Essays: Political Philosophy and New York Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 28 November 2016

Essays: Political Philosophy and New York

Course Rationale: The paper provides an understanding of evolution and transformation of international relations as a discipline. It tries to look at issues in international relations from a thematic backdrop by trying to address change and continuity in the same. From a conceptual background, the paper identifies principal actors and some of the processes that are key to contemporary international relations. Course Content: Lectures 1. Nature and Scope of International Relations : Understanding International Relations, Evolution of the discipline, Its interdisciplinary nature.

(10) 2. Approaches and Theories of International Relations: Classical and Scientific; Realism and Idealism, NeoLiberal and Neo Realist. (14) 3. Actors in International Relations: State and State System, State and Globalisation and Non-State (International NGOs & MNCs) (12) 4. War and Conflict: Nature and Causes; Traditional & Non- Traditional Threats to society, Changing nature of conflict(14) PS 7: Western Political Thinkers (Plato to John Locke) Course Rationale:

The paper seeks to provide a critical understanding of the main philosophical themes in Western Political thought as represented by select thinkers from the early Greek period to the modern period. It emphasizes on both the life and works of the thinkers linking it to the dominant paradigms of the time. Course Content: Lectures 1. Plato: Life and works; the Republic – Justice, Education, Communism, Philosopher King: Rule of Law. (10) 2. Aristotle: Life and works; State; Classification of Governments, Revolution; Citizenship; Family and Property; Slavery; Education. (10) 3.

Niccolo Machiavelli: Life and works; Human Nature, Prince; Religion and Politics; Government; Realism. (10) 4. Thomas Hobbes: Life and works; Social Contract, Sovereignty. (10) 5. John Locke: Life and works; Social Contract Theory; Sovereignty; Natural Rights; Theory of Consent, Right to rebel. (10) PS 8: INDIAN ADMINISTRATION Course Rationale: This course would enable students to understand and analyse the structural and organizational framework of the Indian Administration. It does this by focusing on both the evolution of the public services and the reforms that are required in a liberalizing era. Course Content: Lectures 1.

Indian Administration: Integrity and Transparency, Forms; Causes and remedies of Administrative Corruption, Offices of Lokpal and Lokayuta, Right to Information Act 2005. (13) 2. Planning and Administration: Socio economic objectives of planning, Planning Commission, National Development Council, Decentralised planning. (13) 3. Basic Public Services: Education, Health, Sanitation, and Housing. (Case studies) (12) 4. Reforming Public Administration: Good Governance, Privatization and Competition. (12) Readings for PS 5 & PS 8: 1. Public Administration and Public Affairs, Nicholas Henry – 8th edition 2.

Public Administration – A Avasthi and S. R. Maheshwari 3. Administrative in Changing Society Bureaucracy & Politics in India – C. P. Bhambri. 4. Public Administrative – A. R. Tyagi 5. Public Administration – N. B. P. Sharma 6. Modern Public administration — – F. A.. Nigro and L. S. Nigro 7. Introduction to the study of Public administration N. O. White 8. Indian administration — S. S. Maheshwari 8. P. H. Appleby, Policy and Administration, Alabama University of Albama Press, 1957. 9. A. Avasthi and S. R. Maheswari, Public Administration, Agra, Lakshmi Narain Aggarwal, 1996.

10. D. D. Basu, Administrative Law, New Delhi, Prentice Hall, 1986. 11. C. P. Bhambri, Administration in a Changing Society: Bureaucracy and Politics in India, Delhi Vikas, 1991. 12. M. Bhattacharya, Public Administration: Structure, Process and Behaviour, Calcutta, The World Press, 1991. 13 . ————, Restructuring Public Administration: Essays in Rehabilitation, New Delhi,Jawahar, 1999. 14. M. E. Dimock and G. O. Dimock, Public Administration, Oxford, IBH Publishing Co. , 1975. 15. ———— Administrative Vitality: The Conflict with Bureaucracy, New York, Harper, 1959. 16. E. N.

