ICT in the Early Years Essay
ICT in the Early Years
“The development of individuals can greatly be attributed to the early years. The formative and early years of life can then be considered as the most critical stage in terms of learning and absorption of the different influences in the environment. Thus, the early years in a child’s development are included in the period wherein the child can absorb different skills” (Merrell, 1999). It is important for the young generation to learn the use of the technology because it will be widely used in the future generation.
“Teaching the student especially during the early stage of development can make the different due to the great capacity for absorbing the lessons taught during the young age” (Brooker, 2003). Aside from using ICT as an effective teaching tool, the students will be able to adapt to the society that will largely utilize ICT in the near future. Based on the observed application of the ICT the society, it can be perceived to occupy a very important role in the future society. The application of the ICT is established in different fields and disciplines.
These include the industries and manufacturing establishments. In the field of education, ICT is perceived to be beneficial specifically in ways of teaching children. The effectiveness of the use of the technology is important to establish a certain point of view for future application in the standardized educational system, especially in teaching the young children. Objectives of the Study To able to focus on the effects of the application of ICT in early years of development of an individual, the main objective of the proposed study is based on the learning process in the early years.
This is to be able to determine the influence and effectiveness of ICT in achieving learning in the crucial years in the development of the children. The objectives of the study will be undertaken through the study of the research conducted by different groups and organizations that are aimed to develop the techniques and test the feasibility of the technology. The information from the published data will be assimilated and become the basis of the study. Literature Review
Based on the preliminary study undertaken on the field of ICT, it can be considered as a young field. This can be related to minimal study that focused on the issues of child learning during the early years. Other applications can be considered extensive but in the field of child learning and teaching process, the idea of applying ICT can be considered as a new one. The research and related concepts either identify with or contradict the advantages of the systems are presently in the initial stage of study and testing.
Certain studies prior to the research exploration present both the advantages and negative effects of the establishments of such interrelated application for the development of the new field. One of the references considered important is the published work of Leask in 2000 which focus on the teaching and learning process through the application of the information and communication technology specifically in the primary school. The study is a cooperative effort to be able to answer essential queries on the issue. One of the presented ideas is the use of ICT instead of other technologies.
The extensiveness of application of the ICT is one of the reasons presented. But another concern is taken into consideration, the application of the technology in the early years which can be considered by some as inappropriate. The study presented different views on the feasibility of the system of application by determining the effects on different fields of education such as the cognitive, artistic and logical facets of learning (Leask, 2000). Although the study is relatively new and unique technique, there are certain noted applications of the system in the international community.
Countries such as Sweden and Finland had already initiated such application of unprecedented action. Although it is a new idea ICT was regarded as an essential technology. In the study of the Swedish early childhood development through ICT, the country can be considered to have full support and even aimed to completely incorporate the system and be the leading nation to implement such application. Even the government initiated a project to provide computer facilities to every educational institution in the country showing support for the technology (Samuelson & Sheridan, 2003).
This country presented the positive outlook of certain groups toward the application of ICT. The Finnish Ministry of Education also allowed the application of the said technology in the childhood and early development learning environments. Although the effects of the technology on the young minds often cause doubts, the main consideration of the application is the need for the students to cope with the evolution of the society and the different influences present in their surroundings that can affect development.
Thus, the ICT application is undertaken to be able to prepare the children to face the challenges of technology and society even at a young age (Kangassalo & Kankaanranta, 2003). In the study of the feasibility of the integration of ICT in the education and development of the students at the early years of life, the most important references are the organizations and establishments that apply and explore the effects through research and development of the technology.
One of the most significant studies is the technical presentation methods provided to the pre-school education, also referred as the EPPE Project. One of the most important initial finding of the study is the significant effect of the learning environment in the development of the children in the crucial stage. Related to the said study is the application of ICT (Sylva, Melhuish, Sammons, Siraj-Blatchford & Taggart, 2004b). Based on the growing field of ICT and its applications the positive reaction of the society can be perceived.
Although there can be doubts on the possible negative effects of the technology to the development of young children, the pubic is willing to study and learn the feasibility of its application in education. Methodology In the proposed study, the significance of the application of ICT in the early years of development of children is the main objective to be determined through the application of a descriptive and qualitative form of study. Study design The study will be undertaken through the gathering of the information derived from published work of contemporary authors prior to the research.
The research will be conducted through the integration of the different references and other available sources. This particular technique can be considered as one of the most important tool to gather information on the feasibility and effects of the application of ICT in educating children especially in the early years of development. The descriptive qualitative research through a library-based data gathering will be undertaken (Hoepfl, 1997). In the course of the proposed study, there are different points of view that are considered.
One is the point of view of the professionals that shall be the judge on the feasibility of application of the study. Another is the view of the parents regarding the effects of the technique that is applied in the learning process (Brooker, 2003). Both are essential to the conclusion of the research process. Subjects The published works that can be included in the study must take into consideration the evaluation of the application of ICT in the educational system and the learning process taking into account the different aspects of development as the main criteria.
In terms of the inclusion and the exclusion criteria, the basis of the study, there are certain standards used. Data gathered on the application of ICT in the educational system shall be included both under study or currently applied. The focus is the primary and the pre-school level which also comprise the age criterion for exclusion and secondary level students are not included in the study. Another important area is a discussion on the programs applied and undertaken by certain groups and organizations on the application of ICT (Birmingham Grid for Learning, 2006).
One of the projects of such institution is the EPPE which is established on the aim for feasibility of the application of the ICT (Sylva, Melhuish, Sammons, Siraj-Blatchford & Taggart, 2004a; 2004b). The exclusion of articles and studies that are published on foreign non-English language is considered in the choice of articles and published references. Data Collection Data shall be collected from libraries, the internet and facilities that are involved in the research. The choice of the data gathered is based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Academic journals and references are the key references to the study.
Data Organization and Analysis Upon the collection of data, the organization phase follows. The data are pooled and the concepts that are gathered are classified, grouped and organized. This phase will enable to promote for a structured, methodical and logical analysis of the data gathered. The results shall reveal the weight of the pros and the cons of the application of ICT in the early years of development of children through the measurement of the behavioral (attitudes and emotional aspect) and the cognitive measures (academic measures). Upon determining these points, analysis is the next phase.
University/College: University of Arkansas System
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 20 April 2017
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