The first principle from the ethics chart that I believe to be very important is the principle of nonmaleficence. According to the Beneficence vs. Nonmaleficence article written by UCSF School of Medicine nonmaleficence is defined as the meaning to do no harm. This means that physicians must refrain from providing ineffective treatments. The physicians must also refrain from the intention or desire to do evil toward the patient. This principle is an obligation for nurses and doctors to protect their patients from harm by removing and preventing bad situations while still promoting good situations.
I believe that the principle of nonmaleficence is one of the most important principles because it’s focused on the patient’s safety and I believe that the patient’s safety is one of the most important aspects in healthcare. However, this principle can easily be violated with or without intention. For example, it is possible to violate this principle by prolonging treatment if the treatment is futile.
I know that in some cases it may be a fine line on whether you are violating nonmaleficence or not but I think that it is a good principle to have to always ensure that the physician’s intentions are in the best interest of the patient.
The second principle from the ethics chart that I believe to be very important is the principle of autonomy. According to the week one lecture on autonomy vs. paternalism, autonomy is defined as the right of competent adults to make decisions regarding their own health care.
This means that patients who have the ability, knowledge, and skill to do something successfully have the right to make decisions about their medical treatments and health care. I believe this to be a very important principle because it allows the patients to decide what health care they would rather receive. There are two different types of autonomy, executive autonomy, and decisional autonomy. According to the Patient Autonomy article by the National Institute of Health, executive autonomy is defined as the capability of a patient to execute their treatment plan. This is important if a patient has a long term illness where they will be required to execute the treatments on their own time in their home. According to the Patient Autonomy article by the National Institute of Health, decisional autonomy is defined as the ability to deliberate and make treatment decisions. I think this is important because there could be a treatment option that a patient finds more maintainable for their lifestyle rather than the option that the doctor might provide out of habit for that disease. In my opinion, this principle is the most important principle on the ethics chart followed by the principle of nonmaleficence. I believe that it is most important for patients to have the right to choose their treatment path as well as to have the protection of the “do no harm” principle.