Gladden, The Essentials of Public Administration, London, Staples Press, 1958. 17. J. M. Gaus, A Theory of Organization in Public Administration, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1936. 18. J. La Palombara (ed. ), Bureaucracy and Political Development, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1967. 19. S. R. Maheshwari, Administrative Theories, New Delhi, Allied, 1994. 20. S. R. Nigam, Principles of Public Administration, Allahabad Kitab Mahal, 1980. 21. F. A. Nigro and L. S. Nigro, Modern Public Administration, New York, Harper and Row, 1984. 22. O. Glenn Stahl, Public Personnel Administration, New York, Harper & Brothers, 1956.

23. D. Waldo (ed), Ideas and Issues in Public Administration, New York, Mc Graw Hill, 1953. 24. N. D. White, Introduction to the Study of Public Administration New York, Macmillan, 1955. PS 9: International Institutions and Issues Course Rationale : The course specifically deals with some of the key international institutions and themes that have guided international relations in the recent times. It tries to look at both the organizational and policy issues relating to the institutions and seeks to bring out the concerns from a developing country perspective. Course Content: Lectures 1.

International and Regional Institutions : IMF & WB, WTO, SAARC & EU (14) 2. Diplomacy: old and new, diplomatic immunities & privileges changing Nature of Diplomacy (12) 3. UN: Structure, functions & Reform (10) 4. Contemporary International Concerns: Terrorism, Environment and Refugees (14) Readings for PS 6 & PS 9: 1. Axelrod, The Evolution of Co-operation, New York, Basic Books, 1984. 2. A. Baldwin (ed. ), Neo-realism and Neo-liberalism, New York, Columbia University Press,1993. 3. —— (ed. ), Paradoxes of Power, New York, Basil Blackwell, 1989.

4. Bennett (ed.), Nuclear Weapons and the Conflict of Conscience, New York, Charles cribner’s Sons, 1962. 5. D. G. Brennan (ed. ), Arms Control, Disarmament and National Security, New York, George Braziller, 1961. 6. C. Brown, International Relations Theory, London, Harvester Wheatsheaf, . M de Bueno and D. Lalman, War and Reason: Domestic and International Imperatives,New Haven CT, Yale University Press, 1992. 7. H. Bull, The Control of the Arms Race, New York, Praeger, 1961. 8. ————, The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics, London, Macmillan,1977. 9. S. Burchill et. al.

, Theories of International Relations, Hampshire, Macmillan, 2001. 10. E. H. Carr, The Twenty Year Crisis, London, Macmillan, 1939. 11. ————, Conditions of Peace, New York, The Macmillan Company, 1944. 12. I. Claude, Power and International Relations, New York, Random House, 1962. 13. K von Clausewitz, War, Politics and Power: Selections, Chicago, Henry Regnery Company, 1962. 14. A. A. Couloumbis and J. H. Wolf, Introduction to International Relations: Power and Justice,New York, Praegar, 1989. 15. W. D. Coplin, Introduction to International Politics, Chicago, Markham, 1971 K. W.

Deutsch, The Analysis of International Relations, New Delhi, Prentice Hall, 1989. 16. J. E. Dougherty, How to think about Arms Control and Disarmament, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1962 17. ———— and R. L. Pfaltzfraff, Jr. , Contending Theories of International Relations, Philadelphia, 18. J. B. Lippincott Co. , 1970. 19. W. Epstein, Disarmament: 25 years of Effort, Toronto, Canadian Institute of International Affairs, 1971. 20. ————, The Last Chance: Nuclear Proliferation and Arms Control, New York, The Free Press, 1976. 21. R. A. Falk, Law, Morality and War in the Contemporary World, New York, Frederick A Praegar, 1963.

22. ————, Legal Order in a Violent World, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1968. 23. H. W. Forbes, The Strategy of Disarmament, Washington DC, Public Affairs Press, 1962. 24. J. Frankel, The Making of Foreign Policy, London, Oxford University Press, 1963. 25. —————, Contemporary International Theory and the Behaviour of States, New York, Oxford University Press, 1973. 26. J. Galtung, The True Worlds: A Transnational Perspective, New York, The Free Press, 1980. 27. F. I. Greenstein and N. W. Polsby, Theory of International Relations, Reading Massachusetts,Addison-Wesley, 1979. 28. S.

