How Waste Effects the Environment

As New York City’s waste is not only ruining the environment, it’s also ruining the Hudson River. Where does all the waste go? How does this impact the world? These questions are connected to our environment because dumping garbage into the ocean is hazardous for all the fishes, and it will eventually overflow on New York City’s land.

This question I asked is important because I believe that our future is in deep danger. Plastic takes a big part of this.

Many fishes choke on plastic straws, and they end up dying. If famous companies like Starbucks were to ban plastic straws, it would help a lot and other companies would have begun to follow this step. 12% of plastic gets burned up into indicators. In New York City only, there are over 8.6 million people living here. Americans waste is around 60 million tons of food only per year. As food is decomposing and rotting, the waste releases a gas called methane, and it ends up going into the atmosphere; thus, making another problem worse, which is climate change/global warming.

This will benefit us because we have to think about both the present and the future generations.

There are a number of ways we can save New York City’s land without it overflowing with pounds of smelling rotten garbage. Most of it does end up in landfills, and the waste doesn’t always get recycled. Did you know that the average person generates up to 4 ½ pounds of waste every day? Yeah, per person.

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The main solution of this situation is that we can turn this waste into energy. Some countries are doing this and one of them is Sweden. They’ve decided to make a change by noticing how their waste was going to be a ‘waste’, so they made it into energy by recycling as much as they can. Organic compounds from waste end up becoming heated at an elevated temperature to be able to create thermal energy. In this process, fossil fuels end up generating from the waste.

Recycling and turning waste into energy is going to be hard to try to persuade some people to do so. Not everyone follows rules, and some people don’t even believe in climate change/global warming either. Some complications are going to be people not wanting to recycle. There is enough evidence that global warming/climate change has been happening for decades. By expanding this message, we must show evidence by sharing videos and documentaries on how badly the world can get if we don’t take recycling seriously.

What I hope to accomplish is more people taking this issue more seriously and spreading the message, as well as the rates of people do believe that waste is triggering climate change/global warming increase and the rates of people believing that are true, goes up.

Unfortunately, even though some stuff is going to landfills or recycling, a majority of our waste ends up spreading itself around the globe, either by being transported by wind, water, or human; by breaking down into smaller (even microscopic) parts, or by degrading the health of the animals, people, and ecosystems on this planet. Did you know that plastic trash has the greatest potential to harm the environment wildlife and humans? It can be transported by rivers into the Ocean, where it moves with the currents, and eventually, harsh chemicals ends up going into their stomach. Throwing rubbish away is essentially a waste of resources, and potentially very damaging to the environment.

Nearly everything we end up doing since the day we are born until the day that we are no longer here in this world impacts our environment and others surroundings. Trash is consisted of everyday items we sometimes use for a short time then throw them away, such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint, and batteries. This can come from anywhere in the world. This comes from our homes, hospitals, and businesses. Industrial or commercial waste is often a significant portion of solid waste, even in small cities and suburbs. Unlike residential waste, this waste is usually collected by private waste management companies.

Proper waste disposal ensures that as much as possible should be sent to landfills, which are very damaging to the environment. It is crucial to make sure that if anything is left over, it should be disposed of in a manner that has the least environmental impact possible, such as safely burning the waste. Garbage and liquid waste that end up in the water negatively change the chemical composition of the water. This is called water pollution, and it affects all the ecosystems in the water, including fish and other animals that drink the polluted water. Hazardous household waste items such as batteries, computer equipment and leftover paints can be particularly dangerous for surface waters.

Liquid waste is dirty water that goes into rivers and into the fishes systems. Solid rubbish is plastic bags, containers, jars, bottles, paper, cardboard, tins and metal, glass and ceramics. Organic waste is food, garden, rotten meat, and dirt. Recyclable rubbish is paper, metals, furniture, and sold items. Hazardous waste rubbish that are flammable, toxic, corrosive and reactive. Landfilling became common in the United States in the 1940s. During the late 1950s it was dominant method for disposing municipal solid waste in the nation. Early landfills had significant problems with a leachate and methane, but those have largely been resolved at facilities built since about the early 1970s.

The United States wastes around 160 billion pounds of food, or nearly 40% of food produced in this country annually. 25% of our freshwater is used to grow food we throw away. What gets tossed out goes into landfills, which releases hazardous methane into an already stressed atmosphere. Making date labels clear and uniform offers a relatively low-cost way to eliminate confusion and save money.

Baldor specialty foods, which supplies restaurants and institutional kitchens is developing a flour made cabbage cores and pepper shoulders. Having become an integral part of twenty-first century life, many people use plastic with only scant consideration or how its use impacts society and the environment. Scientists, lawmakers, and activists have raised concerns over the fossil fuels needed for plastic production. Even brown bears and wolves have become more focused on due to littering, which can lead to danger to the wildlife and to us humans.

Increased post-consumer waste or waste thrown out by consumers such as packaging spoiled food, and outdated appliances has grown steadily in developed nations since the manufacturing boom that followed WWll. There has been talk of outfitting all barges with “black box” transmitters so that coast guard cutters could track them. The Ocean Dumping Act of 1972 requires the Coast Guard to monitor dumping. After each net tow, students picked out, weighed and measured plastic particles trapped in the nets. Between 1986 and 2008, some 7,000 students collected roughly 64,000 pieces of plastic from 61,000 net tows.

