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Impact of ICT on an Adult in Employment, Including the Effect on Working Style Essay

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Anything people have made could be called technology, but usually people think of advances in using scientific knowledge and applying it to a practical use, like creating photovoltaic cells or wind turbines. Technology interested in examples of a specific technology in use, such as the “internet” or “Decision Support Systems”.

Technology can solve most of our problems and everything which we are using in our live for example: radio, television, computers, internet, mobile phone, and…

These are called technology. We use technology in different places too for example: at home, in offices, business, shops, or so on. Different people give

Different people will give it different meaning depending on their viewpoint and context. The role and impacts of technology in both our personal and lives are ever growing. Technology is about taking action to meet a human need rather than merely understanding the workings of the natural world.

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We can define Technology like this: A body of knowledge used to create tools, develop skills, and extract or collect materials; the application of science (the combination of the scientific method and material) to meet an objective or solve a problems called Technology.

Aim: In this study I am going to tell about the life of John:

John is a engineer and he is 52 years old he has 22 years experience and he is a businessman and he use different technologies for his work and for his life he use the following technologies:

– E – mail

– Mobile Phone

– Laptop Computer

And also I am writing about the life of John which how does the technology affect on his life and how this technology change his life, because John said that 20 years ago I have not any Mobile Phone, e-mail address and Software, which I have now, and he said that since 5 years the technology has changed my life and I can not do my works without these technologies.

E-mail – introduction:

E-mail, short for electronic mail, is a system in which a computer user can exchange messages with other computer users using a communications network. To use e-mail, you must have access to a computer that is linked to the outside world, via a modem, phone line, or fiber optic cable (Ethernet).

Sending e-mail is similar to sending postal mail, with some very important differences:

1. E-mail is thousands of times faster. A message can go from Illinois to Australia in seconds!

2. E-mail is free on campus-there is no “postage” cost to students.

3. E-mail is not as private as a regular letter.

4. E-mail does involve learning how to use computer programs.

5. Also, E-mail requires us to have a “sign-on” to the electronic mail system, and this usually involves having a password, too.

6. E-mail can be sent to many people at the same time, and you can participate in on-going discussions on many subjects at the same time.

7. E-mail can access information and file libraries, we’ll send a message and get a document or pictures back within minutes.

8. E-mail often contains typos and misspellings because it is so easy to produce and send.

How/why he uses E-mail personally?

John uses e-mail to send his report to the company that he is working for at the time and to send or receive photographs over the internet. Sending reports over the internet saves a lot of time and is an easier method of communicating than through the post. Before he got the internet he used the post to send the report to the company. He use the internet to inform his partners, and when he fine an offer he can send an e-mail to all of his colleague to inform those and some times he sent some maps of homes from his own e-mail to other colleague, and also he use e-mail to sent some photos and videos too, and he said: that I am not always use my e-mail to my own work I use my email for enjoying and sending messages for my Childs, wife, friends and to my families too.

What is the advantages/disadvantage of e-mail?

John said that E-mail Advertising, as effective as it is has both advantages and disadvantages. It is useful to be well aware of both sides of the coin as one embarks on the use of e-mail for their marketing and advertising, and he is also that the good news is that the advantages of e-mail advertising are numerous and far outweigh the few disadvantages.

The advantages of e-mail which effect on his life these are in the following:

1. It’s faster. He received email almost immediately after it is send, usually within minutes.

2. It’s more conversational. Because of its immediacy, a whole series of e-mail messages maybe he exchanged within a very short time. As a result, email messages tend to be less formal and they are also usually shorter and more to the point.

3. Because e-mail is so new, he has no hard and fast rules about what may be said in a message. These rules are evolving because of his increased use of email, as well as the advent of new technology that continually affects how he applies it.

And he also said that e-mail does not have just advantages it has disadvantages too, now I am writing about the disadvantages of e-mail which effect on John life:

1. As he has seen, one of the biggest disadvantages of email is the capability for misunderstanding. Email has some other disadvantages as well. It can be used to talk to more than one person at a time, but the means for doing so can be a bit cumbersome. At its core, email is a one to one communication medium. Email requires active participation, and he has to check his email to get messages. If he does not check his email, he will never know that somebody has contacted him.

2. Too much e-mail can lead to management problems with his in-box being overwhelmed by mail.

3. Due to its informal nature it is easy to his to ignore-unlike communication on the telephone or mail.

Which things E-mail contain?

