History And Culture Of Singapore Cultural Studies Essay

In the early century Singapore was known by many different name. It is besides called as trade port. This Island was ruled by many lands. The name of Singapore supports on altering as the Kingdom alteration But in 13 century the monetary value Sirivijaya landed on this island and he saw a really Strange animals that was Lion. Then he thought to call this island ‘SINGAPORA ‘ which means land of king of beastss in Sanskrit linguistic communication. Then in twelvemonth 1613 the monetary value was killed by Portuguese.

I 1819 the British regulation this island. Slowly -Slowly it became a major trade metropolis between India and China.

Then it merchandise in Southeast Asia. Then in 14 century Singapora had a battle between Siam and Majapahti imperium. The majapahti imperium ruled for several old ages on Singapore. Then majapathi founded sultanate of Johor and started merchandising port to sultanate and so in 15 century Johor lama was the new capital of Singaora.In 1587 Portuguese killed the Johor.

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During World War 2 it was ruled by Nipponese imperium from twelvemonth 1942 to 1945. But after universe war over once more it was ruled by British. Lots of battles and differences was there for Singapore but 9 grand 1965 it became the independent democracy. In the twelvemonth 1959 Singapore Adopted coats of weaponries of Singapore. This symbol was besides presented by national assembly to curate of civilization and the national assembly approved it in November 1959. On the 3rd December 1959 it is presented first clip in people. Singapore used the same coat of weaponries that was used by the united land.

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The pecuniary authorization of Singapore made an issue of 2nd series of coins. The name of Singapore was placed on the coin in four functionary linguistic communication ( Chinese, Malay, English and Tamil ) . The dollar was presented in same form in 1987.

Earlier Singapore authorities was confronting tonss of jobs sing societal and economic. But so they made a scheme to promote local investors and foreign trade.The authorities started Chinese linguistic communication in the school and they started giving more importance to Chinese people and linguistic communication by this tonss of Chinese concern adult male started their concern in Singapore Between 1965 to 1979 Singapore was attacked by Indonesian military.So to salvage themselves they joined United Nations and became the 117 member of Commonwealth. Then the authorities of Singapore started constructing tonss of houses, puting tonss of new concern, industries etc. Then this island state was constructing a good image throughout the universe and so it is known as island to the state. Singapore besides attracts the large oil companies like Shell and Esso and became 3rd largest state in the universe. Then the authorities started betterment in the instruction system for the people and started more practically work. By this people were acquiring more cognition of everything.

Then in twelvemonth 1980 to 1990 Singapore continues his economic growing. Earlier the growing of GDP ( Gross Domestic Product ) was approximately 3 % but in the twelvemonth 1980 ‘s it was approximately 8 % . Then they started puting tonss of higher engineering like Wafer Fabrications, tonss of new public lodging were made with towns, new big flats and edifices were made with good and better service. They started cheaper labours to vie with their neighbours. In the twelvemonth 1981 they built up an airdrome that was Singapore Changi airdrome and Singapore air hose was became an international air hoses. And after that it became a tourer topographic point tonss of tourer started coming to Singapore. The authorities started giving tonss of service and comfortss to tourist so purchase this it became the major finish of tourers. About 80 % to 90 % lives in HDB flats. Then in1984 Singapore became Non-Constituency member of parliaments and in twelvemonth 1988 Group Representation Constituency made

In the twelvemonth 2000 Singapore faced tonss of jobs like SARA interruptions and there was an attacked by the terrorist by this onslaught the substructure of Singapore became imbalanced Then the authorities made major counter – terrorist act force this was the force which made to complete the terrorist act. Then in twelvemonth 2004 tonss of new hotel and resorts, casinos etc built up and tonss of National service were at that place. In twelvemonth 2007 Singapore is selected the host of Youth Olympic Games of twelvemonth 2010 and Singapore will contending all 26 athleticss.


Singapore is really attractive topographic point.It has tonss of things to visits.Singapore is now known as tourers chief attractive forces. In every twelvemonth about 1000000s of visitants visit Singapore and in twelvemonth 2008 the Numberss of visitants were about 10 million and by twelvemonth 2015 the authorities of Singapore is anticipating the Numberss of visitants about 30 million per twelvemonth. The tourers are more attracted by the beauty of Singapore, colonial history, major industries. Tourists can see assorted sorts of cultural and heritage plans. Multi-story shopping Centre and hotels.In Singapore they have tonss of menagerie and unfastened dark campaign for the tourers, Singapore circular, under H2O Singapore universe, national orchid garden, Singapore scientific discipline garden, Singapore art museum, sky tower, civilian war memories, china town, Victoria theatre, musical fountains, read span, wind South span, national museum of Singapore etc.

