The causes of global warming are when carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and other air pollutants collect in earth’s atmosphere and act as a blanket that traps the heat from the sun and prevents it from going back to space. This process is known as the greenhouse effect. But the greenhouse effect is vital for the earth. Without it, it would be too cold for life to live on earth. Although, too much of it causes the earth’s temperature to rise. According to Nasa, carbon dioxide which is important and the main greenhouse gas has never been higher in 650,000 years. Reducing the emission of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide would at least help to slow down the effects of global warming.
Extreme Weather Conditions
The effect of global warming are many, but I want to point out a few of them. Sea levels are rising and are expected to rise even more in the next coming decades. According to National Geographic, “global sea levels are rising 0.13 inches (3.2 millimeters) a year, and the rise is occurring at a faster rate in recent years” (National Geographic, n.d.). Extreme weather conditions across the globe have increased in recent years, storms and hurricanes are likelier to become bigger and more powerful. Blizzards, rainstorms, heatwaves, and droughts are becoming more frequent and in greater intensity. Wildfires like newly occur in Australia are only the taste of what can happen if temperatures will keep on rising due to global warming.
There are many solutions to reduce the effects of global warming, some are more efficient than others, but no one solution is the “magic bullet”. Moving away from fossil fuels to more renewable energy like solar, wind, water, or geothermal is an effective way to reduce CO2 emissions. Promoting sustainable electric or hydrogen-powered vehicles and stop producing fossil fuel cars also reduces CO2 emission. Better control of how many trees are cut down, according to The Understory, there are “3.5 billion to 7 billion trees cut down per year” (The Understory, 2017). Trees are often called “the lung of the world” because they absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen in return. Studies tell us that tropical forests absorb approximately 1.4 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide, that’s more than half of all carbon dioxide absorption on the earth. When trees are cut down they release the carbon dioxide they previously absorbed back into the atmosphere. Therefore, speeding up the effects of global warming instead of slowing it down.
The effects of global warming are growing, and the main problem is CO2 emission into the earth’s atmosphere. Sea levels are expected to rise, extreme weather conditions are increasing, and wildfires like newly occur in Australia are just a taste of what can happen. There are many solutions to reduce the effects of global warming, but the main solutions are all connected to reducing CO2 emission and find new renewable energy sources. Currently, 30% of all carbon dioxide emission that is removed from the earth’s atmosphere is by forests and land vegetation, cutting them down contributes hugely to global warming. So instead of cutting them down, we need to plant more trees and protect the forests.