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Human trafficking is something that humans have been fighting dealing with since the beginning. One would think that these were events that used to happen a long time agoback in time, but the sad truth is that they continue keep on happening today , all around the world. Most human trafficking cases happen in on poorer countries, where they tell the poorest people that they have a job opportunity for them, or that they will live a better life, and when they convince them, they use them as slaves or sexual slaves.
One of the countries where this happens constantly is Mauritania.
The majority of the people subjected to slavery practices in Mauritania are children and adults from the Afro-Mauritanian and Black Moor communities. The victims are forced to work without pay. Mauritanian girls and women who are recruited by foreign agencies as domestic workers are often subjected to sex trafficking in the Gulf and Saudi Arabia. Some are forced into marriages by travel agencies and brokers both in the country and in the Middle East.
The Government of Mauritania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking nor and is not making significant efforts to do so; therefore, Mauritania remained in on Tier 3 of human trafficking countries. Despite the lack of significant efforts, the government took some steps to address trafficking. The government convicted three slaveholders; allocated increased funding to the Ministry of Social Affairs, Childhood, and Family (MASEF) to improve shelter and services trafficking victims could access; and Tadamoun, the government agency mandated to address poverty and the “vestiges of slavery,” continued efforts to reduce socio-economic inequality.
(United States Department of State, 2018)
However, authorities penalized trafficking victims, continued to prevent certain anti-slavery activists from operating within the country, and increased harassment of anti-slavery activists. Government agencies charged with combating trafficking and slavery continued to lack the resources, personnel, and political will to prosecute politically-connected offenders, and reports persisted of officials refusing to investigate or prosecute perpetrators. Despite an increase in convictions, there remained a fundamental lack of commitment to combat hereditary slavery and other forms of human trafficking. (United States Department of State, 2018)
The government made some uneven anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts. The 2003 Law Against Trafficking in Persons criminalized sex and labor trafficking, except hereditary slavery, and prescribed penalties of five to ten years imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. The 2015 anti-slavery law criminalized hereditary slavery and prescribed sufficiently stringent penalties of five to twenty years imprisonment. (United States Department of State, 2018)
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