How far did the weimar republic recover under stresemann? Essay
How far did the weimar republic recover under stresemann?
There were many problems that were caused by the political violence from the right e.g. Kapp putsch 1920- (friekorps), Munich Putsch1923 (Nazis), the organisation group- terrorist. However they were other problems that were caused by other factors. E.g. the treaty of Versailles, the armistice- November criminals/ Blockade, the spartacist revolt in 1919, democracy- people wanted their old leader Kaiser back, Hyperinflation. After Kaiser abdicated in 1918 then friedich Ebert became the president of Germany then Philip Schiedmann became a chancellor.
Then on 11th November 1918 Germany signed a armistice and they agreed to stop fighting against Russia, France, and Britain. Many Germans were very shocked by the decision; even though they didn’t have many choices but they were they were still determined to continue the battle. After the German surrender to sign the armistice, people began to believe in “stab in the back”. The nationalist started to call Ebert’s government’ the November criminals’. Germany had lots of problem in 1919 as well e.g. The British Blockade, hating the new government, the blockade made lots of people to starve.
Another issue that faced the government was the Spartacist revolt I 1919. The spartacists tried to start a revolution in Berlin. This frightened the government. The new government had few soldiers but they called on help from the Friekorps. The friekorps wanted to help because they hated the spartacist therefore they stopped the revolution. The treaty of Versailles was a huge problem for the Germans. After signing the treaty of Versailles, Germany had accept all the responsibility for starting WW1. This was known as the ‘war guilt’. German people hated the treaty of Versailles because they thought it was unfair, because Germany because Germany were treated like defeated country. However the Germans did not think they were defeated. They thought the war was a self defence against Russia.
This shows most of Germans disagreed with signing the Treaty of Versailles because they should not be the only ones to be responsible for all the damages and they were very angry toward the treaty. People in Germany were very disappointed about signing the treaty; in this case the Weimar republic became even more unpopular.
This shows that the new government were weakened by the treaty. This was important because the traditionalists felt this would not have happened under the Kaiser. On the other hand Germany had another big issue and that was the hyperinflation, this was when prices of things increase. People used to burn money because money was cheaper than fuel. Money was easy to print out because it was only printed on therefore money became really worthless. People started to barter (swap) things because they could not buy enough things even though they used to get millions of marks in a week but I was still not enough for them. Also in 1992 Germany failed to make a reparation payment. Therefore Germany asked for more time to pay the reparation, Britain agreed but France didn’t.
“Then France and the Belgians occupied the industrial heartland of Germany”, this was an area where Germany kept their coals, iron, and steel production. This was a problem because Germany had serve trouble. After the French army occupied the Ruhr valley with the intention of taking the value of the missing payments.
The German government ordered a policy of passive resistance and German workers went on strike so they don’t have any production left in the valley which meant the French and the Belgians could not get what they wanted. Friekorps were men who had fought for Germany in the WW1. The Friekorps helped the new government so Germany could become a strong country and to have a powerful leader but they thought that the new government were really weak so they decided to fight against the government then they marched up on Berlin to try to make Dr Kapp the new leader of Germany.
The freikorps wanted a firm Germany with a powerful leader like Kaiser. The public didn’t want Dr Kapp to become a German leader because he was not popular. He wanted to become a leader because President Ebert disbands them and tooktheir weapons of them. (Friekorps). The kapp putsch weren’t popular.
The public people went on strike because the country didn’t have electricity, gas and water therefore Dr kapp was a poor leader. When the friekorps were disbanded they went to join an organisation consul then they became a terrorist. In 1923 Hitler thought that it was good time to try to take power because he believed that the public was on the verge of collapse. The on the 8th November Hitler forced the leader to agree to take part in a putsch (rebellions) against the government.
At the same time in November Hitler and his supporters broke up a meeting in a Munich beer hall and the Bavarian state government were speaking. Then in 1923 Hitler and 3000 Nazis with general Ludendorff went on a revolution however they were polices all around Munich. Hitler thought that the police would actually join the his revolution but they didn’t so instead they opened a fire on the marchers which sixteen Nazis lost their lives and four police men died as well. In one way this was a disaster for the Nazis because Hitler and Ludendorff were arrested for conspiracy but on the other hand it was not a disaster because Hitler didn’t waste his time therefore he used his trial to make long speeches criticising the government and setting out his plans for the future of Germany.
Then the publicity turned him into a national figure. Worst of all was that Hitler was sentenced for five years and released in nine months. Toward the end Hitler started to write a book which was called Mein Kamph ,( my struggle). In conclusion I think the other factors were bigger issues for the Weimar republic because they could not solve the problems easily for their own people whereas it was easy for them to stop the revolution. E.g. The spartacis, Hitler and the Nazis. The government controlled both of the wings from the left and the right to stop the revolution. This shows how the government could easily stop the wings but they found it difficult to stop their own people of thinking how unpopular they were, this was because of the governments agreeing to sign the treaties.