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Existentialism Essay Examples

Essays on Existentialism

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Existentialism of Jean Paul Sartre

Existence precedes essence As much as Existentialism is a philosophy, existentialist stress on creative creation as an essential element of existence. As an outcome, Sartre often selected to combine both points of aesthetic issues and that of philosophy in other words stories and novels. Unlike the fiction of Sartre, the philosopher fiction is not mythical or allegorical, but it is a simple plan of his philosophical arguments. The dependence on artistic production to comprehend oneself becomes Roquentin's last cure to…...

Ethical Theories Within the Film “Crimes and Misdemeanors”

In the last scene of the movie Criminal activities and Misdemeanors, I believe the imaginary philosopher Louse Levy's message was extremely similar to philosophy Jean-Paul Sartre and his theory on existentialism. Among Sartre's quotes, "Man is absolutely nothing else but that which he makes from himself." Levy is attempting to convey that we are in control of our options and we select our own happiness. In the final scene of the film Levy states, "We're all dealt with throughout our…...

The Scream by Edvard Munch Art Analysis

I was walking along a path with two friends - the sun was setting - suddenly the sky turned blood red - I paused, feeling exhausted, and leaned on the fence - there was blood and tongues of fire above the blue-black fjord and the city - my friends walked on, and I stood there trembling with anxiety - and I sensed an infinite scream passing through nature. As a young artist, Munch was profoundly influenced by Dostoevsky. "No one…...

Existentialism & Fight Club

From an existentialism point of view, there is no right or wrong choice, since one gives an action value by the virtue of choosing it. Choices can only be judged on how involved the decision maker is when making it. Judging by this standard, the narrator is justified in killing Tyler, since he fully became involved in choosing to both accept and reject Tyler’s values by that action. “Existentialism’s first move is to make every man aware of what he…...

Existentialism of Kierkegaard and Sartre Philosophy

"Is live worth living? That depends on the liver," is quite an anonymous, but knowledgeable, quote. Though this may seem a more modern way of viewing life itself, this quote actually resembles that of a much older perspective: that of an existentialist. Existentialism, is, essentially, the philosophy that life is meaningless, unless one defines that life. Two philosophers actively involved in this position were Soren Kierkegaard and Jean-Paul Sartre. While both can be considered existentialists, in that the quote above…...

"The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka: Origins and Parallels

Throughout the novel, The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, the author, demonstrates the parallel between his relationship with his family, and Gregor Samsa's relationship with his family, in addition to how Gregor came to chose to become the insect he was physically, after having already been one psychologically. Following the existentialist theory, Gregor allowed himself to become an insect, as he chose how he would let his family affect him. Ultimately, it was he that made the choice to become accustomed to…...

Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism

Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger and not only serves as one of the themes but probably the main reason Albert Camus wrote the book altogether. Presented in first person narration through the eyes of Meursault, the…...

Existentialism in Camus' "The Stranger"

Existentialism is often defined as a philosophical movement or tendency, emphasizing individual existence, freedom and choice. As a result of the diversity of positions associated with this term it is impossible to define precisely. There are, however, basic themes common in existentialist beliefs. As is evident through the root of the word, exist, there is a stress on definite individual existence and freedom of choice. Developed between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, this ideology influenced literature greatly. A prime example…...

Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot

Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot is a mid 20th century play belonging to the genre of the "Theatre of the Absurd", and focusing on the senselessness of the human condition. The idea of the absurd is a major theme in Waiting for Godot and is embodied in its main characters. Estragon (Gogo) and Vladimir (Didi), taken together, represent the universal man facing the world. Beckett uses each character to show the limitations and absurdity of different aspects of human existence.…...

Existentialist traits in works of Henrik Ibsen

Existentialism is a major twentieth century continental European philosophical movement. The label was inspired by the tendency of some of the writers like Kierkegaard, Heidegger , Sartre and Nietzsche to use the term "existence" for a kind of being or life unique, in their view, to human beings. Only in the case of human beings is the conduct of their life an "issue" for them; only they can "stand out" - exstare, the Latin word from which "exist" comes -…...