* Inbox: An area in his mail memory that holds received messages that have not been read or processed.

* Drafts: When he saved some documents in his e-mail address, the files and documents which he saved before he can find in Drafts.

* Sent: The mails which he sent this sent item will tell him which files, letters, documents and images he sent.

* Spam: Internet spam is one or more unsolicited messages, sent or posted as part of a larger collection of messages, all having substantially identical content.

* Trash: rubbish and worthless material that is to be disposed of.

* Contacts: All his friends, families, workers and someone else that John knows them he can save all his e-mail address in contact and then can see their emails easily and early when he wants.

* Calendar: We all know about meaning of Calendar, calendar is a system of organizing days for a socially, religious, commercially, or administratively useful purpose.

* Notepad: Some important sentences that John want to save them Notepad is the place that he can save them all their.

If John didn’t have E-mail, how would it affect his job?

John said: if I didn’t have e-mail address then I would lose my business, because I have lots of workers in my business I can see every one and telling all of them about their jobs, so the easiest way for me is that I am sending all of them and receiving the responses of them, and also by using my mail I can sent some maps and places and directions for my workers, and I am informing them, also I am using my mails to sent and receives from my family, and friends too.

Mobile Phone – Introduction:

A Mobile Phone (also known as a Cellular Telephone) is defined as a ‘portable electronic device for the purpose of telecommunications over long distances’. Most current mobile phones actually connect to a cellular network of base stations (the cell sites themselves) which overlap to yield coverage and which also link to the standard landline public switched telephone network. It should be noted that mobile phones are distinct from household cordless telephones which generally operate only within range of a dedicated base station (though the distinction is blurring with mobile phones that can link via Bluetooth to a home internet base station).

It should be noted, however, that the term mobile phone can refer to any type of mobile telephony device and also includes satellite phones and radio phones. Most phones has camera which we can take photos, and record some videos too.

How/why he uses Mobile Phone?

John use mobile phones to be connect with his family, children, and wife and with his friends. And he uses his mobile phone in office and to his business to inform his workers and to be in touch with the peoples which he works. He also uses mobile phone to send videos, photos, messages for every body which he wants. He uses different things that his mobile contain and the following things his mobile phones contain: Messages, Contact, Alarm, Calendar, Fun box, Reminder, Call register, Tones, Profiles, Calculator. He uses Messages to send document and messages for his family, friend, wife and sons. He uses Alarm to wake up morning early for his job. And the calendar which his Mobile Phone contain he known that

what date is today and which day is today. And his mobile phone has reminder to remind him sometimes which he forgot some works.

And some times the times which he filling board he is going to Games which it mobile has and Playing some games, and his mobile phone has internet too that he can go too internet and see his mails and another things which we can do it on internet and he said that I am glad and I am filling too good cause I can solve my lots of problems with using the mobile phone.

What are advantages/disadvantages of mobile phone when he use?

Advantages of using mobile phone:

1. He can take it with him whom he didn’t miss important calls.

2. He doesn’t have telemarketers bugging him at dinner time.

3. If he has car trouble or an accident he can call for emergencies.

4. He can take the pictures of accident or any things else by his mobile phones.

5. If he is finding for somewhere he can call for directions.

6. If he goes to store and wants to buy something he can use his mobile phone for more details or for more information.

7. He can use his mobile phone to see his mails and some sides.

8. With integrated phones and their features, making his life much easier no matter what kind a profession or age a person is.

9. Mobile phone doesn’t have to call, he uses his mobile phone for the following things too: camera, music player, features, emailing, document editor and so on.

Disadvantage of using mobile phone:

1. John said: I had an accident, because when I was derived I talked with my wife.

2. Most of time he missed lots of important calls when he forgot his mobile somewhere.

3. His mobile phone need charges for using it, therefore this is very boring and sad for John to charge it every day.

4. When John has some meeting often his mobile phone disturbs him during his works.

How good is it at fulfilling his personal needs?

John has got a new version of mobile phone called (Nokia N95), which is the most technically advanced smart phone ever! Complete with satellite navigation, a 5 mega pixel camera with auto focus, 3G video calling, with 8 GB chip, that his Nokia N95 contain.

And the following things which his mobile phone includes they are most likely to fulfilling his personal needs.

Some times John is recording with his phone everywhere and anything which he wants and can get images too.

The Nokia N95 has almost everything else he could use them to fulfilling his needs:

* Music Player with support for all common music formats.

* A stereo FM radio.