H, Hoffman (ed. ), Contemporary Theory in International Relations, Englewood Cliifs NJ, Prentice Hall, 1960. 29. S. H. Hoffman, Essays in Theory and Politics of International Relations, Boulder Colorado, Westview Press, 1989. 30. K. J. Holsti, Why Nations Realign, London, Allen and Unwin, 1982. 31. ————, The Dividing Discipline, Boston, Allen and Unwin, 1985. 32. ————, Peace and War: Armed Conflicts and International Order 1648-1989, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991. 33. A. Hurrell, “Collective Security and International Order Revisited” International Relations,Vol. II, No. 1, April.

34. C. W. Kegley and E. R. Wittkopf, World Politics: Trends and Transformation, New York, St. Martin’s Press, 1995. 35. G. Kennan, “Morality, Politics and Foreign Policy” in The Virginia Papers on the Presidency, edited by K. W. Thompson, Washington, University Press of America, 1979, pp. 3-30. 36. ————, The Nuclear Delusion, New York, Pantheon Books, 1982. 37. R. O. Keohane, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy, 38. Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1984. 39. ———— (ed. ), Neo-realism and Its Critics, New York, Columbia University Press, 1986. 40.

————, International Institutions and State Power, Boulder Colorado, Westview Press, 1989. 41. ———— and E. Ostrom (eds. ), Local Commons and Global Interdependence: Heterogeneity and Co-operation in Two Domains, London, Sage, 1994. S. D. Krasner (ed. ), International Regimes, Ithaca NY, Cornell University Press, 1983. 42. H. D. Lasswell, World Politics and Personal Insecurity, New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1953. 43. L. L. Martin, Coercive Cooperation: Explaining Multilateral Economic Sanctions, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1992. 44. H. J. Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations, 6th edn. , revised by K.

W. Thompson, New York, Alfred Knopf, 1985. 45. F. S. Northedge, The International Political System, London, Faber and Faber, 1976. 46. W. C. Olson and A. J. R. Groom, International Relations: Then and Now, London, HarperCollins Academic, 1991 and M. Onuf, “The growth of a discipline reviewed” in International Relations, edited by S. Smith, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1985. 47. R. E. Osgood and R. W. Tucker, Force, Order and Justice, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press,1967. 48. E. Ostrom, Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990. 49. K.

A. Oye (ed. ), Co-operation Under Anarchy, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press,1986. 50. N. D. Palmer and H. Perkins, International Relations, Calcutta, Scientific Book Company,1971. 51. W. H. Riker, The Theory of Political Coalitions, New Haven CT, Yale University Press, 1962. 52. B. Rivlin, “Regional Arrangements and the UN System for Collective Security”, International Relations, Vol II, No. 2, August. 53. A. Roberts, “The UN and International Security”, Survival, Vol 35, No. 1, Spring. 54. J. N. Rosenau, International Studies and the Social Sciences, Beverly Hills California and London, Sage, 1973.

55. ————, World Politics: An Introduction, New York, The Free Press, 1976. 56. M. P. Sullivan, Theories of International Politics: Enduring Paradigm in a Changing World,Hampshire, Macmillan, 2001. 57. V. Van Dyke, International Politics, Bombay, Vakils, Feffer and Simons, 1969. 58. J. A. Vasquez, The Power of Power Politics, London, Frances Pinter, 1983. 59. ————, The War Puzzle, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1993. 60. S. P. Verma, International System and the Third World, New Delhi, Vikas, 1988. 61. K. N. Waltz, Theory of International Politics, Reading Massachusetts, Addison- Wesley, 1979.

62. ————, “The Emerging Structure of International Politics”, International Security, 18, 1993,pp. 44-79. 63. A. Wolfers, Discord and Collaboration, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1962. PS 10:Western Political Thinkers (Rousseau to Marx) Course Rationale : The course seeks to promote a critical understanding of the main philosophical themes in Western Political thought as represented by selected thinkers primarily from the modern period. It emphasizes on their life and works and their major theoretical and philosophical contributions. Course Contents: Lectures 1.

