Hydrotherapy or aquatherapy Essay
Hydrotherapy or aquatherapy
INTRODUCTORY NOTE Hydrotherapy also known as hydropathy or aquatherapy is quite an old form of treatment. The Dominican Monk Sebastian Kneipp described aquatherapy in his 1886 book as “My water Cure. ” Scientific knowledge is piling up on the study as more people acquire expertise. The treatment is two phased depending on the disease and or aim it is to achieve: applying both the mechanical and thermal aspects. Hydrotherapy, takes advantage of body the physiological response to temperature change (hot or cold influence).
It exploits the body’s response to continued exposure to heat, the resultant effect of the water pressure and the feeling that water render. Hydrotherapy is used in the treatment of rheumatoid complications, multiple sclerosis, pelvic inflammations, and sciatica (back pains). Its however important to note that aquatherapy has been increasingly used as a way of relaxation of the body, in the form of saunas and steam baths. Advanced systems of aquatherapy are applied in the treatment of the mentally challenged, with a view of achieving relaxation to the tension they might be exposed to.
How hydrotherapy works: Heat reduces the activity of internal organs, hence soothing the body. Cold however is a stimulant that increases the body’s internal activity. The buoyancy effect of the water against the constant pull of gravity relieves the body and is the probable reason behind the function of hot baths. The hydrostatic effect of water is a massage system on the body. As is common in whirlpools, the motion excites the sense receptors of the dermal layer causing increased circulation of body fluids and causes relaxation of tight muscles. CASE STUDY OF THE THORAX COMPLICATIONS.
THE HYPOTHESIS In this thesis we question the relevance of hydrotherapy. Using a model study of the immersion of patients having chest complications we try to prove the lingering question of the significance of hydrotherapy. Is aquatherapy a reliable regime in the treatment of chest complications? MATERIALS AND METHODS Over a period of two years, May 2005 to May 2007, the study focused on 69 individuals who had spinal cord complications. The average age of the patients was 23 and the approximate time of injury was within a span of 8 months as of the date of study.
The control group was 63 individuals with an average age of 29 years subjected to identical parameters. Tests were carried out between two thirty pm and four forty five pm. A calibrated Spiro meter was used everyday before the tests and volumes noted on the flow of fluid. The measures that were acquired, before and 15-20 minutes after immersion of the body to the base of the neck level in aqua therapy fluid temperatures ranging between 320 C to 33. 50 C. 7 minutes after withdrawal of the hydrotherapy fluid another measure was done.
In the two sets of measures and tests patients sat upright in and out the hydrotherapy fluid which was water in this case. The values of distribution were within a normal curve. Both the measures of the patients and the healthier individuals done before and after immersions were paired using the Student t test. The percentage shift in the measures before and after hydrotherapy was compared to the healthier individuals. The whole study was done within the limits of the ethics panel on scientific research. Results
Before the study, restriction of the chest system was approximately 15. 9 percent of the possible range. Values obtained before and after 7 minute of withdrawal of the hydrotherapy fluid in both the healthy individuals and the patients were similar. This limited the study to the values that were obtained before and during the actual exercise of hydrotherapy. During immersion in water, the patient had an improvement in Fast vital capacity by an approximate average of 21. 2. However the average Fast vital capacity of the control group was lower by 11.
2. During application of the hydrotherapy fluid there was significant improvement in the average inspiratory capacity. Patients had a negative value between shift of slow vital capacity during hydrotherapy and the prior to test average, had a confidence level of 95%. Hence there was no visible characteristic between time of recent damage of the chest or disease and changes of slow vital capacity. Analysis For the patients, immersion of the body to the neck level caused an increase in slow vital capacity by 28% above normal measurements.
In the case of healthy individuals, there was a mean reduction of 6%. Among the patients, the greatest percentages of increase after exposure to hydrotherapy fluid with each decrease in prior to immersion vital capacity. The lower value in healthy individuals might be due to the intrachest movement of blood quantity and the chest complication which are a result of hydrostatic forces of water. For healthy and fit individuals there has been noted an increase in the quantity of plasma moving from the lower body ends including the stomach to the chest of about 650 to 700 mL.
Respiration is increased as chest blood quantity takes space and reduces compliance of the pulmonary. Reports show that hemodynamic effects in chest related complications point to an increase in the output of heart function of the same level as that of the healthy individuals. Indication of the volume of the veins and venules show a possible similarity in the change between the patients and the healthy individuals. Advances in the vital levels of the 60 to 69 patients are possibly due to the improved mechanics that may be lacking in individuals who are healthy.
The muscle in the breathing out rhythm and its weakness could cause respiratory dysfunction. When the stomach muscle becomes flaccid, the diaphragm descends and leads to less opposition and this could be the possible reason for inefficiency of the diaphragm. Hydrostatic forces of the water cause the position and shape of the diaphragm to shift to a physically functional level. Hydrostatic pressure causes an upward force through the loose stomach walls. Hydrostatic force causes contraction of diaphragm by raising the stomach wall pressure.
No visible changes in spirometry measures before immersion and after withdrawal of both the patients from the hydrotherapy fluid. From these experiments we deduct an observation that there was no such big effect as a result of these repeated measurements. The immersion of patient was not affected by the severity of the injury. The patients lack the capacity of regulating temperature and they are affected by the ambient temperature. However in the healthy individuals temperature change caused shifts in the heart function.
In addition, the functioning of the body system in normal or healthy individuals did not shift drastically with temperature changes for example it increased narrowly in hot hydrotherapy fluid immersion and decreased narrowly with cold hydrotherapy immersion. The result was the constant need to reduce heart function and pulmonary shift as a product of changes in ambient temperatures. To reduce the possibility of ambient temperature effect and possible factors of stress like tiredness. The duration of immersion was limited to not more than twenty minutes after completion of spirometry.
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 21 April 2017
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