Gender Equality: A Matter of Social Justice

Gender Inequality is the differences in the status, power and prestige women and men have in groups, collectivities and societies. Gender inequality usually affects women more than men due to the status in society. Many women are affected in the workforce due to gender inequalities, in many countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan women are held at a lower position to men. In countries such as those, women are thought of as property other than human beings. Why does gender inequality happen? The answer to this question is not as simple as it may seem.

The most enforcing cause of gender inequality would be stereotypes. Typically women are thought of as housewives, to stay home, cook and clean, and take care of children. Men are suppose to be the breadwinners, they are suppose to work and support the family. In modern society the thought of the typical “housewife” has changed. Ever since the Rosie the Riveter revolution during World War II, more and more women are working in the workforce instead of staying at home.

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Even though during this time women were encouraged to take the place of their men and work in the workforce, a glass ceiling was still created keeping women unable to be promoted and gain higher positions.

Interesting enough, almost 40% of women today make more than their husbands, and women today make up almost 60% of U.S. college students and earn the majority of doctorates and master’s degrees. So why does gender inequality still exists? Its a long interval of gender differences, including roles of biology, gender socialization, and findings from other cultures.

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Also the different forms of gender inequalities suchs as women in the workplace, inequalities at work, and the gender pay gap take a huge toll on gender inequalities. As the differences between girls and boys are explored, the differences between men and women are also explored. Many scientist say that nature vs. nurture has a huge involvement with the biological makeup differences of men and women. A quote from Intro to Sociology states that “Scholars disagree about the degree to which biological characteristics affect gender identities as “feminine” or “masculine” and the social roles based on those identities. The debates is really about how much social behavior is learned versus innate (or “inborn”)”. (Intro to Soc 295).

Among the oldest forms of social injustice in the world, gender inequality had been around the scene for quite a while. From the earlier centuries, men or male gender was considered superior in most societies. This, however, didn’t stop there. With this in the public domain, there soon ensued a systematic and open manifestation of such discrimination. It went on until a time came when calls for gender equality rand so high. Various movements, therefore, set in to try and strike a balance between the two genders. With time, however, the scales have tipped. Gender-related issues have become a global concern and require to be curbed to promote equality which in turn yields peace and togetherness. Agender inequality is a situation where human beings are treated partly or wholly unequal due to their gender. Typically gender inequality stems up from the different gender roles within our social setups. Gender inequality mainly arises form distinctions either socially or empirically constructed. Many organizations focus on institutions that assign women and men’s different positions, behaviors, and roles. Gender inequality not only inhibits growth but also leads to low literacy levels among women, poverty, unequal chances in the workplace, and also the low representation of women in various aspects, for instance, economics, politics, and sports.

One solution to this problem would be eliminating the wage gap between males and females. The wage gap in the workplace is terrible. According to one frequently cited metric based on U.S. Census Bureau data, “women in the united states earn 82 cents for every dollar earned by a man, amounting to an annual average gender wage gap of $10,194. The differential was 80 cents on the dollar last year.” With that being said when it came to actual fields such as nursing women hold 91 percent of the jobs, male registered nurses make slightly more: about $84,000 annually on average, compared with $80,000 for female nurses. The gap only gets bigger in different field aspects. The link between gender and wages can be seen in the tendency of certain jobs to fall in pay as they transition from primarily male to largely female occupations. Women experience greater loss when it comes to men especially when it comes to the sports aspect. Some examples of the equal pay problems are the U.S. women’s soccer team and the WNBA. The U.S. women’s soccer team has won 4 world cup titles compared to the men’s team-zero. The winning 2018 men’s team got $38 million the 2019 women’s champion $4million. In the NBA a rookie can enter the league and earn $6.8 million in his rookie season. A WNBA rookie can enter the season making $52,564. That’s a difference of $6.7 million dollars. That’s just not fair. Every women’s teamwork just as hard as any male team there is, and they still get underpaid by millions.

The second solution would be advertising women’s sports more often. When you turn on the tv to watch a sports team the main channels are taken by the men’s teams. Channels such as ABC, ESPN, and TNT. They come on familiar channels. The channels everybody knows of but when it comes to women’s sports, they come on unfamiliar channels. They come on channels nobody knows of. You don’t see many WNBA game commercials, but you see plenty of NBA commercials and big matchups on TV. The women teams don’t get the recognition they deserve for all their hard work. Commercials for the upcoming games are the least they could do for the women sport’s community. I’m not saying they don’t do commercials for the WNBA. I’m saying that they could make them repetitive like they do the NBA. According to Forbes, “ESPN has increased what it pays to broadcast WNBA games to $25 million per season, from $12 million.” That might be the reason why you don’t see many WNBA games broadcasted on ESPN because of how much they have to pay them so much. Show the same respect for both the NBA and the WNBA.

These stereotypes are the ones that create gender inequalities and make it unfair for women to gain equal rights. Most sociologist argue that a mans aggressiveness varies between cultures and that women are still are as aggressive but display their aggression in a more discreet manner such as using strategies and “bad mouthing” rather than physical fights. I agree with this statement, usually men are more confrontational because men always look to be the Alpha male. When women are in a confrontation, more women will be more sneaky and rather talk than just fight physically.