Jean Jacques Rousseau: Life and works; Social Contract Theory; Theory of General Will; Popular Sovereignty. (10) 2. Edmund Burke: Life and works; Conservative Philosophy; State; Revolution; Blend of Liberalism and Conservatism. (10) 3. James Stuart Mill: Life and works; Liberty; Representative Government and Democracy; Individualism. (10) 4. George Wilhelm Fredrick Hegel: Life and works; History; Dialectic; Idealist Theory. (10) 5. Karl Marx: Dialectical Materialism ; Interpretation of History; Theory of Surplus Value; Class War; Dictatorship of the Proletariat ; Classless society (10).

Readings for PS 7 & PS 10: 1. J. W. Allen, A History of Political Thought in the Sixteenth Century, London, Methuen, 1967. 2. A. Ashcraft, Revolutionary Politics and Locke’s Two Treatises of Government, London, Allen and Unwin, 1986. 3. ————, Locke’s Two Treatises of Government, London, Unwin and Hyman, 1987. 4. A. Avineri, The Social and Political Thought of K. Marx, New Delhi, S. Chand and Co. , 1979. 5. Sir E. Barker, The Political Thought of Plato and Aristotle, New York, Dover Publications,1959. 6. ————, Greek Political Theory: Plato and His Predecessors, New Delhi, B.I.

Publications, 1964. 7. ————, The Politics of Aristotle, translated with introduction, notes and appendix, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1995. 8. R. N. Berki, The History of Political Thought: A Short Introduction, London, Dent, 1977. Sir I. Berlin, The Hedgehog and the Fox, London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1953. 9. ————, Karl Marx: His Life and Environment, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1963. 10. W. H. Bluhmn, Theories of Political System: Classics of Political Thought and Modern Political Analysis, Englewood Cliffs NJ, Prentice Hall, 1965.

12. J. Bowle, Western Political Thought: A Historical Introduction from the Origins to Rousseau,London, Jonathan Cape, 1947. 13. ————, Politics and Opinion in the Nineteenth Century: A Historical Introduction, London. Jonathan Cape, 1954. 14. C. Brinton, English Political Thought in the Nineteenth Century, London, Allen Lane, 1933. 15. J. Bronowski and B. Mazlish, Western Intellectual Tradition, Harmondsworth, Penguins, 1960. 16. K. C. Brown (ed. ), Hobbes’ Studies, Cambridge Massachusetts, Harvard University Press,1965. 17. J. H.

Burns (ed.), The Cambridge History of Political Thought, 1450-1700, Cambridge,Cambridge University Press, 1991. 18. H. Butterfield, The Statecraft of Machiavelli, New York, Collier, 1962. 19. F. P. Canavan, The Political Reason of Edmund Burke, Durnham NC, Duke University Press,1960. 20. E. Cassirer, The Philosophy of the Enlightenment, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press,1932. 21. ————, The Myth of the State, New Haven CT, Yale University Press, 1946. 22. G. Catlin, A History of Political Philosophers, London, George Allen and Unwin, 1950. 23. F. Chabod, Machiavelli and the Renaissance, translated by D.

Moore, New York, Harper and Row, 1958. 24. J. W. Chapman, Rousseau- Totalitarian or Liberal, New York, Columbia University Press, 1956. 25. A. Cobban, Rousseau and the Modern State, London, Unwin University Books, 1964. 26. J. Coleman, A History of Political Thought: From Ancient Greece to Early Christianity,London, Blackwell, 2000. 27. L. Colletti, From Rousseau to Lenin: Studies in Ideology and Society, translated By J. Merrington and J. White, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1969. 28. D. Coole, Women in Political Theory: From Ancient Misogyny to Contemporary Feminism, New York, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993.

