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When the Constitution was drafted, the Founding Fathers were afraid of the consequences of a government becoming too powerful. To limit this risk, they established a system of checks and balances. The system of checks and balances is a significant part of the Constitution. To limit their power, they devised a system of checks and balances.
They consisted of three separate branches: executive, judicial and legislative. With checks and balances, each of the three branches of government can limit the powers of the others.
This, no one becomes too influential. Each branch ‘checks’ the power of the other branches to make sure the influence is balanced between them.
All three branches are to collaborate in the running of the country, but they were also meant to carefully keep the other two powers in control. Checks and balances were set in place to reduce mistakes, prevent improper behavior, or decrease the risk of centralization of power. An example of how this works in practice is the president may veto a law passed by Congress.
Congress may then override the veto if a minimum of two-thirds of members of both the House of Representatives and the Senate vote to do so. This system takes longer but prevents either Congress or the President from having absolute power in any decisions or lawmaking.
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