* Integrated hands free speaker.

* Speaker independent voice dialing.

* Talking ring tones.

* HSDPA (the fast data transfer technology dubbed “3.5G”).

How good is it at fulfilling his social needs?

John use his mobile phone to be always in touch with his friends, workers, families, and businessmen and another ways to develop social and communication called text which he uses most of times.

Texting is particularly important in maintaining contact with a wide social network – allows him to maintain social bonds even when he do not have the time, energy, inclination or budget for calls or visits. Texting re-creates the brief, frequent, spontaneous ‘connections’ with members of our social network that characterized the small communities of pre – industrial times.

And also John hasn’t always thinks about himself but he is helping people too and sometimes he teach some students in universities too for helping and some people calling him to solve their problems, and this is the easiest way for him to talk with lots of people without meets them.

One of the most dangerous of mobile phone is that when he is driving some times he picked up phone and it can cause accident which he did before.

How does John use mobile phone at work?

Often John uses his mobile phone to be in touch with his family, friends he is not using his mobile phone at office, but he has an office phone which is called handheld mobile phone.

And handheld mobile phone is working same like mobile phone but it doesn’t need any chip just he connected his handheld mobile phone on socket which needs electricity and he has three of these.

And this handheld mobile phone is cheaper than mobile phone when he called somewhere and John is saying that he made me too much busy therefore I can’t do my works clearly and with good mind.

He is using his mobile phone at office too, because some times handheld mobile phone is busy, then he uses he mobile phone he wants, and this is the biggest advantages of mobile phone.

John said: when I have bought mobile phone I filled too much comfortable, and my business also day by day increasing and I have got too much money.

Laptop Computer – Introduction:

I am writing a brief introduction about laptop computer and the kind of things which most of laptop computer (note books) contain:

A laptop is a portable personal computer that is of a size that it can sit on our lap. Or we can define it like this: Laptop (or notebook PC) is a portable computer that can be battery or mains powered. They provide flexibility beyond the standard PC but often at a significant price premium.

Laptop and desktop have big different and both of them are mixture words.

Laptop means we sit it on our lap, and desktop means we sit it on desk.

Laptop contains the following major features:

* Keyboard: Keyboard layout is often sacrificed. The home, End, Page- Up and Page Down keys may not be dedicated, requiring that we hold down the Fn key at the same time. This can be very cumbersome if we use these keys a lot. Function keys and cursor keys are often made smaller, and one keyboard feels better than another.

* Screen Resolution: Today, laptops use high-quality active matrix LCD screens. However, the built-in display system also feeds an external monitor for desktop use or a data projector.

* External Display & keyboard Connectors: Connect a full-size CRT and keyboard for home/office. Even if we like our laptop keyboard, we may want to use an external one with our external monitor, so that both units are positioned comfortably. A full-size keyboard can be connected through the external keyboard port or USB port.

* Built-in Pointing Device: Either a touchpad or pointing stick is built into the laptop. There are differences. A regular mouse is always an option and connects via the mouse port or USB port.

* Expansion: Expansion is a little more critical with laptops than with desktops that have extra bus slots and drive bays. However, nowadays laptops all have PC Card (PCMCIA) slots and USB ports, making them very flexible.

* Batteries: Lithium ion batteries do not suffer from the “memory- effect” of older nickel cadmium, and to a slightly lesser extent, nickel metal hydride.

* Multimedia: All laptops today have built-in speakers and generally include an optical drive (CD-RW, DVD-ROM or DVD-RW). DVD drives typically support all CD read and write modes as well. A removable drive offers more flexibility for upgrading later.

* Weight: Seven pounds does not sound like much until we lug it around all day. To reduce poundage. Sub notebooks use external floppy. CD and DVD drives.

One of the first time laptop in 1983, Tandy’s Radio Shack division launched the Model 100 micro Executive Workstation. It weighed only four pounds and included a built-in word processor, name and address list and modem. The Model 100 was inspiration for the huge portable market that followed.

Laptop computers generally cost more than desktop computers with the same capabilities because they are more difficult to design and manufacture. A laptop can effectively be turned into a desktop computer with a docking station, a hardware frame that supplies connections for peripheral input/output devices such as a printer or larger monitor.

Laptop usually comes with displays that use thin-screen technology. The thin film transistor or active matrix screen is brighter and views better at different angles than the STN or dual-scan screen. Laptops use several different approaches for integrating a mouse into the keyboard, including the touch pad, the trackball, and the pointing stick. A serial port also allows a regular mouse is attached. The PC Card is insertable hardware for adding a modem or network interface card to a laptop. CD-ROM and digital versatile disc drives may be built-in or attachable.