When it comes to the different forms of gender inequality, there are many different forms and disadvantages mainly pertaining to women. The first most common is women in the workplace, women in the workplace have more disadvantages than men. Another disadvantage would be the gender gap and pay. Men tend to receive a way higher pay than women. Each of these are examples of gender inequality, in the workplace it can be found most typical due to the stereotypical judgements of women working. The gender gap payment has a great affect on gender inequalities, since men are paid more this creates a glass ceiling for women trying to advance in the career path. In a quote by the feminist majority foundation, “In the Wall Street Journal/Gallup survey, women managers were asked what they consider to be the most serious obstacle in their business careers. Only 3% cited “family responsibilities,” but half named reasons related to their gender, including: “male chauvinism, attitudes toward a female boss, slow advancement for women, and the simple fact of being a woman.” (FF 1) This quote shows that the main thing holding back women in the working society is stereotypes.

Many women stereotypes claim that its family issues holding back our women from reaching higher levels. Many assume that if a women is a single mother, divorced, or divorcing this may take an effect on her work ability. In society when it comes to gender and family, each gender is expected to have a certain type of role. When it comes to family there are many different types and levels. Usually in a family women are expected to take care of the children and men are expected to work and provide. In this modern day society women usually do both, work and take care of their family. Since the beginning of humankind women were suppose to bare the children and men were suppose to provide for the family. Since this though was considered since the begnning of mankind its hard to earse this thought. Still til this day, women mainly do the cooking while men provide. Since women are mainly thought of being in the kitchen, its hard for men to picture women in the workfield. Since the beginning of time women have been thought of as the housekeepers. When World War II came around things changed and women had to step up to the plate. Ads such as Rosie the Riveter promoted women to get jobs and work outside the household. Before this time the life for a woman was boring and just an endless cycle of the same tasks.

The third solution would be possibly parting with the NBA. I think that would be a great idea. It would bring in revenue for the WNBA to help them with the pay gap. The WNBA minimum gate revenue for the league was about $26.5 million compared to the NBA $5.9 billion. That’s a big difference. If the WNBA paired with the NBA, I feel like that would help with the revenue for the WNBA. According to Forbes, “ESPN has increased what it pays to broadcast WNBA games to $25 million per season, from $12 million.” Why is this so high if their revenue is literally $26.5 million and you want them to pay you $25 million per season to broadcast their games. That’s just outrageous. “The New York Liberty hasn’t made money,” James Dolan, chairman and franchise owner of Madison Square Garden company. The whole association isn’t making money. I believe that can change. The WNBA needs to partner up with another association or organization to help build up the revenue.

The only problems it would be for there to be equal pay, more advertisements, and a partnership would be the critics. They would say women’s basketball is boring. Women can’t play basketball. Some would say nobody goes to WNBA games or women’s games in general because the intensity isn’t there. Lots of people would say well the WNBA isn’t making money because they haven’t been around for long. They would make up any reason to not go sit at a WNBA game or a women’s sporting event. Others would say well the WNBA salary was increased is that not good enough. Well no it’s not. They raised the pay to $130,000 and the maximum salary is about $500k. How is that even comparable to the NBA. I feel as if women sports don’t get the right amount of respect as they should. They work as hard as the men do. They want to provide for their families just like men do but don’t get paid but half a million.

In conclusion, the WNBA and other women associations/organizations should have equal pay just like the men should. There should me more advertisements and more commercials for the women’s sports community. The games should be displayed on the big channels like the men’s teams. The WNBA should partner up with big sponsors to help their revenue. The pay gap between males and females, in general, is bad, and it is even worse when it is pertaining to men and women sports. Equal pay should be in every workplace and every professional sport. Women athletes work as hard as men do and still get half a million dollars. That’s just catastrophic, especially when you see how much the men get paid.

Gender Inequality in Education

Gender Inequality is the unjust behaviour or insights of people on the basis of gender. In regards to education, we can then say, gender inequality in education is the discrimination of individuals based on gender in schools. When talking about this gender inequality it is quite obvious that the ones being discriminated are the females. Education is a fundamental right, which should not be restricted to a certain gender, every human being, male or female has a right to education. No matter the form of inequality it is bad for an economy and well-being. The impact is more severe if when it is viewed from the perspective of gender and even more detrimental when the resources allocated are unfair against women. A society that its hierarchal organisation have a habit of placing men in choice making positions and women demoted to economic work that seeks limited work and does not give them the satisfactory resources of means of support is a society that is put in danger. (Ijaiya & I.O.Balogun)

This issue of gender inequality in education is far more prominent in less developed countries, plus Nigeria where quite a number of readings have shown that under the backings of religion and tradition the men discriminate against women hence divesting them access to skills and education for useful activities. (Ijaiya & I.O.Balogun) In general education is well-defined as a long life progression through which a person’s progress is smoothed so that he can be beneficial to his society and to himself.

