Queen Anne’s War
1702 brought about the end of the Treaty, which existed between the French and Britain and the beginnings of another bout of warfare. They had fought over dominance of America in King William’s war, but matters escalated once again between the rival countries and their native Indian supporters; hence the term the French and Indian wars.
Causes of the Queen Anne’s War
It seemed there were unsatisfactory outcomes for many in America. Many thought the Treaty did not favor them; as well as the fact that one of France’s Louis XIV descendants had become sovereign on the Spanish throne, at the turn of the century. The current state of leadership of the Bourbon family over Europe was unacceptable because this would mean increased threats in America by the joint forces of France and Spain.
Queen Anne took the throne in England after her King William’s death. She then commenced the battles against her enemies. They had to curtail the menace of the French against their trade routes in the southern and northern regions of America. With France occupying these areas, disagreements developed over boundaries, territories and religious faith.
During the war of the Spanish succession, England tried to seize Guadeloupe and parts of Florida. They were unsuccessful in 1703. France also botched their assault on Charleston in 1706 and England suffered great losses in 1711 as well. This occurred when ten ships and 1000 men were destroyed at Anticost. This tragedy caused their commanders General Hill and Admiral Walker to go back to home, leaving the colonists fighting against Canada without support.
Consequences and Significance of the Queen Anne’s War
Anne’s warfare was the subsequent battle to have caused great suffering for the English settlers in New England. This time, they were left stranded to deal with the retaliation of the French in Canada. For seven years, no help or supplies came from the motherland or New York. Again, the Native Indians took sides and those Indian supporters of France showed them no mercy and were consistently carrying out raids.
This lead to two counter attacks from Britain. They were against the oldest settlements in Port Royal; these expeditions did not succeed. The French had governmental influence there, which allowed them to carry out strategic attacks against different British targets. After the failures of 1707 and 1709, Britain promised the colonists that they would support these countermeasures. Conversely, that promise was not upheld when they sent the English soldiers to Portugal instead. Despite this setback, Queen Anne’s troupes finally arrived in the next year and managed to seize Port Royal for England. That was the final time that the French ever had control of the area. To honor the queen monarch, it received a new name, Annapolis Royal.
The fighting ended in 1712 because the leaders struck up peace talks. All battles then ceased by 1713’s Treaty of Utrecht; the stipulations were that Britain would retain possession of the Hudson Bay fur trading posts, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. However, there were many ambiguities that remained regardless of the treaty and another battle ensued by 1744.
Read Also: French and Indian War