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In the first part of the play Abram and Sampson two servants are insulting each other. Abram asks Sampson
“Do you bite your thumb at us sir?”
This is the modern equivalent of “Two Fingers” often referred to as the “V” sign. Sampson then quotes
” No, sir, I do not bite my thumb at you, sir, but I bite my thumb, sir.
This is implying that Sampson does give the “V” sign but not at Abram.
Benvolio then comes in and says
“Part, fools! Put up your swords, you know not what you do.
This means stop fighting, put down your weapons.
Tybalt then enters and says
“What, art thou drawn among these heartless hinds?”
Referring to “soft” “female deers”
Benvolio then states
” I do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword, Or manage it to part these men with me.
Meaning “control yourself”
Tybalt then exclaims
“What, drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word, as I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee.
This means “You have your swords out and you talk of peace?!”
[ THEY THEN FIGHT]
The prince of Verona referrers to the fighters as
” Rebellious subjects, enemies to peace”
He then goes on to state that
” If you ever disturb our streets again, Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.”
Meaning “Fight again and you will be exiled or executed!”
[END OF ACT 1 , SCENE 1]
In this scene Tybalt’s behaviour brings Benvolio and Tybalt to fight and disturb the streets of Verona. The consequences of the fight explained by the prince are Tybalt’s fault.
ACT 1 SCENE 5
This scene centres on the Capulet Ball. Soon into the party Romeo shows up. When Tybalt sees Romeo he is infuriated by his presence.
“This, by his voice, should be a Montague.
Fetch me my rapier, boy.”
Meaning “Fetch me my sword”
He then goes on to say
” What dares the slave
Come hither, covered with an antic face,
To fleer and scorn at our solemnity?
Meaning ” Romeo is here his face covered with a mask, to laugh at us on this sad occasion?”
Tybalt then whispers to his uncle
” Uncle this is a Montague, our foe:
A villain that is hither come in spite,
To scorn at our solemnity this night.”
Meaning ” Uncle this is our enemy, he has come to laugh at us!”
Lord Capulet replies
” Young Romeo is it?
Tybalt replies back to him
” ‘Tis he, that villain Romeo.
” Content thee, gentle coz, let him alone,
‘ A bears him like a portly gentleman ;
And to say truth, Verona brags of him
To be a virtuous and well-governed youth.
I would not for all the wealth of all this town
Here in my house do him disparagement ;
Therefore be patient, take no note of him ;
It is my will, the which if thou respect,
Show a fair presence, and put off these frowns,
An ill-beseeming semblance for a feast.
During Capulet’s speech he demonstrates his passion for peace that night, for Tybalt to cheer up and to not spoil or hurt the ball of the Capulets.
” It fits when such a villain is a guest:
I’ll not endure him.”
(ENDURE means left alone, leave him alone)
But Tybalt’s sharp reply suggests that Tybalt does not want to leave Romeo alone. Tybalt wants to cause trouble.
Capulet then raises his voice
” He shall be endured
What Goodman boy, I say he shall, go to !
You’ll not endure him? God shall mend my soul!”
That speech demonstrates Capulet’s wish for Tybalt to leave Romeo alone. The “Goodman boy” remark shows Tybalt up, the word boy makes Tybalt look immature.
Tybalt then answers back with
” Why uncle, ’tis a shame.”
Capulet’s counters with
” Your are a saucy boy! Is’t so indeed?
This trick may chance to scathe you, I know what.”
Capulet yet again humiliates Tybalt in front of the guests of the ball. He cause him a “Saucy Boy” Making another reference to his immaturity and saying that he is saucy and full of cheek!
” Patience perforce with wilful choler meeting
Makes my flesh tremble in their different greeting:
I will withdraw, but this intrusion shall,
Now seeming sweet, convert to bitt’rest gall.
Tybalt now sees his wrongdoing and to get back into Capulet’s good books he decides to let this one go. But also says that his anger will turn to poison. And he will get revenge.
During this scene Tybalt’s behaviour is unacceptable, immature and babyish. Tybalt tries to show off in front of all the guests but is embarrassed by Lord Capulet. Tybalt thinks that Romeo has come to fight and he couldn’t be more wrong. Tybalt leaves Romeo for now but says that he will seek revenge.
( END OF ACT 1 SCENE 1 )
ACT 3 SCENE 1
When Tybalt comes into this scene, he says to his followers
“Follow me close, for I will speak to them.
Gentlemen, good den, a word with one of you.”
He is referring to Mercutio and Benvolio. He is saying “Guys, wotsup? Can I have a quick word with one of you lot?”
But Mercutio’s sharp reply
“And but one word with one of us? Couple it with something,
make it a word and a blow.”
Suggests that Tybalt wants to fight.
” You shall find me apt enough to that sir, and you will give
Implies that if you give me a reason I will fight!
The argument continues with Tybalt verbalizing
” Mercutio, thou consortest with Romeo.”