Existentialism, Logotherapy and Health

Introduction Joyce Travelbee was born in 1926 and is well known for her contribution and work as a nursing theorist. In 1956 earned her degree as a Bachelor in Nursing from Louisiana State University, later in 1959 received the degree of Master in Science at Yale University. During most of her carrier she dealt with psychiatric nursing and also education. Died tragically while trying to obtain her PhD degree in 1973. Key Points of her Theory There are some main…...

Social Philosophy of Martin Buber

Martin Buber was an educator and a Jewish philosopher. He had a great significant in the broad phenomena of the pedagogical ideas that rose during the early years. His main idea and contribution was in the concept of social dialogue. He had an understanding of pedagogical linkage to the idea of persuasive dialogue which provides a rational learning perspective. In his philosophy, Buber often stressed on the individualism of the human beings which encompasses the aspect of spiritual dialogue with…...

The Historical Context of Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky

Every great piece of literature is influenced or inspired by the time period in which it was written. Whether the author consciously or unconsciously intended to write about a specific milieu, it will always be evident in the text. This is because the author is always influenced by the point in history in which he occupies. The text is defined and characterized by the events and ideologies prevalent in an era. Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky is no exception.…...

Dostoevsky’s Notes from Underground

Fyodor Dostoevsky is one of the most influential authors in world literature. This Russian author had written several remarkable novels including Crime and Punishment, The Idiot and Brothers Karamazov. However, before the aforementioned novels were published, Dostoevsky had already gained critical acclaim and recognition for his work entitled Notes from Underground. This novel explores how the freedom of man is undermined by the atmosphere of rationality that dominated the 17th and 18th centuries. Through the novel’s protagonist, the Underground Man,…...

Integrative Essay on diversity in Education

America is increasingly becoming a very diverse nation culturally and ethnically. In all the States, there is an increasing influx of non- native Americans and estimates from the U. S Census Bureau have projected that by year 2100, the non- native Americans who at the moment are the minority, will become the majority and the non- Hispanic whites will constitute a mere 40% of the entire population of the U. S (Osborn, 2005). As a result, education debates in recent…...

Hamlet: Context of the Original Version

Shakespeare uses words in his plays that are often confusing to modern readers. His wordplays, however, are what make his works worth reading. That is why there are available resources that attempt to explain at least some of the context of Shakespeare’s words in his plays. One of these resources is a website that offers a translation of the original work into the modern language. The service is called No Fear Shakespeare. The translations, however, does not provide the experience…...

Theatre of the Absurd

Modern age starts from 1900 to 1999AD. The most important events in this age were the world war I & II. As a result of these wars there were a lots of social, political, economic and literary changes in this age. In literature, there is a new terms occurred. Theater of Absurd is one of the literary terms which occurred in that century. The world wars effect on the play writers which make them think of new topic for theater.…...

Reflection Paper In Philosophy Of Man

I found out that the written article (Existentialism and man’s search for meaning) by Eduardo Jose E. Calasanz are incredibly fascinating and mind blowing. As Aristotle quoted “all men desire to know.” And as one entity quench for knowledge about the mystery of our embodiment. Calasanz spread to us the table of an unsophisticated and different tenet of the classical and the modern philosophers. Admittedly, I do not agree to the philosophers about their theories in such that it is…...

King Lear - Existentialism

The term existentiality was used in the work of philosophers in the 1800s and the 1900s. The concept holds that people should focus on dealing with the present conditions of individual persons while taking into account the individuals’ emotions, responsibilities, actions, and thoughts. This concept is reflected in Shakespeare’s King Lear play. For, example, King Lear knows that it is his responsibility to equally share his kingdom among his three daughters. He however decides to divide his kingdom to his…...