29. M. Cornforth, The Open Philosophy and the Open Society: A Reply to Sir Karl Popper’s Refutation of Marxism, London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1968. 30. M. Cowling, Mill and Liberalism, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1963. 31. M. Cranston, (ed. ), Western Political Philosophers, London, Fontana, 1964. 32. R. Crossman, Plato Today, London, Allen and Unwin, 1939. 33. M. Curtis, The Great Political Theories 2 Vols. , New York, Avon, 1961. 34. W. L. Davidson, Political Thought in England: The Utilitarians from Bentham to Mill, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1957. 35. S.

DeGrazia, Machiavelli in Hell, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1989. 36. P. Doyle, A History of Political Thought, London, Jonathan Cape, 1933. 37. J. A. Dunning, History and Political Theories, New York, Macmillan, 1902. 38. W. Ebenstein, Great Political Thinkers, New Delhi, Oxford & IBH, 1969. 39. J. B. Elshtain, Public Man, Private Woman: Women in Social and Political Thought, Princeton 40. NJ, Princeton University Press, 1981. 41. M. B. Foster, W. T. Jones and L. W. Lancaster, Masters of Political Thought 3 Vols, London, George G. Harrap and Co. Ltd. , 1942, 1947 and 1959. 42. R. G.

Gettel, History of Political Thought, New York, Novell & Co, 1924. 43. D. Germino, Modern Western Political Thought: Machiavelli to Marx, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1972. 44. W. H. Greenleaf, The British Political Tradition, 2 Vols, London, Methuen, 1983. 45 A. Hacker, Political Theory: Philosophy, Ideology, Science, New York, Macmillan, 1961. 46. E. Halevy, Growth of Philosophical Radicalism translated by M. Morris London, Faber & Faber, 1928. 47. J. H. Hallowell, Main Currents in Modern Political Thought, New York, Holt, 1960. 48. I. W. Hampsher-Monk, Modern Political Thought from Hobbes to Marx, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1992. 49.

R. Harrison, Bentham, London, Routledge, 1983. 50. I. Kramnick, The Age of Edmund Burke: The Conscience of an ambivalent Conservative,New York, Basic Books, 1977. 51. G. Klosko, The Development of Plato’s Thought, London, Methuen, 1986. 52. H. J. Laski, Political Thought from Locke to Bentham, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1920. 53. P. Laslett, John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1960. 54. R. B. Levinson, In Defense of Plato, Cambridge Massachusetts, Harvard University Press,1953. 55. C. B.

Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism: Hobbes to Locke,Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1973. 56. K. Martin, French Liberal Thought in the Eighteenth Century, New York, New York University Press, 1954. 57. A. MacIntyre, A Short History of Ethics, New York, Macmillan, 1971. 58. C. C. Maxey, Political Philosophies, New York, Macmillan, 1948. 59. C. H. McIlwain, The Growth of Political Thought in the West, New York, Macmillan, 1932. 60. D. McLellan, Karl Marx: The First 100 Years, London, Fontana, 1983. 61. K. R. Minogue, Hobbes’ Leviathan, New York, Everyman’s Library 1977.

62. J. B. Morall, Political Thought in Medieval Times, New York, Harper Torchbooks, 1958. 63. S. Mukherjee and S. Ramaswamy, A History of Political Thought: Plato to Marx, New Delhi, Prentice Hall, 1999. 64. R. G. Mulgan, Aristotle’s Political Theory: An Introduction for Students of Political Theory,Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1977. 65. R. L. Nettleship, Lectures on Plato’s Republic, London, Macmillan, 1967. 66. M. Oakeshott, Hobbes on Civil Association, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1975. 67. S. M. Okin, Women in Western Political Thought, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1979. 68. C.

Pateman, The Disorder of Women, Cambridge, Polity Press, 1993. 69. H. F. Pitkin, The Concept of Representation, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1967. 70. ————, Fortune is a Woman: Gender and Politics in the thought of Niccolo Machiavelli,Berkeley, University of California Press, 1984. 71. J. Plamentaz, Man and Society 2 Vols. , London, Longman, 1963. 72. J. G. A Pocock, The Machiavellian Moment: Florentine Republic Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1971. 73. Sir K. R. Popper, The Open Society and its Enemies 2 Vols. , London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1945.