Entailing, You are friends with Romeo.
Mercutio’s counter is
” Consort? what, dost thou make us minstrels? And thou
Make minstrels of us, look to hear nothing but discords. Here’s my fiddlestick, here’s that shall make you dance. Zounds, consort!”
During that come back at Tybalt, Mercutio exclaims “Me? A musician? You call us dancers, minstrels? And all we hear from you are arguments! Here is my sword, it will make YOU dance!”
Benvolio then buts in and says,
” We talk here in the public haunt of men :
Either withdraw unto some private place,
Or reason coldly of your grievances,
Or else depart; here all eyes gaze on us”
Benvolio is trying to break up the fight, or to get them to take the fight inside or away from public view.
(Romeo then comes in)
Tybalt sees Romeo entering and turns to him and states,
” Well, peace be with you, sir, here comes my man.”
Referring to Romeo, the person he wants to see.
Mercutio interrupts with,
” But I’ll be hanged, sir, if he wear your livery.
Marry, go before to field, he’ll be your follower ;
Your worship in that sense may call him man.”
Mercutio is telling Tybalt that he would rather die than wear the tunic, or uniform of a Capulet. He is also advises Tybalt to go to the battlefield were Romeo will follow for a duel.
Romeo then answers back to Tybalt,
” Tybalt, the reason that I have love thee
Doth much excuse the appertaining rage
To such a greeting. Villain am I none ;
Therefore farewell, I see thou knowest me not.”
Romeo now avoids the fight and stays under control.
Tybalt is now infuriated with what Romeo and has said and the interposition at the ball the other night. He then has a go at Romeo,
“Boy, this shall not excuse the injuries
That thou hast done me, therefore turn and draw.”
Throughout the duration of that speech Tybalt is seeking revenge for the embarrassment caused by Romeo the other night. Tybalt also insults Romeo by calling him a boy.
” I do protest I never injured thee,
But love thee better than thou canst devise,
Till thou shalt know the reason of my love ;
And so, good Capulet, which name I tender
As dearly as mine own, be satisfied.”
Romeo is still calm.
Mercutio is now angry with Romeo,
“O calm, dishonourable, vile submission!
Mercutio calls Romeo a coward because he gave in to Tybalt.
He goes on to say
” ‘Alla Stoccata’ carries it away.
Tybalt, you rat-catcher, will you walk?
Mercutio is on about a fight with Tybalt, he feels he has to fight, to defend the honour of the Montague name, because Romeo won’t. ‘Alla Stoccata’ is a nickname used in fencing.
Tybalt and Mercutio start fighting. Through the arms of Romeo, Tybalt thrusts a sharp object, possibly a knife into Mercutio. Mercutio goes down saying,
” A plague a ‘both houses! I am sped.”
” No, ’tis not so deep as a well, nor so wide as a church-door,
but ’tis enough, ’twill serve. Ask for me tomorrow, and you shall find me a grave man. I am peppered, I warrant, for this world. A plague a ‘both your houses! ‘Zounds, a dog, a rat, a mouse, a cat, to scratch a man to death! A braggart, a rouge, a villain, that fights by the book of arithmetic. Why the dev’l came between us? I was hurt under your arm.”
Mercutio’s dying words show his disgust at what has happened. He calls Tybalt a scoundrel, a braggart and a desperado. He also shows his repugnance at Romeo saying that he died under his arm, why did evil forces come between us?
” I thought all for the best”
Saying that he did what he thought was best for him.
At the end of the scene the prince banishes Romeo out of Verona for life.
Because of Tybalt’s behaviour above, Romeo is exiled from Verona.
Friar Lawrence then plans “The Fake Death” of Juliet. A letter is sent to Romeo. It doesn’t arrive in time because Romeo has made his way back to Verona to see his new wife Juliet. He first of all goes to see Friar Lawrence, but he isn’t there. Romeo sees Juliet in the coffin in the church and then Romeo finds a dagger, he kills himself. But as he is doing so, Juliet awakes to see Romeo taking his life. She then decides to take her own life because she thinks there is nothing more worth living for now that Romeo is dead!
( END OF ACT 3 , SCENE 1)
Tybalt’s behaviour in the play of Romeo and Juliet contributes massively to the tragic ending of the story of two star-crossed lovers. His behaviour during Act 3, scene 1 is life threatening to Romeo and eventually fatal to Mercutio. Because Tybalt killed Mercutio, Romeos best mate, Romeo goes out seeking vengeance on Tybalt. Because Romeo lost his cool with Tybalt, and killed him, Romeo was exiled. This then led to the “Fake Death” plan which backfired badly for Romeo and Juliet. Tybalt’s behaviour in act 1 scene 5 leads to what happened in act 3 scene 1. Tybalt felt threatened by the presence of Romeo at the Capulet ball and decided that, not on that night though, Romeo must die, I must get revenge for my embarrassment at the ball.
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