Night campaign is the universe foremost wild life park and it has been eight -time victor for best visitants attraction.It ‘s about 40 hectare park and in this about 1,000 animate beings of above 115 species. The chief focal point of the Singapore authorities is to safe the Threatened species. They besides have a dance presentation every twenty-four hours when U go for the campaign.The animate beings which are here is Malayans Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelams, Asiatic king of beastss, angling cats, Asiatic Elephants, ruddy Cuon alpinuss etc. Their chief focal point is to entertain tourers and state them about the new species of the animate beings.

Singapore circular it is the universe largest observation wheel and it is about 165 m high from the land and its about 32 minute drive and when you in the top of the circular you can see about 45 kilometer far and you can catch a sight of Malaysia and Indonesia. It is besides known as breath taking drive and it is located at Raffles avenue.

Underwater Singapore universe it is situated on sentosa island. It has 2500 Marine and 250 different spices all over the universe. It was unfastened in twelvemonth 1919 and 30 million have been visited till now. It ‘s in the underside of the sea and its starts from the border of sea. It ‘s a tunnel form and its about 83 metre long traveling. They besides have Dive plan me in which tourers can swim with mahimahis. They have sea firedrake, different types of sharks, jelly fish etc and besides have tunnel lodging olympian beams. The current subject of underwater is populating dodos. They besides have the installations of message and watering place, therapy. They besides gave the installations of warm pool.

National orchid garden. In garden we can happen about 700 species of workss and flowers and its on tallness of the hill in Singapore garden. It was unfastened in 20 October 1995. The country in which its consists of is about 3 hectares of land. It consists of intercrossed workss which are really rare in the universe and loanblends have 1,000 species. The national orchid garden have really alone tree which make him more attractive and Charming. The chief thing of orchid its design which is made in 4 session and each Session consist of 4 seasons. The spring zone consists of bright colourss and lovely Shades like yellow and gold, pick. The summer zone consist of dark colourss like ruddy and pink. The winter zone consists of white and bluish colourss. The fall has maturated colourss.

National museum of Singapore has the history of since 18th century. It is the oldest and Youngest thing in the Singapore. It was designed for the people and to the people. It has 11 national hoarded wealths. It besides tell us the history and civilization of Singapore. It is Besides known as the icon of Singapore. Museum besides host assorted sort of festival and cultural activities per twelvemonth and besides have the astonishing public presentation and movie showing and dark festivals. These public presentations are supported by world-wide scope of installations and services. National museum of Singapore was under – renovation for 3 old ages and it has been re-opened in twelvemonth of 2006.

Geography and Climate


Singapore consists of the chief island of Singapore and 58 smaller island, more than 20 of them in habited. Singapore is little island in southeast Asia located at the tip of the Malaysia Peninsula between Malaysia and Indonesia. This island shaped like diamond and it is rather little. Its geographical location is 96km North of the equator. This state is merely 42km long and 23km broad with a coastline mensurating 138km. Singapore has entire land mass of 646sq kilometer. It is separated from Indonesia by the Singapore Strait and from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor.

Singapore is besides called as a concrete jungle because more than 90 % of population lives in flats.


Singapore ‘s demographic population was around 4.48 million as estimated by the last nose count in 2005. This is the 2nd most populated independent state after Monaco. Singapore is a multicultural state with the high population of Chinese immigrants. In twelvemonth 2000 the one-year growing rate of population was 2.8 % .


The clime is equatorial, with uniformly high temperatures, high humidness or average one-year rain autumn of 2,463mm. The highest of all time recorded rainfall is 512mm. The hottest month is May and June. This is due to light air currents and strong sunlight during those months. The highest recorded temperature is 36 degree Celsius in 1998 and the lowest recorded temperature is 19.4 degree Celsius in 1934. The driest month is July. With an mean rain autumn is 70 millimeter.

Climate of Singapore is normally humid and sometimes rainy. Temperature lies between 20 grades Celsius to 26 grade Celsius. In Evening temperature goes bit low than that.

Humid degree reaches up to 90 % to toss off 60-70 % and norm is 80-85 % .

There are four seasons in Singapore:

North east monsoon season

This season comes between December to process and during this season rain becomes moderate to hard from 1 to 3 yearss extension. Wind velocities are from 20km/hr to 40km/hr.

Pre South-West Monsoon

This season comes from April to May. This season is a combination of heavy rains and booms.

South-West Monsoon Season

This season comes from June to September.

Pre North-East Monsoon

This season comes from October to November.