74. P. Riley, Will and Legitimacy, Cambridge Massachusettes, Harvard University Press, 1980. 75. A. Ryan, J. S. Mill, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974. 76. B. Russell, History of Western Philosophy, London, George Allen and Unwin, 1961. 77. G. H. Sabine, History of Political Theory, 4th edn. , revised by T. L. Thorson, New Delhi,Oxford and IBH, 1973. 78. A. Saxonhouse, Women in the History of Political Thought: Ancient Greece to Machiavelli,New York, Praegar, 1985. 79. M. L. Shanley, and C. Pateman, Feminist Interpretation and Political Theory, Cambridge, Polity, 1991. 80. M. Q.

Sibley, Political Ideas and Ideologies, New Delhi, Surjeet Publications, 1981. 81. T. A. Sinclair, A History of Greek Political Thought, London, Routledge, 1951. Q. Skinner, The Foundations of Modern Political Thought, 2 Volumes, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990. 82. S. B. Smith, Hegel’s Critique of Liberalism, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1989. 83. Sir L. Stephen, History of English Thought in the 18th Century 2 Vols. , London, London School of Economics and Political Science, 1902. 84. L. Strauss, The Political Philosophy of Hobbes: Its Basis and Genesis, Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1936.

85. ————, Thoughts on Machiavelli, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1958. 86. ————, Studies in Platonic Political Philosophy, Chicago, Chicago University Press, 1964. 87. J. L. Talmon, The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy and Political Messianism: The Romantic Phase, London, Secker and Warburg, 1960. 88. T. L. Thorson, Plato: Totalitarian or Democrat, Englewood Cliffs NJ, Prentice Hall, 1963. 89. J. Tully, A Discourse on Property: John Locke and his Adversaries, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1980. 90. C. E. Vaughan, Studies in the History of Political Philosophy before and after Rousseau, 91.

Manchester UK, University of Manchester Press, 1925. 92. H. Warrender, The Political Philosophy of Hobbes: His Theory of Obligation, Oxford, The Clarendon Press 1957. 93. N. Warburton, J. Pike and D. Matravers, Reading Political Philosophy: Machiavelli to Mill, London, Routledge in association with Open University, 2000. 94. S. Wolin, Politics and Vision: Continuity and Innovation in Western Political Thought, Boston,Little Brown, 1960. PS 11: Indian Political Thinkers (Manu to Azad) Course Rationale: The purpose of this paper is to enlighten the students about Indian thinkers from ancient to modern times.

It seeks to understand their seminal contribution to the evolution of political theorizing in India. It critically assesses their contribution and explains their relevance to contemporary times Course Content: Lectures 1. Manu: Life & Works ; Manu’s State, Theory of Danda, Manu’s Foreign Policy. (12) 2. Kautilya: Early Life & Works ; State craft, Diplomacy (12) 3. Swami Vivekananda: Early Life, Hinduism as a Universal Religion, Contribution to Metaphysics (08) 4. Tilak and Aurobindo: Early life, Tilak’s Religious ideas, Tilak’s Philosophy of Reform, Political Philosophy of Tilak , Indian Extremist Nationalism.

Aurobindo’s Early life & Works , Epistemological Foundations of Politics, Philosophy of Sate, Nation- Building (10) 5. Maulana Azad : Life and Works, Political Ideas (08) PS 12: Government and Politics of Goa : Pre Statehood Course Rationale: The course seeks to give the students an insight into pre-colonial & post colonial institutions in Goa. It provides the historical background and political evolution in Goa leading from the liberation to the pre state-hood period, focusing on both political leaders and the parties. Course Content: Lectures 1. Goa -A Historical Overview: Gaunkari system, Portuguese Colonial

period, Salazarist Dictatorship & Struggle for liberation. (10) 2. Issues of Transition: Integration of Goa; Ist Assembly Elections, Controversy over Political Future, Opinion poll. (10) 3. Emergence & growth of Political Parties: Indian National Congress, Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party, United Goans Party, Bharitiya Janata Party, Assembly Elections 1963-1984. (12) 4. Goan Politics: Union Territory Phase I: Bandodkar Government: Consolidation of Institutions, Phase II : Shashikala Government: Erosion of Bahujan Politics, Phase III: Rane Government: Emergence of National Parties.