After each new tow, students picked out, weighed, and measured plastic particles tapped in the nets. According to, there’s a chart showing which country generates the most waste, per day. United States is number one with 624,700 metric tons, leading China to have 520,548, Brazil 149,096 Japan 144, 466 Germany 127, 816. (statistics in 2011) Plastic was invented in the late 19th century. Production took off around 1950, we have a mere 9.2 billion ton of stuff to deal with. More than 6.9 billion tons have become waste. 6.3 billion tons never made it to a recycling bin.

Recent studies have found that microplastics can also get washed out of synthetic clothing, like those made of polyester or acrylic. A 2016 paper included that a single cycle of a washing machine could realise more than 700,000 microplastic fibers into the environment. Gases from incineration may cause air pollution and contribute to acid rain, while the ash from incinerators may contain heavy metals and other toxins. Burning waste can generate energy and there are other strategies. Direct contact with waste can result in skin and blood infections through infected wounds, various illnesses resulting from bites of animals feeding on the waste, and intestinal infections transmitted by flies feeding on the waste.

When food waste is sent to landfills, it decomposes. As it decomposes, it releases gas into the atmosphere. This gas is called Methane. Methane gas is a greenhouse gas which contributes to the greenhouse effect. Additionally, methane gas is 84 times more powerful than carbon dioxide. When waste ends up at the landfill, chemicals in the trash can leach out into the soil, contaminating it. This will eventually end up hurting the plants, along with animals and even us humans who come into contact with the soil. Current estimates are that by 2050 the reserve won’t exist anymore. Manufacturers use fossil fuels to make nylon and plastics.

If humans don’t continue to recycle, this energy source may disappear altogether sooner than expected. Don’t only think about the current generation, but also think about future generations for your kids and grandkids. The natural ecosystem has a delicate balance; therefore, causing excess pollution and invading the habit of animals, their numbers will start to rapidly reduce until they become extinct. Biodiversity is a simple and fancy word for the diversity of life in an ecosystem or environment. There are a number of ways biodiversity is destroyed. A most popular topic is deforestation, especially in tropical areas and destroys a set of animal species (which sometimes ends up leading to extinction).

There are many marine fisheries that are guilty into completely destroying ecosystems and natural habitats. This results into the fishes getting caught with little thought given to how rapid the population will impact their environments. These poor fish then end up getting thrown out by the consumer or even being rejected by stores just because they ended up not meeting certain standards, and even rot in the truck because there was a lack of refrigeration.

Did you know that waste is also making water disappear? Both dirty and clean water. Water is essential to life, and of course, to food as well. Whether you’re spraying, pouring or doing something else that you’re not supposed to, water is always needed to the growing of agriculture. We also waste millions of gallons of just water that was needed way more than desired that was uncounted to plant, grew, and were supported. Just one bag of fruits and vegetables contains about 81% of water. This is because they simply contain more water. Yet, meat products are the heaviest water users because the animals drink a lot of water. More importantly, because so much water is needed for the grain, it becomes their feed.

Another production side of the waste epidemic. Oil, diesel fuel and fossil fuels are required to grow, transport, store, and cook food. Think of it this way, the harvesting machinery that has to be powered. The vehicles start to take the food from the farm to the warehouse, then to the store. The further the machinery goes, the more it’s used to sort, clean, and package. Food is then prepared just so it can be bought. Much of this machinery requires massive amounts of oil, diesel fuel and other fuels to function.

It takes about 8 to 10 times more water to produce mean than grain. If the 1.3 billion tons of food wasted worldwide each year is accurate, most estimates place the water “in” that amount to be 45 trillion gallons – or 24 percent of all water used for agriculture. Also, 70 percent of the world’s freshwater is used for agriculture.

Wasting millions of tons in America and billions worldwide each year also means that all the oil and fuel that has gone into the production of food is wasted. We should try to not use the fuel in the first place and replace it with healthier things that are similar to fuel. Using that fuel just ends up releasing harmful amounts of greenhouse gases into the environment that is combined with other harmful amounts from the decomposing food that are already in landfills and all the future decomposing food that will yet be wasted that ends up going into our system. We shouldn’t want this to continue in the future for our future generations.

Land is used for production, and specifically these crops and grassland that are used in the growing are mainly used just for retaining food that has been thrown out. Throwing out leftover food is irresponsible, and the food does have an impact on the physical land itself. About 900 million hectares of non-arable land are used in the production of the world’s meat products. The real problem is, when all the land is counted that is used for producing other foods, the use of land skyrockets by millions of pounds of fruits and vegetables that we all waste each year.

Each ecosystem has their own unique food chain, which is made up of preys and predators. When food is wasted, there’s an increase of numbers that lead to one which can then out the second in the chain that is out of balance. The chains in the systems are sensitive, which means even the smallest changes can totally be demolished, reducing its biodiversity. So let’s help our environment and protect it at all costs for the people and animals around us.

Destructive human activity should never be ignored. It can be too late if we don’t focus on this situation right now. We could do this by working together every day to protect our natural environment. Mankind should also be sure that technology is helping us figure out where to start and not making this worse. Fast forward to today, a lot of international summits, conferences, and presentations are held to deal with recycling, waste treatment, and water and soil contamination. We should always remember that environmental pollution is an incurable disease. It can only be prevented. Let’s take care of our one and only unique world!

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How Waste Effects the Environment. (2021, Apr 26). Retrieved from

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