From this definition, my concern here is the western education because it the most important form of education in the world which is more prominent and its achievement, regardless of what level one has attained is seen to be very significant to the development of an economy, since it allows people accomplish new tasks and to assess and adjust to new jobs. Gender inequality in education affects a lot of things in countries, it affects economic growth as it brings down the level of human resources because when some of the population that could have contributed to somethings are not educated, they do not amount to much in the society. There has been a lot of concerns with women when it comes to education and it is not a new thing.

History of Gender Inequality in Education

For some time now, there has been a change in gender success all through education; in the late 1980’s underachievement by girls was common; girls were less likely than boys to gain one or more A-levels and also not likely to go on to advanced education. In the 1990’s there was a quick reversal; girls started doing better than boys. In the year 2006 10% more females were gaining more A-levels than males. This gender diversion has been viewed from a social perspective. (Gender and Educational Attainment, 2014) In the 1990’s gender discrimination was still evident in the society though women were attaining greater success throughout work and education. The Education Reform Act of 1998 (important piece of education in Wales, Northern Island and England) which brought coursework helped girls as they tend to be generally more organised and care about the how their work looks than the males.

Feminists consider that the purpose of education ought to be to benefit and advantage disadvantaged women. In a feminists view this is not wrong as what that is what they seek. The 1998 Education Reform Act indicates clearly that women are to be given more chance to attain education. Some girls were interviewed in the 1970’s and others were interviewed in the 1990’s, it was found that main concern had changed, it had changed from marriage and love in the 1970’s to careers and jobs in 1990’s. From this it is quite obvious there has been an increase in career ambitions. Two things could have influenced this, contemporary socialisation from media and parents or achievement from course works. (Gender and Educational Attainment, 2014)

A conceptual Issue

Wellbeing and Gender Inequality, according to the World Bank a key determinant of wellbeing in a country is the presence of a stable economy and its growth. Inequality is frequently referred to as lack of equivalence. One of the concerns of gender inequality when it comes to education is that it could pointer to a whole great deal of violence against women, which might make it hard for them to talk about issues of power. If this inequality is such that leads women into having little access to education as well as limited skills for dynamic employment, it will have an effect on them when it comes to poverty of the present and also of that of the next generation. An illiterate woman with restricted access to income cannot take care of her children in regard to nutrition and health; and a woman with so much work and has no regular access to income might use their daughter’s labour for survival which might end up depriving them of a chance to gain education. (Sheehan, 2012)


It is also observed that gender inequality in education may weaken development goals. It may avert increase in child mortality and fertility and the increase of education on the next generation. There is absolutely no doubt that education has a main impact on economic growth, as the more educated people in a society, the better the economy of that society. Studies have conventionally used years spent in schooling as a variable to measure education. There is a strong proof that quality of education is more essential than the quantity of education. Gender inequality in education influences education indirectly, through dissimilar ways such as by dropping the fertility rate, growing life span of population and social unity. Gender inequality has a negative impact on the outcome of education, which will also have a negative impact on the economy’s growth. These can happen in so many ways. Girls who are schooling in a school where there is high inequality might end up believing there will inequality in the society, which might hinder their opportunity for success in life.

These would lead to decrease in their performance in school. Gender inequality does not only manifest itself in education but also in other areas, like, politics, education etc. (Sheehan, 2012) While numbers of children not in school has dropped, and number of girls not in school has declined from 58% to 54% in 2010, in some countries there has been limited progress in children getting into schools, many which are girls, and girls from poor households continue being one of the groups at jeopardy of never attending school. In 2006 in Pakistan, 60% of children not in school were girls while only 12% of poor Hausa girls in Nigeria went to school. The odds of getting to school are not in favour of girls from poor households. Girls’ enrolment in Yemen is vividly much lesser than boys and the same case goes for Pakistan when attendance is the case analysed. (Engendering Empowerment: Education and Equality , 2010)

It is seen also that gender is not regarded as a serious issue compared to poverty, some officials in the South African Education Department said: Gender is not a primary issue to them because they deal more with poverty, whether one is male or female poverty is still poverty, they get to deal with hunger and that does not discriminate. From what they can see, gender is not an issue. Poverty is an issue also but to think it is more important that gender inequality in education is totally wrong, from what I have said earlier, the more educated people the lesser the chances of poverty, so, a way to tackle poverty is to tackle gender inequality in education first.

Another South African is worried that focusing on gender will distract from the poorest needs, saying that there is a risk involved with having too much emphasis on gender issues, saying that it is an issue that would be taken well in resourced areas rather than areas with the majority being the poor. (Engendering Empowerment: Education and Equality , 2010) In conclusion, what this paper is saying is, Gender Inequality in Education is an ongoing issue that is declining but not going away anytime soon. It is a problem that comes with its own problems, meaning it affects economic growth and development. A way to decrease the number of inequality is to educate people especially those in the rural areas that the girl child’s education is just as important as the male’s child. Every individual male or female should not be discriminated on the basis of anything talk less of education, education is key. Say NO to Gender equality in Education.

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Gender Equality: A Matter of Social Justice. (2020, Sep 27). Retrieved from

Gender Equality: A Matter of Social Justice

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