Assess the social and economic effects of the ‘One Kid’ Policy in China
In the year 1979, China was suffering a serious boost in population, and due to the fact that of this Deng Xiaoping (leader of the communist celebration of China) presented China to an anti-natalist policy called the ‘One Kid’ policy. An anti-natalist policy aims to reduce the unrefined birth rate and the overall fertility rate in a nation in order to slow the population growth. This policy created many social and affordable effects and in this essay I will talk about the social advantages of the policy, the social disadvantages, the affordable advantages and lastly the economical disadvantages.
Firstly, the ‘One Kid’ policy has actually developed social advantages in China, given that the population growth rate reduced. Due to the truth that the ‘One Child’ policy restricts women from just having one kid in urban locations (there are some exceptions, like twins, resided in a backwoods, if your child passed away then you can have another), this decreased the unrefined birth rate and the overall fertility rate.
If China’s population kept growing at the same rate like it was prior to any policies were presented they would have come across issues with resources. Resources are limited and China just has a specific amount of land, food, natural deposits and water.
This policy decreased the pressure on the limited amounts of resources and allowed people to have sufficient food and water to have an excellent adequate lifestyle and not reside in scare, that one-day there wont suffice food and water.
Moreover, if a couple follows this policy, they would be used some incentives. These incentives consist of that they would have access to health services and the child would have an education. This is a great benefit since the child will have an education and can discover and develop as a person and hopefully have a greater chance of succeeding in life. Likewise, access to health services is a fantastic benefit because some households would not be able to pay for health services. It will make certain that the family will be healthy and hopefully live longer. Females will get education about having a kid and will receive free contraception. With this, we can state that the ‘One Kid’ policy created social benefits to individuals residing in China.
Secondly, the ‘One child’ policy also has produced social disadvantages in China, like a gender imbalance and other social problems. Only having one child in a family can create some social problems with the child. Individuals who grew up, as single children as a result of China’s policy were considerably less trustworthy, more risk-averse, less competitive, more pessimistic, and less conscientious individuals . Their social skills will be poor with other children since they have no siblings at home. The parents usually spoil the child since it’s the only child they have, this is how the name the ‘little emperors’ was created for an only child. Additionally, the male to female ratio has drastically leaded towards the male side.
This is because parents prefer to have a boy rather than a girl because when the parents get older, they will have to depend on their son’s wife to take care of them. If they had a girl then they wouldn’t be able to move in with their daughter because the daughter will look after her husbands parents rather than her own parents. This has a created a gender imbalance (for every 6 boys born in China, there are 5 girls) in China and has caused many older men to have no partner due to the simple fact that there aren’t enough women for the amount of men. In addition, there are some cases where unwanted girls are abandoned or aborted even though it is illegal in China. These children will have to be adopted or go to an orphanage. Child trafficking is at a record high in China and for the purpose of exploitation, which is a human right violation. Since there is a fall in the crude birth rate and total fertility rate there is going to be a greater gap between the younger population and the ageing population, which will mean that China could become a ageing population instead of a stable population. As we can see, China’s ‘One Child’ policy has made many negative social impacts in China.
Thirdly, economic advantages of the ‘One Child’ policy are seen in China with a clear economic growth in China. It costs quite a lot to raise one child and it’s not easy to raise another child and therefore families will save money by only having one child. It is also believed that the ‘One Child’ policy is benefitting the economic future of China because it aids to improve the living standards and saves a lot more resources as I said before. Furthermore, the policy also reduces unemployment in China because there will be more jobs available to people since there will be a decrease in population.
This will allow most people to have a job and earn more money and therefore their standards of living will be better. The ‘One Child’ policy has had some positive economic impacts on China and the living quality for the Chinese.
Fourthly, the ‘One Child’ policy has generated negative economic impacts on China. Older generations are dependent on the younger generations. The one child that is economically active is going to need to take care of his/her parents. However, if the one child is unable to take care because they don’t have a job, his/her parents will then face a very tough end of their life with very few resources. Also if you do have more than one child then you will receive a fine of a certain amount (depends on which province you live in), which can affect the family. The ‘One Child’ policy has so far created these negative economic problems on China.
In conclusion, the ‘One Child’ policy has generated positive and negative social and economical impacts. I think that the policy is doing what it should be doing to China’s population, which is lowering it and slowing down the growth rate. China would be close to 2 billion people right now if the policy wasn’t introduced in my opinion, instead of its current population 1.3 billion .
Word Count: 1063
allgirlsallowed (Director). (2011). Statistics About Gendercide and the One-Child Policy [Motion Picture]. Fozzard, H. (2011, May 18). One Child Policy Incentives: Support for the Family. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from shenzhenparty: www.shenzhenparty.com/abpo-one-child-policy-incentives-support-for-the-family
Google. (2012). china’s current population. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from Google: https://www.google.ch/search q=china’s+current+population&rlz=1C5CHFA_enCH545CH546&oq=chinas+current+po&aqs=chrome.1.69i57j0l5.4406j0&sourceid=chrome&espvd=210&es_sm=91&ie=UTF-8
Guinness, P. (2011). Patterns and Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Monash. (2013, January 11). The effects of China’s One Child Policy on its children. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from monash.edu: http://www.monash.edu.au/news/show/the-effects-of-chinas-one-child-policy-on-its-children
Schwarz, T. (2010, October 5). Anti-natalist Policies. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from Geography IBHL: http://zisgeography.wordpress.com/2010/10/05/anti-natalist-policies/
👋 Hi! I’m your smart assistant Amy!
Don’t know where to start? Type your requirements and I’ll connect you to an academic expert within 3 minutes.get help with your assignment