Nowadays a problem of genetically modified food is widespread all over the world. GM foods are genetically modified using biotechnology. More and more GM foods appear on the shelves of our stores and supermarkets nowadays, and make their way into our kitchens. GM foods are designed for greater resistance to viruses and pests, higher nutritional value and longer shelf life. However, their safety, potential risks and ethical concerns are still being debated. So, should genetically modified crops be banned or not?
Proponents of GM foods ensure that these foods are safe for human consumption, but critics argue that their effects have not been studied long enough.
First argument for banning GM foods is that it badly affects our health and well-being. Some studies have linked consumptions of GM foods to liver and kidney problems. The antibiotics and hormones given to cows and chickens are found in our bodies and we don’t know yet the extent to which these cause chronic disease.
Moreover genetic engineering could introduce allergens into foods, causing allergic reactions in people who eat the foods.
Another argument is that GM food does not benefit people, just large corporations that produce and sell them. In the most cases the vegetables are modified to look better and be larger so that these companies can make more money. They do not add to the taste or freshness of nutrition of the food. On the other hand GM products along with disadvantages have their benefits too. A lot of people believe that genetically modified foods can help to solve the food crisis in future, and so help humanity to survive.
Firstly, all of sorts of GM plants are stable against illnesses and mean weather. Also, GM food is cold tolerant. An antifreeze gene has been introduced into plants such as tobacco and potato. With this antifreeze gene, these plants are able to tolerate cold temperatures that normally would kill unmodified seedlings. Secondly, they ripen fast and keep longer than usual plants. It is easier to transport them and keep fresh for a long time. In my opinion, genetic engineering should be banned because young generation will have different diseases because of eating unhealthful food.
Of course, this is a huge industry nowadays that obviously can’t be stopped, but I believe that there are other ways to save people from hunger.
References: 1. “Genetically Modified Crops Should be Banned” 2. Murphy, Tom. “The Arguments for and Against Genetically Modified (GM) Food. ” N. p. , 15 06 2009. Web. 22 Apr. 2013. 3. Gray, Louise. “Ten tweets for and against GM”. Environment Correspondent 4:04PM GMT 24 Jan 2011 4. “Should Genetically Modified Foods (GM Foods) Be Banned? – Facts & Infographic”.