(18) PS 13: COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT (Governments of U. K, U. S. A, Russia, China, Switzerland & France) Course rationale: This paper studies the major constitutions of the world by adopting a comparative approach. The constitutional and legal provisions, the ideological basis, the institutional arrangement and their social and economic background are to be explained, analyzed and evaluated critically. The comparative perspective enables the students to understand the differences and similarities between the various constitutional arrangements. Course Content: Lectures.

1) Importance of Comparative Government and Politics: Approaches to the study of Comparative Politics: – Systems Approach, Structural & Functional Approach, Marxist Approach. (12) 2) Constitutions : Evolution and Nature (U. S. A , U. K & CHINA) (10) 3) Executive: Prime Minister & Cabinet(U. K), President and Cabinet (U. S. A), President and State Council(China), Plural Executive (Switzerland ), Presidential and Parliamentary Executive(France and Russia). (14) 4) Legislature: Parliament(UK) , Congress (USA), National Peoples Congress(China), relationship with the Executive in terms of separation of powers.

(14) PS 14: Indian Political Thinkers (Gokhale to Ambedkar) Course Rationale: The Course seeks to familiarize students with the major contributions of the key modern Indian political thinkers. It focuses on their life and work and outlines their key political and philosophical ideas that shaped modern India. Course Rationale: Lectures 1. G. K. Gokhale: Early life & Work ,Political Thought (08) 2. Mahatma Gandhi : Early life & Works , Idealism & Ethics, Philosophy of Politics, Swaraj & Satyagraha. (12) 3. Jawaharlal Nehru: Early life & Works, Political Ideas, Panchaseel, Socialism & Secularism (12).

4. M. N. Roy: Early Life & Works, Roy’s views on the Russian Revolution & Marxism Radical Humanism & Scientific Politics. (10) 5. B. R. Ambedkar : Early life & Works , Sociological and Political views, Abdedkar & the Dalits (08) Readings for PS 11 & PS 14: 1. A. S. Altekar, State and Government in Ancient India, Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1966. 2. A. Appadorai, Documents on Political Thought in Modern India, 2 vols. Bombay Oxford University Press, 1970. 3. J. Bandhopadhyaya, Social and Political Thought of Gandhi, Bombay, Allied, 1969. 4. J. V.

Bondurant, Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict, Berkeley,University of California Press, 1965. 5. D. M. Brown, The White Umbrella: Indian Political Thought from Manu to Gandhi, Berkeley,University of California Press, 1953. 6. R. J. Cashman, The Myth of the ‘Lokmanya’ Tilak and Mass Politics in Maharasthra, 7. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1975. 8. B. Chandra, Nationalism and Colonialism in Modern India, Delhi, Vikas, 1979. 9. K. Damodaran, Indian Thought: A Critical Survey, London, Asia Publishing House, 1967. 10. T. de Bary, Sources of Indian Tradition, New York, Columbia University Press, 1958. 11. D. G.

Dalton, India’s Idea of Freedom: Political Thought of Swami Vivekananda, Aurobindo Ghose, Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore, Delhi, Academic Press, 1982. 12. A. R. Desai, Social Background of Indian Nationalism, Bombay, Popular, 1954. 13. R. P. Dutt, India Today, Calcutta, Manisha, 1970. 14. A. T. Embree (ed. ), Sources of Indian Tradition: from the Beginning to 1800, India, Penguin Books, 1991. 15. S. Ghose, The Renaissance to Militant Nationalism, Bombay, Allied Publishers, 1969. 16. ————, Socialism, Democracy and Nationalism in India, Bombay, Allied Publishers, 1973. 17. ————, Modern Indian Political Thought, Delhi, Allied, 1984.