Singapore is a to a great extent built up society and it is no unexpected that its physical environment has changed really much. As a consequence, really few people know that many types of stones are found on their island. Singapore is chiefly made of sandstone and mudstones. It besides includes the southwesterly country. Metamorphic stones are found in the northeasterly portion of Singapore and besides on Pulau Tekong off the east seashore of Singapore. The stones are chiefly made up of quartzite and besides do up the Sajahat Formation.

In late 2004, many parts of Asia and Africa were attacked by the Indian Ocean temblor and the ensuing tsunami. Singapore was by opportunity protected by the Sumatra land mass, which turns the onslaught of the tsunami.

Current personal businesss

Civil orders:

The political relations of Singapore take topographic point in a frame work of a parliamentary republic.whereby the Prime Minister of Singapore is the caput of authorities, and of a dominant-party system. Executive poweris exercised by the authorities. Like many states in the universe today, there are three separate subdivisions of authorities, viz. the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.

Legislative power is vested in both the authorities and the Parliament of Singapore. The legislative assembly is the parliament, which consists of the president as its caput and a individual chamber whose members are elected by popular ballot. The function of the president as the caput of province has been, historically, mostly ceremonial although the fundamental law was amended in 1991 to give the president some veto powers in a few cardinal determinations such as the usage of the national militias and the assignment of cardinal judiciary places.

Political background:

Singaporean political relations have been dominated by the People ‘s Action Party ( PAP ) since the 1959 general election when Lee Kuna Yew became Singapore ‘s first premier curate ( Singapore was so a autonomous province within the British Empire ) . The PAP has been in authorities of all time since. Singapore left the Commonwealth in 1963 to fall in the Federation of Malaysia, but was expelled from the Federation in 1965 after Lee Kuan Yew disagreed with the federal authorities in Kuala Lumpur. The Economist Intelligence Unit classes Singapore as a “ intercrossed ” state, with autocratic and democratic elements.

“ Singapore Rebel ” and was threatened with a case for doing a “ politically partizan ” movie, which is illegal in Singapore.

Sport events:

The Singapore Sports Council ( Abbreviation: SSC ; Simplify Chinese: ?-°aS a??a?“e‚?c?†a?‹a?s ; Malay: Majlis Sukan Singapore ) is Singapore ‘s lead bureau tasked with developing a holistic athleticss civilization for the state. Formed in 1973, the SSC creates chances for people to stand out in athleticss ; chances for people to be engaged in athleticss as, managers, functionaries, voluntaries or fans ; and chances for people to make concern in athleticss as patrons and investors. The SSC has changed the manner Singaporeans position and take part in athleticss. Through athleticss, we now have an enhanced national individuality thanks to our athleticss engagement programmes ; greater national pride as a consequence of high public presentation consequences at international and regional games ; and more diversified economic stableness through our vivacious athleticss industry enterprises.


Chairman: Mr. Richard Seow

Deputy Chairman: Mr Cheah Kim Teck

Members: Ms Sum Chee Wah, Dr Benedict Tan, Mr Low Teo Ping, Mr Lee Hong Chuang, Dr Janice Khoo, Dr Saiful Nizam, Mr Bernard Tan, Mr Yam Ah Mee, Colonel Chia Choon Hong, Ms Ong Toon Hui, Dr Teo-Koh Sock Miang, Mr Andreas Sohmen-Pao

Senior Management

Chief Executive Officer: Mr Oon Jin Teik

Chief Financial Officer & A ; Chief, Strategic and Financial Management Group: Ms Goh Fang Min

Chief, Sports Development Group and Singapore Sports Institute: Mr Robert Gambardella

Chief, Sports Facilities Group: Mr Kenneth Hui

Chief, Organisation Strategy and Development Group: Ms Lynette Lim

Partner in Sports

Singapore Pools has a long tradition of athleticss sponsorship and recognizes the of import function that athleticss play in the lives of Singaporeans. From constructing athleticss installations, funding programmes of National Sports Associations and featuring activities for the multitudes to directing athlete contingents to vie in international sporting events, Singapore Pools is involved in one manner or another.

With its part to the Sporting Singapore Fund towards gaining our national vision of Sporting Singapore, Singapore Pools is proud to be synonymous with athleticss in Singapore. Be it fostering draw a bead oning immature endowments or spurring experient sportswomans towards greater excellence.

