GSCE Geography Coursework Essay
GSCE Geography Coursework
Has the Reintroduction of the Tram system in Nottingham been a success or failure? Nottingham is based in the East Midlands region of England (see fig. 1). It is a large, densely populated city, totalling a population of 266,988. The population rivals that of Manchester (392,819), and the slightly larger Liverpool (439,473). It has a good, varied range of public transport systems, but the local council and residents felt something should be done to change or adapt Nottingham’s public transport.
Either advancement in quality and quantity of the current transport systems, or take a different approach and introduce a new, or reintroduce a, transport system. The first tram routes opened in Nottingham on 17th September 1878. These were only animal powered, and the first electric trams began running in Nottingham in 1901. “Back in 1988 Nottingham City Council and Nottinghamshire County Council came together with Nottingham Development Enterprise, representing local businesses interest, to consider the city’s future transport needs.
It was clear that if Nottingham’s fabric and economy were to be regenerated and the Nottingham of the future was to be a city that remained a great place to live, work and visit then our transport infrastructure had to be renewed. ” So the tram was to be introduced to ease congestion, slow down pollution, give Nottingham a greater appeal to outsiders and provide a new, better public transport system. It was reintroduced and work began on it in June 2000. It was completed on Tuesday 9th March 2004.
I am carrying out this study to see what impact the reintroduction of the tram system in Nottingham has had on the main city centre, from where the tram starts and to where it ends. That’s why I have asked the question, “Has the Reintroduction of the Tram system in been a success or failure? ” The basis of my question will be answered by formulating data from a number of different sources. From this data, I will calculate, analyse and finally evaluate to find the answer to my question. Primary Data: I collected two different sources of primary data.
I felt two was enough as they cover just about everything to do with my chosen question. I also could of taken photographs but I discarded this idea as I felt the visual image was unimportant, as you couldn’t grasp how the tram has affected the current transport systems by just looking at a picture of the tram. My first and main source of primary data came from a questionnaire (Fig 4. ), which I conducted in Nottingham’s city centre, alongside one of the tram routes. I formulated the questionnaire, as I wanted to collect information on the general publics opinion.
This is the best and most reliable source of information, as it isn’t just one man making a speech, it is the overview of how every individual feels, as of course these people make up Nottingham. I first piloted my questionnaire to make certain that the questionnaire was suitable and a good range of sensible questions was used to get the answers I wanted. I piloted my questionnaire on 4 people that I know. After getting the OK, I realised it was definitely suitable to use and that a good range of questions were present. I then chose 30 people as a random selection to get the most ‘realistic’ result.
Selective picking is not suitable for Fig. 1 This map is to show the location of Nottingham in the United Kingdom. It is based in the East Midlands region of England, and is one of the largest cities in England. Fig 2. The planned three line Nottingham express transit system. This map shows the three different routes the tram is planned to make. Only ‘Line One’ has actually been constructed, the other two routes are still in careful consideration, after being accepted and then rejected. Fig 3. Nottingham city centre street map. Shows the city centre, and transport stations.
It shows where I conducted and gave out my questionnaires. I felt this was a good place to hand out my questionnaire as; it’s in the centre of town so the majority of people in town pass through here. It’s on a tram route, so I can ask people departing to and getting off the trams. this questionnaire as it only gets a selective answer, whereas I am trying to find out an overall answer of the general public, not just a minority opinion. I tried to ask an equal amount of male and female’s, and of all age groups highlighted on my questionnaire. This gave me answers from all the different types of people, and all different ages.
I also wanted views from people who lived outside of Nottingham, to get their general opinion on the transport system and what the tram has done to it. To find out ‘outsiders’ views, I selected a few people that looked particularly ‘touristy’. Secondary Data: The majority of my secondary data came from the Internet (see appendix for sources of information used throughout my coursework). I also used published leaflets about the tram and transport systems to obtain information. Maps off the Internet and off leaflets were also used to help show the location of points and routes the tram takes.
These sources were full of information, but hard to find. They helped me obtain information and I utilized it well to answer my initial question. Question 1 was unimportant for graphing as it just shows how many people carried out my questionnaire were residents of Nottingham. I thought this was irrelevant to graph because it does not help me with my overall question, as it cannot be analysed. The results I got were: Are you a resident of Nottingham? Yes: 27 No: 3 Fig 5. Graph to show results to question 2 on my questionnaire. Out of all the 30 people who carried out my questionnaire, only 2 did not use public transport in Nottingham.
This shows that the majority of people in Nottingham use public transport, and only a tiny minority do not. This can be due to them not living in Nottingham or only using private transport (cars). The graph therefore shows that public transport is a very popular system in Nottingham, and that lots of people need to be pleased with the tram system for it to be a success. As many people use public transport already, the tram would have to succeed very well to persuade people to stop using the public transport they currently do, and to move onto the tram.
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 10 July 2017
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