller proportion. Larger school influences would play a big role. Regardless of location, the curriculum and interest in students should remain the same. The promotion of higher education and constant positive/negative reinforcement, are exactly the extra nudge children need. If they start out ahead, they can finish out ahead.
In conclusion, this research study covered the meaning of poverty, the affects that poverty has on childhood development, the affects on the families, and ways everyone can do their part to impoverishment. Development at a young age, molds youth into the adults they will, in time, be. Poverty still remains one of the largest issues world-wide. In order to promote the best human development, impoverished living needs to be subsides!
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