18. U. N. Ghoshal, A History of Indian Political Ideas, London, Oxford University Press, 1959. 19. J. P. Haithcox, Communism and Nationalism in India: M. N. Roy and Comitern Policy, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1971. 20. S. Hay, Sources of Indian Tradition: Modern India and Pakistan, India, Penguin Books, 1991. 21. C. Heimsath, Indian Nationalism and Social Reform, Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press, 1964. 22. R. Iyer, The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi, Delhi, Oxford University Press,1973. 23. K. P. Jayaswal, Hindu Polity, Calcutta, Butterworth, 1924. 24. K. N.

Kadam (ed. ), Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, New Delhi, Sage, 1992. 25. R. P. Kangle, Arthashastra of Kautilya, Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1965. 26. M. J. Kanetkar, Tilak and Gandhi: A Comparative Study, Nagpur, Author, 1935. 27. V. B. Karnik, M. N. Roy: Political Biography, Bombay, Jagriti, 1978. 28. K. P. Karunakaran, Modern Indian Political Tradition, New Delhi, Allied Publishers, 1962. 29. ————, Religious and Political Awakening in India, Begum Bridge, Meenakshi Prakashanm 1969. 30. ————, Indian Politics from Dadabhai Naoroji to Gandhi: A Study of Political Ideas of Modern India, New Delhi, Gitanjali, 1975.

31. ————, Gandhi- Interpretations, New Delhi, Gitanjali Publishing House, 1985. 32. D. G. Karve, and D. V. Ambedkar, Speeches and Writings of Gopal Krishna Gokhale,Bombay, Asia, Publishing House, 1966. 33. U. Kaura, Muslims and Indian Nationalism, New Delhi, Manohar, 1977. 34. V. P. Luthra, The Concept of Secular State and India, Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1964. 35. V. R. Mehta, Foundations of Indian Political Thought, New Delhi, Manohar, 1992. 36. B. B. Majumdar, Militant Nationalism in India and Its Socio-Religious Background 1897-1917, Calcutta, General Printers, 1960. 37. M.

Mohanty, Revolutionary Violence: A Study of the Marxist Movement in India, New Delhi,Sterling, 1977. 38. S. Mukherjee, Gandhian Thought: Marxist Interpretation, New Delhi Deep & Deep, 1991. 39. B. R. Nanda, Gokhale, Gandhi and the Nehrus: Studies in Indian Nationalism, London, Allen and Unwin, 1974. 40. ————, Gandhi and His Critics, Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1985. 41. J. Nehru, Discovery of India, London, Meridian Books, 1956. 42. G. Omvedt, Dalits and the Democratic Revolution: Dr. Ambedkar and the Dalit Movement in Colonial India, New Delhi, Sage, 1994. 43. G. D. Overstreet and M.

Windmiller, Communism in India, Bombay, Perennial, 1960. 44. T. Pantham, and K. Deustch (eds. ), Political Thought in Modern India, New Delhi, Sage, 1986. 45. B. Parekh, Colonialism, Tradition and Reform: Analysis of Gandhi’s Political Discourse, New Delhi, Sage, 1989. 46. ———— and T. Pantham (eds. ), Political Discourse: Exploration in Indian and Western Political Thought, New Delhi, Sage, 1987. 47. S. Radhakrishnan, Eastern Religion and Western Thought, London, Oxford University Press,1940. 48. Swami Ranganathananda, Swami Vivekananda: His Humanism, Moscow State University Lecture, Calcutta, Advaita Ashram, 1991. 49. N. R.

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55. J. Spellman, The Political Theory of Ancient India, Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1964. 56. A. Tripathi, The Extremist Challenge, Bombay, Allied, 1967. 57. V. P. Verma, Studies in Hindu Political Thought and Its Metaphysical Foundations, Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1974. 58. S. A. Wolpert, Tilak and Gokhale, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1962. 59. G. Woodcock, Mohandas Gandhi, London, Fontana, 1971. PS 15: Government and Politics of Goa: Post Statehood. Course Rationale: This course seek to provide an understanding of the evolution of the political processes , structures & social.

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