Sports and Recreation Centres

Below is the list of Sports and Recreation Centres that are managed by SSC

Bishan Sports and Recreation Centre

Bedok Sports and Recreation Centre

Bukit Gombak Sports and Recreation Centre

Choa Chu Kang Sports and Recreation Centre

Clementi Sports and Recreation Centre

Delta Sports and Recreation Centre

Geylang Sports and Recreation Centre

Hougang Sports and Recreation Centre

Jalan Besar Sports and Recreation Centre

Jurong East Sports and Recreation Centre

Jurong West Sports and Recreation Centre

Kallang Sports and Recreation Centre

Queenstown Sports and Recreation Centre

Sengkang Sports and Recreation Centre

Serangoon Sports and Recreation Centre


The economic system of Singapore is a developed state and extremely developed province capitalist market economic system. The province controls and owns houses that comprise at least 60 % of the GDP through authorities entities such as the autonomous wealth fund Temasek. It has an unfastened concern environment, comparatively corruption-free and crystalline, stable monetary values, and one of the highest per capita gross domestic merchandises ( GDP ) in the universe. Its advanced yet firm signifier of economic sciences that combines economic planning with free-market has given it the moniker the Singapore Model. Exports, peculiarly in electronics and chemicals, and services provide the chief beginning of gross for the economic system, which allows it to buy natural resources and natural goods which it does non hold. Singapore could therefore be said to trust on an drawn-out construct of transshipment center trade, by buying natural goods and polishing them for re-export, such as in the wafer fiction industry and oil refinement. Singapore besides has a strategic port which makes it more competitory than many of its neighbors to transport out such transshipment center activities. The Port of Singapore is the busiest in the universe, exceling Rotterdam and Hong Kong. In add-on, Singapore ‘s port substructure and skilled work force, which is due to the success of the state ‘s instruction policy in bring forthing skilled workers, is besides cardinal in this facet as they provide easier entree to markets for both importingand exportation, and besides provide the accomplishment ( s ) needed to polish imports into exports.

On 14 February 2007, the Singapore authorities announced that economic growing for the whole twelvemonth of 2006 was 7.9 % , higher than the originally expected 7.7 % . Singapore ‘s unemployment rate is around 2.2 % as on 20th Feb, 2009 As of August 8th, 2010, Singapore is the fastest turning economic system in the universe, with a growing rate of 17.9 % for the first half of 2010.

Etiquettes in Singapore

Business Etiquettes:

Singapore ‘s people are really witting on money and concern meeting day of the months.

Singaporeans go direct to the chief affair of the meetings.

Singaporeans are taken many determinations of concern really rapidly.

In Singapore people are really punctual about their concern meetings. If they are late for run intoing they inform before the clip of assignment.

It is ill-mannered and disrespectful to being late on meetings without any notice.

Information and inside informations are deliver merely when it is requested.

Never reply excessively rapidly when person asked any inquiry because they may be lose the right reply.

The right manner to give reply for any inquiry is to take at least 15seconds and believe. Not to reiterate the reply.

Singaporeans ever give their concern card on first meeting.

Dining Etiquettes:

Singaporeans do non take any appetisers, soups or anything to imbibe before feeding or dining.

Everything is set on the tabular array along with the dishes and nutrient while Singaporeans have their repast.

In Singapore normally do non like to give tips after their repast because they do non desire to affect other people about them as people of other Asiatic states are make.

Normally at the societal dinners Singaporeans neither likes to portion their nutrient with others nor touching at that place home base with other eating utensils.

Singaporeans specially likes to eat with thin terminal of the chopsticks but they use thick side of chopstick to acquire nutrient from the large or chief dishes.

Body Language:

To acquire person ‘s attending you should raise your manus.

Avoid touching of caput by anyone because Singaporeans believe that caput is sacred.

Singaporeans do non indicate anything with their pess because they think pess are at the underside of our organic structure and seen as dirty.

Singaporeans do non put their custodies on the hips while speaking to person because they consider it as the symbol of choler.

Singaporeans do non blow their olfactory organ or unclutter their pharynx at public topographic points because these are the mark of discourtesy.

If you yawn it is better to cover your oral cavity with your custodies.

It is appropriate to set your articulatio genus over the other while you traversing your legs.

Everyday Life:

To state gags to any individual is non good until you do non cognize him/her really good because he/she may misconstrue the gags.

Never get down any conversation on faiths or political relations with any individual.

Do non show fondnesss like snoging and embracing between twosomes in public countries.

Be unagitated and do non demo choler in public countries.

At societal events or other occasions shake manus suitably with everyone. Shake custodies with nice and strong clasp with anyone.

Singaporeans may non hold oculus contact with people they meet. By this they show respect to their seniors and individuals of higher rank.

Singaporeans normally greet people by stating “ Where are you traveling ” or “ Have you eaten ” in topographic point of typical recognizing such as “ How are you ” or “ Good Morning ” .

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History And Culture Of Singapore Cultural Studies Essay. (2020, Jun 02). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/history-and-culture-of-singapore-cultural-studies-new-essay

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