Energy output of Bioethanol and Industrial Ethanol Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 17 November 2017

Energy output of Bioethanol and Industrial Ethanol

Aim

The aim of this investigation is to determine which of the two derivatives of ethanol releases more energy, Bioethanol or Industrial Ethanol.

Hypothesis

The main compound in both alcohols has the same chemical formulae C2H5OH, and the other compounds are unknown therefore the Energy output cannot be calculated exactly by using standard bond enthalpies. However, as the main compound is known and the same for both ethanol’s the energy output should be very similar. Therefore the difference in energy output only depends on the compounds which are blended to the alcohols.

Apparatus

– Thermometer

– Metal can x2

– Draught shield x4

– Gloves

– Safety spectacles

– Heat-resistant mat

– Insulation card

– 100cm3 measuring cylinder x2

– Spirit burner

– Clamp stand

– Balance

– Matches

Substances

– E100 Bioethanol

– Industrial Ethanol

– Water

Method

The idea to do the experiment the way described is due to knowledge from past experiments and the IB textbook.

Follow these steps 10 times, five times for each alcohol.

Step 1: Measure 50cm3 of alcohol in a measuring cylinder

Step 2: Weigh and record the empty spirit burner

Step 3: Fill the 50cm3 of alcohol in the spirit burner

Step 4: Weigh and record the filled spirit burner

Step 5: Measure 100cm3 of Water in a measuring cylinder

Step 6: Fill the water into the metal can

Step 7: Set up the Apparatus as displayed (1 draught shield in each direction, south, north, west and east, forming a box around the apparatus; assure there are 2cm of space between the bottom of the metal can and the cotton wick)

Step 7: Record the initial temperature of water

Step 8: Light the cotton wick of the spirit burner

Step 9: Record the temperature every 15 seconds until the cotton wick loses its flame

Step 10: Weigh the spirit burner with the remaining alcohol to calculate how many grams of alcohol have been used

Varables

– Temperature: Temperature of Water will be measured before every experiment. The whole experiment takes place at room temperature.

– Volume of Water: 100cm3

– Mass of alcohol: 50cm3 filled in spirit burner. The mass will be measured before and after the experiment to figure how much has been used.

– Time: record every 15 seconds

– Concentration of alcohol: 1M

– Surface area of metal can which flame is heating up: same cans will be used and positioned at same place above the cotton wick to keep this constant.

– Length of cotton wick: 0.5cm

– Distance from cotton wick to bottom of metal can: 2cm

Hazard Warnings

– Industrial Ethanol: Highly flammable. Therefore wear gloves and safety spectacles

– Bioethanol: Highly flammable. Therefore wear gloves and safety spectacles

Chemistry HL – Plan of Investigation

Free Energy output of Bioethanol and Industrial Ethanol Essay Sample

B

  • Subject:

  • University/College: University of Arkansas System

  • Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

  • Date: 17 November 2017

  • Words:

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