This work that primarily emphasizes on the concept of wave as potentially powerful renewable energy source dedicated al those minds who believe that water is mighty and capable of serving the plan it well. They work diligently to test theoretical designs in the form of engineers, to right beneficial literature in the form of academic scholars and event to read and understand these implicit ideas with impressed as students. In order to generalized the direction of the world towards solutions to the constantly faced energy better.
We also dedicate this project to our families who showed innense understanding and patience during the completion of this challenge.
All praises belong to Almighty Allah indeed, who gave us the effort and strength to complete this strenuous task. Acknowledgement is due to NED University of Engineering & Technology and Feroze1888 Mills Ltd. for the support they provided us for the completion for this project.
We would like to express the deepest appreciation to our Project Advisor Dr.
Mubashir Ali Siddiqui, Professor, who has the attitude and the substance of a genius; he continually and convincingly conveyed a spirit of adventure with regards to analyze the task. Without his guidance and persistent help, the given task would have not been possible.
Moreover, we also want to acknowledge our family members, for the amount of patience and tolerance they showed throughout out the entire period of undergraduate study.
It is very important for companies to build their structure and align their organizational processes to manage energy with regards to economic and environmental conditions.
The objective of this project is to present a framework on the basis of Energy Management System (EnMS) in energy-intensive industries. The design of the process is based on the ISO 50001:2018 standard. The method is pretty basic, experimental, qualitative and properly oriented. It also emphasizes on the Plan, Do, Check and Act (PDCA) cycle. The process is described in a necessary way, arranging activities and roles to establish the concerned process. The design and implementation of the model allows to: analyze the EnMS as a process for understanding the activities; assist decision making in industries; automate processes undergoing in the organization; enable collaboration between the concerned personnel; allow alignment of the process with the strategy defined by the management; support the change with regards to the approach and assisting with the evaluation of the organizational potential to implement the EnMS.
Energy management is the systematic use of management and technology to improve an organization’s energy performance. In order to be fully functional, it needs to be integrated, proactive and integrated into energy procurement, energy efficiency and renewable energy.
An energy management system is a documented program system. Organizations can certify their energy management systems as recognized standards, the main example being ISO 50001.
Building an energy management system takes time, and as energy performance improves and attention shifts to different issues, it will continue to evolve.
Energy management must be adapted to the nature and scale of the organization. Energy management efforts should be commensurate with demand and the benefits gained
ISO 50001:2018 – Energy Management System – Requirements with guidance for use is a voluntary international framework developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for the effective and sustainable management of Energy. The goal of ISO 50001:2018 is to enable organizations to build continuous improvement in energy performance, required systems and processes. This document specifies the requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining and improving an Energy Management System (EnMS). The expected result is to enable organizations to implement a continuous improvement of energy using a systematic approach. Performance and energy management systems. It is estimated that this standard may affect 60% of global energy use.
The purpose of the ISO 50001 standard is to enable organizations to build the systems and processes necessary to improve energy performance. This standard applies to all factors affecting energy use and can be monitored and influenced by the organization. The ISO 50001 standard does not specify energy performance standards. It provides a common system that allows organizations to choose the performance criteria they believe best meet their requirements.
According to the definitions specified in the ISO 50001 standard, energy can be in various forms such as electricity, fuel, steam, heat, compressed air and renewable energy, which can be purchased, stored, processed, used in equipment or processes, or restored. . The primary purpose of using an Energy Management System (EnMS) is to enable organizations to improve their energy performance in a systematic manner, typically including energy use, energy efficiency and energy consumption.
The main goal of energy management is to maximize profits or minimize costs. It makes a lot of sense to reduce energy consumption. It reduces costs, reduces greenhouse emissions, and increases the brand image of the company. It also reduces the risk of energy price volatility and promotes energy supply security by reducing dependence on imported energy.
In recent years, commercial, industrial and government organizations have faced severe economic and environmental pressures. Economic competitiveness in the world market and adherence to increasing environmental standards to reduce air and water pollution are major drivers of recent investment decisions in terms of operations and capital costs. The investment cost of all organizations. Energy management is an important tool to help companies achieve their key goals of short-term survival and long-term success.
Energy management helps to improve the quality of the environment. The main causes of global warming is carbon dioxide. The equilibrium chemical equation for methane combustion (natural gas is primarily methane) shows that for every pound of methane burned, 2.75 pounds of carbon dioxide is produced. For example, by reducing methane combustion, energy management can significantly reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and reduce global warming. Commercial and industrial energy consumption accounts for about 45% and about 70% of the sulfur dioxide emitted by burning fossil fuels.
Fixed source emissions.
CH 4 + 2 O 2 = CO 2 + 2H 2 O.
12 + 4 * 1) + 2(2 * 16)=
(12 + 2 * 16) + 2 (2 * 1 + 16)
For example, 16 pounds of methane produces 44 pounds of carbon dioxide; each pound of combusted methane produces 2.75 pounds of carbon dioxide.
Energy management reduces the burden on power plants by reducing kilowatt-hours of electricity. If the plant burns coal or oil, the sulfur dioxide emitted by the plant will produce a lot of acid rain. Due to energy management, the problem of acid rain is reduced.
The implementation of energy management systems basically requires the systematization of energy-saving methods. In the long run, this means measurable energy savings and cost improvements as well as process efficiency. At the macro level, this helps to improve the state of the environment. The implementation of EnMS has many advantages.
Rising energy costs reduce overall profits – almost all companies have the potential to reduce energy consumption. By introducing an energy management system, you can save up to 10% in energy costs in the first few years of implementation by systematically identifying weaknesses in energy use and taking action. In addition, investments in energy-efficient technologies are cost-effective: investments in compressed air and pumping systems, as well as ventilation, cooling and material handling systems, reduce energy consumption by 5% to 50%9 and average production is less than two years.
Climate change has become a major cause of natural disasters such as floods and droughts. Even today, the impact on people and the environment is considerable. However, the consequences of faster temperature increases are more important, such as coastal and low island floods, desertification, and melting glaciers. At the same time as global climate change occurs, climate change must be local. Only when all households and companies work together can the adverse risks of climate change be mitigated. Therefore, effective energy management is an important factor in making a significant contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Resource efficiency in all areas, especially resource efficiency in energy, is a topic of much discussion in our time. Fossil fuel reserves are limited. Those who continue to rely on these resources are not prepared for the future. Effective energy management, new energy concepts and innovative energy technologies are key to successful operations in the market in the coming years and decades.
With ISO 50001:2018 certification, you can protect your environment by showing you the trustworthy operation of your company’s energy efficiency. Environmental requirements are increasingly becoming an important factor in public proposals, including climate-friendly procurement. From the perspective of buyers and suppliers, the energy management system supports the measurement of carbon dioxide emissions.
Since January 2009, energy management has been a prerequisite for energy-intensive companies to waive the Renewable Energy Act (EEG) fees. For companies with energy consumption exceeding 10 GWh per year (GWh) and energy costs exceeding 14% of total value added, ISO 50001 or EMAS certification is required.10
Energy management is critical to achieving the German government’s climate goals due to its huge savings potential. The federal government’s energy concept clearly emphasizes this. It stipulates that starting in 2013, tax benefits will only be obtained if the company contributes to energy conservation, such as equalization of energy taxes and electricity taxes.