Equality frequently throughout the texts Essay
Equality frequently throughout the texts
Equality is understood and implied differently by everyone. That’s why it is easier said than done to pin point what equality truly is, or else can be classed as. Thomas Mores ‘Utopia’ and Gorge Orwell’s ‘1984’ explore the issues of equality frequently throughout the texts, although it is the same theme that is portrayed, the way in which they do it is individual to their personal views and interpretations of equality, which is often effect by there culture and the time period of which was written. Thomas More implies the theme of equality throughout the book through the subject matter of labour and education.
Farming… is everybody’s job… ‘ The women and men both have equal opportunity to study a trade as well as functioning in farming. Furthermore, the Utopians all have the same working hours and hours of free time, building the people into an equal unit, contrasting to a status based capitalist countries. More eludes the sense of equality through the use of pedantic numerical figures, omnisciently manipulating the reader into believing in this all equal society without questioning, almost creating a semblance. More continues to reinforce the theme of equality by touching on the Utopians educational methods.
An illustration of this would be the fact that students are taught in mixed ability groups, there is no higher achy foundation or higher tiers. Utopians are all taught equally rather than individualising them through different intellectual ability. From the word go the Utopians are indoctrinated into prioritising agriculture. They are all required to study from a small selection of trades; this removes the ability to make individual choices making the utopians become psychologically equal. This is so the people do not became philosophical and start questioning their society, therefore they are all equally being manipulated.
More eludes equality through synthetically listing the trades, subliminally making us believe Utopians have a large choice of trades, when in reality there is a small restricting hand full that makes sure people are equal and can not gain status through their work place. Everyone is brought up to have equal aims working the trade that is essential to the Utopians survival. More successfully creates a constant feel for equality trough the repetition of plural pronouns; ‘… they all… everyone… ‘ The connotation of the lexical choices used suggest of equality and collaboration.
More never individualises anyone, an example of this would be the fact that during this passage Raphael never uses the names of the people this subliminally reinforces equality. Practicality is clearly an equal priority for the Utopians; ‘… essential to the public… ‘ They only practice trades that are essential to survival their clothing is produced based on practicality in the work place as well as every day functioning although this way of life sounds lifeless and boring nether the less Raphael seems to enjoy it; ‘… these clothes are quite pleasant to look at… ‘
Mores descriptive writing creates an image, a sea of people who are equal physically and mentally, the imagery produced create a feel of indoctrination the connotation of this passage, produced by the suggestive lexical choices suggest of a society were individually has disappeared so much so that even physically they are starting to look equal. Raphael continues to talk about clothing; ‘Everyone… wears the same sort of clothing’ This removes individual style and stereotypes from society, therefore no one has the chance to convey7 power or status through how they dress.
This however is a complete juxtaposition to the society More comes from; were people such as Henry the 8th, rely heavily on fashion to convey their wealth and power. However the portrayal of complete and utter equality is clearly ironical contrasted by the fact that Raphael then goes on to state ‘… they vary… according to sex and material status… ‘ This presence the theme of equality through the use of inequality. George Orwell’s 1984 suggests of an emotional equality by describing hate week; ‘… savage, barking rhythm… ‘ The military connotation suggests that the music’s purpose is to evoke strong emotion.
This implies that Big Brother aims to create unity of the people through emotional hate. The purpose of this would be to create an equal response from society as a whole making sure none question the meaning of hate week. Orwell makes us as the reader also feel the ‘hate’ by pace shifting the text through the use of a asyndetical sentence structure, causing the reader to read at a faster pace therefore, making us feel emotionally equal to the characters because the read to feels the tension and rush they seem to feel in the book. Propaganda is introduced through the use of branding;
‘… victory mansion… ‘ The mention of ‘victory’ items is a constant theme right the way through the book. The repetition and reinforcements of possessions such as ‘victory gin’ creates propaganda were the characters are equally subliminally manipulated. The characters are force to believe in the sense of winning there is no question of losing, they are so confident about the matter in hand. Furthermore this creates equality as they all have the same branding of products therefore know one can be classed as having a higher status or amount of wealth due to the branding they own.
This has the same principles of why the utopians wear the same sort of clothing, also in 1984 they have to wear the same overalls, removing any individuality for society making all equal. This is a contrast to Orwell’s society were certain branded items implied you may have more class. Orwell starts using metaphorical references to describe Winston and Julia; ‘… lay side by side on a stripped bed under the opens windows, naked for the sake of coolness. The rat never came back but the bugs had manipulated… ‘ Their nudity portrays a sense of equal vulnerability in which they both feel free and careless of their surroundings.
Furthermore they are both equally disobeying the rules of their society, both continuing to question the regulations, in other word Julia and Winston are unified and are equally taking a stand by no longer fighting their sexual animal instincts. Julia and Winston are portrayed as an equal force, they both have equal power over each other. The ‘bugs’ produce connotations of being dirty which is what society views on sex, this is metaphorical for Julia and Winston being scandalise and dirty. The ‘rats’ however represents humans natural animalised sexual instinct. The ‘bugs’ and ‘rats’ implied meaning contrast massively.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 8 July 2017
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