Eugene Nida Essay Topics

Translation Shift Approaches

Introduction The term “shift” commonly refers to changes which occur or may occur in the process of translating. As long as translating is a language use, the notion of shift belongs to the notion of linguistic performance as opposed to that of theories of competence. Although the term “shift” was initially adopted by Catford as… View Article

Equivalence in Translation

Introduction Dynamic equivalence, as a respectable principle of translation, has been around in the translation sector for a long time. It is the method whereby the translator’s purpose is not to give a literal, word-for-word rendition but to transfer the meaning of the text as would be best expressed in the words of the receptor… View Article

Equivalence in Translation

Professionally, however, the term translation is | |confined to the written, and the term interpretation to the spoken (Newmark, 1991: 35). If confined to a written language, translation is a | |cover term with three distinguishable meanings: 1) translating, the process (to translate; the activity rather than the tangible object), 2)| |a translation: the product… View Article

Translation Procedures

Constant reevaluation of the attempt made; contrasting it with the existing available translations of the same text done by other translators Constant reevaluation of the attempt made; contrasting it with the existing available translations of the same text done by other translators Procedures of translating culture-specific concepts (CSCs) (Graedler) Procedures of translating culture-specific concepts (CSCs)… View Article

Dynamic and formal equivalence

Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text. Semantic Translation: Semantic translation takes advantage of semantics that associate meaning with individual data elements in one dictionary to create an equivalent meaning in a second system. Literal Translation: Literal translation, or directed translation, is the rendering… View Article