The Loss of Humanity and Understanding in Kafka’s Penal Colony

Michel Foucault put forth a number of studies on the power of the mind. Such work can often be cross referenced against a host of literary works. When comparing Foucault’s work to that of Franz Kafka’s writing in “In the Penal Colony,” a unique perspective on Foucault’s writing becomes evident. The characters of this Kafka short story might maintain specific roles and purposes on the penal colony. However, their lives truly do lack meaning and purpose as this is evident…...

I and Thou by Martin Buber

Present essay participates in crucial examination of basic ideas, observations and ideas, produced by popular Jewish writer and thinker Martin Buber in his book 'I and Thou'. Buber's book is often pointed out as one of the significant impacts in Western philosophical literature of the 20th century. Specifically, the philosophy of dialogue, promoted by Buber resonated with and affected comparable contribution of such theorists and critiques, as Levinas, Bakthtine, existentialist philosopher (Sartre) and others. Based upon the analysis of Buber's…...

Eugene Ionesco's

- Eugene has written 28 plays. His most famous works include The Lesson (1951), The Chairs (1952), and Rhinoceros (1959). -Eugene has been recognized as a leading writer in the Theatre of the Absurd. His plays break theatrical archetypes of plot and sequence; explore mortality, and introduce existential conundrums while utilising over imaginative, unrealistic and out of the blue humor. The line between fiction and reality is consistently blurred as Ionesco depicts meaningless worlds ruled by chance. Was made a…...

Waiting For Godot Theme

Existentialists define “man of bad faith” as someone futile, waiting for life to pass them by. In Samuel Beckets play Waiting for Godot, Estragon and Vladimir demonstrate existentialist view “man of bad faith” by failing at life, expressing their uselessness through doing nothing. Waiting for Godot presents relatively similar views on life; Estragon for example wants to leave and live his life but cannot because he and Vladimir must wait for Godot. Vladimir on the other hand, has every intention…...

Three Themes in the Stranger by Albert Camus

In the novel, The Stranger, author Albert Camus confronts some important issues of the time, and uses the singular viewpoint of the narrator Meursault to develop his philosophy and effectively weave together themes of absurdity, colonialism, and free will. Through the progressive disruption of Meursault’s life and his characterization, Camus presents the absurdity of the human condition along with the understanding that a person can actually be happy in the face of the absurd. Camus also intentionally sets the story…...

Existentialism and Metamorphosis

Existentialism is defined as a modern philosophical movement stressing the importance of one’s experience and accountability. Its focus is the make on the personal reflections that these make on the individual, who is seen as a free agent in a deterministic and seemingly meaningless universe. Its philosophy is meticulous that, in a nutshell, advocates a diverse arsenal of responses and solutions to the ‘existentialist attitude’; which, essentially, is what an individual feels when confronted by the absurdity of life. Throughout…...

Friedrich Nietzsche

Existentialism provides a moving account of the agony of being in the world. The spirit of existen- tialism has a long history in philosophy. But it be- came a major movement in the second half of the 20th century. Existentialism is not a systematic body of thought like Marxism or psychoanalysis. Instead, it is more like an umbrella under which a very wide range of thinkers struggled with ques- tions about the meaning of life. Much of the appeal and…...

Existentialism Essay

Ever wonder why we have the term “free will” or where it originated? People believe that an individual can discover themselves as a person and choose how to live by the decisions they make; well this is where the word existentialism comes into play. Existentialism has been around since the early nineteenth century with Soren Kierkegaard’s philosophical and theological writings which, in the twentieth century, would be recognized as existentialism. The term was first coined by Gabriel Marcel, the French…...

Existentialism Is a Humanism

Sartre is trying to defend existentialism against some disapproval to it. The Communist criticized existentialism as an invitation to people to take interest in hopeless world affairs. On the other hand, Christians reproached from the fact that people deny the need of attention in human affairs. People have the will to do anything they want and wish. With the example given, about ignoring the Ten Commandments, we can people deny the value of following the commandments and will only follow…...

