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The Carica papaya is a plant belonging to family Caricaceae it is also called as pawpaw . the potential medicinal values and has been cultivated in most of the tropical countries (Sudhakar et al., 2014). Carica papaya is a huge tree like herbaceous perennial plant by soft only stem growing up to 5-10m height, with sparely arranged leaves at the top of the trunk, lower trunk is scarred where leaves and fruits are born ( Srivastava et al., 2016). The plants are usually short-lived, but can produce fruits for more than 20years.
The carica papaya have a complicated means of reproduction (Ayoola et al., 2010) From thousands of years nature is giving us a source of medicinal plants, in which all parts of the plants is used Carica papaya such as leaves , seeds, fruits, peel, roots, flowers (Lydia et al., 2016).
Carica papaya cultivated for its fruits, throughout the world’s tropical and subtropical regions (Carica Papaya, Florida plant encyclopedia -902) . Its originated from Southern Mexico, Central America and northern part of South America (Agarwal et al.
, 2016). Carica papaya is a berry type fruit with parietal placentation, it is well known for its food and nutritional values (Noshad et al., 2018). It is also called as “fruit of a common man”, known as popular fruit (Radhakrishnan et al., 2017) . Carica papaya plant grows rapidly and have weak and soft stem which yields latex and have large and long stalked leaves. It usually branches when it is injured ( Srivastava et al., 2016). Carica papaya plants are dioeciously or hermaphroditic, producing only male, female or bisexual (hermaphroditic) flowers.
Plant pollinate in three ways self- pollination or pollen from same plant but different flower or pollen from different flower (Yogiraj et al., 2014)
Carica papaya plant also has lactiferous properties. The specialized cells secrete latex in most of the tissues, secreted latex is dispersed thought the plant, and latex is a rich source of papain, chymopapain, caricain and glycolend peptidases (Dharmarathna et al.,2013). Latex is a complex mixture of chemical compounds with diverse chemical activities collectively; these compounds are thought toward be involved into defence system of the plants (Jaiswal et al., 2010). This herbaceous plant is also known as papaw, paw paw, kapaya, lapaya, tapaya, papayao, papaya, papaia, papita, lechosa, fruta bomba, mamon, mamona, mamao and tree melon (Nordin et al., 2010) . carica papaya leaves have shown the presence of anti-dengue, anti-plasmodia, anti-cancer, antibacterial, hepatoprotection, anti-inflammatory and Antioxidantproperties in-vitro and in-vivo studies (Nugroho et al., 2017). This plant has been used traditionally in cases of kidney failure, lowsperm count, dental care, heart problems, natural memory enhancer, and remedy for fibroids in uterus (Uduak et al., 2013).
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