Human Growth & Development Reflection: Procastination

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Being a student in high school, the problem with procrastination is most definitely a very common occurrence. To try to curb this horrible problem you will need to find a study method that works for you and sparks an interest in the material you will be studying. In my case, I have never seemed to have found a effective study method that worked for me and one that had sparked an interest in whatever I may have been studying for. For many years I had studied for tests employing study methods such as highlighting the text, simply reading the material covered by the test, reading all of the information at one time, and the most used among high school and college student but definitely the least effective one, cramming that didn’t do much good and resulted in poor test scores.

Features of Cognitive Development

An infant’s brain begins to grow during the third month of their life (Yunus, Razali, & Jantan, 2011).

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According to Yunus, Razali and Jantan (2011), at this stage, the baby or the infant begins to understand certain words. Similarly, Chaloux (2014) states that “babies are born ready to learn language”, and will be listening to the sounds they hear from the very beginning. And thus, they begin to identify the words most commonly used around them, or within their earshot. However, the infant child will not be able to articulate words – even though they recognize them – until the age of about 18 months (Yunus, Razali, & Jantan, 2011). At this age, he or she will respond to their name, and say a few easy words of his own and follow simple instructions (Chaloux, 2014).

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By the age of two years, they will be able to articulate more than fifty words and will have started to chain some of those words together into simple sentences (Chaloux, 2014). At this point, the child will also be able to use word symbolically (Yunus, Razali, & Jantan, 2011). According to Yunus, Razali and Jantan (2011) when children reach the age of five or six years, “their eyes are ready to read, and their brain are ready to store many words”. At this stage their vocabulary expands by leaps and bounds and they become increasingly more fluent in speech – especially in their native language. Thus, we can state that language and its acquisition is a powerful enhancement tool when it comes to a child’s cognitive development.


At infancy, children consistently demonstrate a natural curiosity to learn more about their environment. It is this curiosity that prompts the unconscious learning process that infants and toddlers undergo (Yunus, Razali, & Jantan, 2011). For instance, as an infant they will crawl towards whichever object in their line of sight interests them the most. They will touch, feel, push, pull, shake and throw objects around in order to explore their environment (Chaloux, 2014). As toddlers this curiosity shows itself in their frequent asking of “Why?”

Features of Social Development

Erikson’s psychosocial development theory states that infants “develop feelings of trust versus mistrust” in the period between birth and the age of one year (Yunus, Razali, & Jantan, 2011). This is, according to Erikson’s theory, the most fundamental stage in a human being’s life (Cherry, Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development, 2014). Because an infant is utterly dependent, the development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child’s caregivers. If a child successfully develops trust, he or she will feel safe and secure in the world. Caregivers who are inconsistent, emotionally unavailable, or rejecting contribute to feelings of mistrust in the children they care for. Failure to develop trust will result in fear and a belief that the world is inconsistent and unpredictable.

The second stage of Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development takes place during early childhood and is focused on children developing a greater sense of personal control. Like Freud, Erikson believed that toilet training was a vital part of this process. However, Erikson’s reasoning was quite different than that of Freud’s. Erikson believe that learning to control one’s bodily functions leads to a feeling of control and a sense of independence. Other important events include gaining more control over food choices, toy preferences, and clothing selection. Children who successfully complete this stage feel secure and confident, while those who do not are left with a sense of inadequacy and self-doubt. Erikson believed that achieving a balance between autonomy and shame and doubt would lead to will, which is the belief that children can act with intention, within reason and limits.

Early childhood is a time of tremendous growth across all areas of development. The dependent newborn grows into a young person who can take care of his or her own body and interact effectively with others. For these reasons, the primary developmental task of this stage is skill development. Physically, between birth and age three a child typically doubles in height and quadruples in weight. Bodily proportions also shift, so that the infant, whose head accounts for almost one-fourth of total body length, becomes a toddler with a more balanced, adult-like appearance.


After learning about how memory works in Human Growth and Development, I was very curious to see how well these new so called “golden” study methods would work for me. I quickly tested out these new study methods for a test that I had been procrastinating for. To my surprise, the Method of Loci which at first had seemed quite silly turned out to work perfectly and helped me achieve a perfect score of one hundred on my test compared to the previous test of the same type which I had received a score of eighty-five. For me to find my study method that worked for me during my sophomore year of high school was a bit late. Even though it may have been a bit late, I definitely believe that my terrible problem with procrastination on important tests may have thankfully found a solution that lasts a great deal of time and hopefully will help me in the future to pursue a career in medicine.

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Human Growth & Development Reflection: Procastination. (2021, May 09). Retrieved from

Human Growth & Development Reflection: Procastination

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