Existentialism in Literature

Existentialism in literature is a movement or tendency that emphasizes individual existence, freedom, and choice. While Existentialism was never an organized literary movement, the tenets of this philosophy have influenced many diverse writers around the world and readers can detect existential elements in their fiction. Americans writers like William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck reveal existential elements in their writing. Perhaps the most prominent theme in existentialist writing is that of choice. Humanity's primary distinction, in the view of…...

Existentialism and The Plague

Jean-Paul Sartre once said, “Man is condemned to be free; because once he is thrown into the world, he is responsible for everything he does. ” Sartre speaks in accordance with the values of Existentialism, which is defined as a philosophical theory that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will. Existentialists like Sartre rejected the existence of a higher power and the over arching influence…...

No Exit Existentialism

Existentialism is the basic requirement of people to take responsibility for their own choices. The concepts that define existentialism portrays the idea that people exist for a reason, and who a person is, what they do, and why they do it will eventually lead into a big role of these acts in their future, either in a good way or a bad way. Sartre points out that people make choices for themselves and they are the only ones that can…...

Existentialism in the Outsider

The Outsider, written by Albert Camus, is often denoted as an existentialist novel, first published in 1942. It is an illustration into various elements of thought and these theories’ view on the world. Camus depicts the life of Meursault, an emotionally inept man who with no beliefs or faith in god, is able to kill a man he had never met without any recognizable motive. For this crime, the French born man is deemed a threat to society and is…...

Existentialism in No Exit

In his play, No Exit, Jean-Paul Sartre examines basic themes of existentialism through three characters. The first subject, Garcin, embraces existentialist ideas somewhat. The second character, Inez, seems to fully understand ideas deemed existential. Estelle is the third person, and does not seem to understand these ideas well, nor does she accept them when they are first presented to her. One similarity amongst the three is that they all at some point seem to accept that they are in Hell…...

Existentialism: Definition and Nature

Existentialism is a philosophical way of thinking that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as free, responsible, and capable of determining their own growth through acts of will. It is what makes us unique and what makes us alike. The existential movement is not a set of doctrines or a philosophical system. It is a cultural movement that arose in 19th century Europe and rose to fame in 1945 after World War II. The movement is primarily concerned with…...

Sartrean Existentialism in the Road

Michael Ross Jeff Bell 1,365 words 21st Century Lit. Sartrean Existentialism In The Road McCarthy tells the story of a nameless father and son struggling to survive in the aftermath of an apocalyptic happening. Religious elements are deeply interwoven with the text and form much of its basic thematic construction. McCarthy writes with a particular focus on existential themes; paying particular attention to the existentialist views of Sartre, Kierkagaard, and Camus and integrating them deeply into his own text. It…...

Existentialism and Existence Precedes Essence

Born in 1905, and the writer of many plays, novels and literature , Jean Paul Sartre became a famous philosophical writer on existentialism post world war 2. (wikipedia) He mainly dealt with three areas of study and they were existentialism, Marxism and Anarchism. (Basic Writings) This paper is an attempt to describe Jean Paul Sartre’s existentialist view. It discusses Sartre’s development of existentialism and the idea that destiny depends solely upon the individual choices. (Existentialism –Jean Paul Sartre)The other related…...

Existentialism vs Essentialism

"Existentialism":A philosophical theory or approach, that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free & responsible agent, determining their own development through acts of the will. Existentialism * is a philosophical term which posits that individuals create the meaning and essence of their lives. Existentialism asserts that “existence precedes essence,” which is in opposition to the classical doctrine that “essence precedes existence. ” The claim “existence precedes essence” is a rejection of the idea that human nature has…...

Existentialism vs. Phenomenology

Existentialism vs. Phenomenology and the response to Hegelian Idealism Absolute idealism was a huge part of Western culture but through the nineteenth and twentieth centuries the greatest political movement took place. Marxism was this great political movement. The movement had an affect on theology and art. Jean-Paul Sartre, a continental philosopher who lived in the nineteenth century was an existentialist. Some of the main themes of extentialism are: • Traditional and academic philosophy is sterile and remote from the concerns…...

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