How/why he uses laptop computer personally?

After all, today’s laptops have just as much computing power as desktops, without taking up as much space. He can take a laptop on the road with him to do his computing or make presentations. Perhaps he prefers comfortably working on his couch in front of the TV instead of sitting at a desk. A laptop is a full-blown, genuine computer that can do anything a desktop computer can do. John can do programming, word processing, spreadsheets, databases, accounting and multimedia presentations. The portability of laptops allows him to do many things that he cannot do with a desktop. He can write his sales proposal, article or business presentation while traveling on a plane or commuting on the bus or train or subway.

What is Laptop computer’s memory?

Laptops have memory, both RAM and ROM, just like desktops. The laptop’s ROM chip contains the BIOS just as it does in a desktop computer. RAM stores the application software and data files while the computer is on.

RAM differs on a laptop in that it uses a different form facto – that is, the size and shape of the modules that carry the RAM. Manufacturers have to build laptops to be portable (smaller) and to withstand more jostling (durable) than a desktop would ever get, so the memory modules have to be different. While some laptops use a standard Small Outland Dual Inline Memory Module (SODIMM), others use the manufacturer’s proprietary memory modules. Most laptops should have at least 64 MB of RAM to have sufficient memory to run operating systems and applications software. Also, some laptops allow him to upgrade the memory of his computer and come equipped with convenient access panels to plug in additional memory chips.

What is Laptop computer’s Disk Drives?

Like desktop, laptops have various disk drive storage devices. All laptops have an internal hard disk drive, usually 6 to 20 gigabytes (GB). The hard disk drive stores operating systems, application programs and data files.

Although the hard disk drive works the same in a laptop as it does in a desktop, laptops generally have less disk space than desktops and he will have fewer choices for hard disk drives in laptop. The smaller hard disk space is one of the chief limitations of laptops.

What are the advantages of laptop when john uses?

John think when one thinks of laptops there are a few immediate advantages that come to mind. From John readings and personal experience these revolve around some of the following points:

* The flexibility and mobility of laptops increases access time.

* They tend to be lightweight-thus mobile.

* Can easily be moved around the classroom.

* Give you the option of being wireless.

* Being able to have them in class away from a lab setting – time management factor

* Portable on field trips.

* One can get instant access to information (wireless or internet connected laptops)

* Access in class to multiple online resources, search engines, encyclopedias and discussion groups

* Participate in virtual communities.

* Ability to communicate and research at multiple levels.

* Digital brainstorming, outlining and presentations can be generated within classroom walls.

* Note taking, webbing which then can be shared immediately.

* ; Data processing, analysis; incorporating online databases and spreadsheets.

* Student with data processing can immediately check their results and develop immediate in class analysis.

* It works 2 – 3 hours without any electricity.

* It is small and has low density and can everybody bring whit themselves.

* Greater ability to share, communicate and access students files or vice versa teacher assignments.

* Ability to display and demonstrate leaning using a TV monitor or projector in office, or class accessing.

* And our laptops have games too, which in bored time we can play their.

What are the Disadvantages of laptop?

* Laptops are more expensive

* Slower than a desktop

* Difficult to upgrade or repair

* John has to lug it around all day

* Much easier to drop or break

* It can be easily stolen

* If he speed his type the laptop will probably rock on his laptop with his typing which can become quite uncomfortable.

How good is it at fulfilling his personal needs?

John recommends that laptop users carry out prolonged task with their machine set up on a desk, with an external keyboard a mouse attached. This allows them to adopt a much safer posture, rather than the position a laptop forces them into. John said: having a laptop means that I can work just about anywhere, and he also said: “If I go away for the weekend, I can take my work with me, and even do some of it on the train.”

He uses his laptop computer to see connect it with TV and see some movies, songs, BBC and so on.

What is John opinion about laptop using?

John said: The use of laptop or notebook computer is widespread and many people use them regularly as part of the work process.

Where a laptop is used regularly by people as a significant part of their day-to- day work, then these regulations will apply. In many cases employers will use the “one-hour” rule i.e. if a laptop is used continually for one hour or more than the employee will be classified as a user.

There are three main categories of risk associated with laptop use:

1. Equipment design

2. The environment that they are to be used in.

3. Physical demands upon the use.

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