Economics Essay Examples


Socially Responsible Finance and Investing
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Definition Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) is an investment strategy that brings out a positive change by considering both financial return and social or environmental good. Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) also known as sustainable investing and responsible investing and impact investing which creates a huge impact in society through investment. One of the common reasons for socially responsible investment is to ignore investment in businesses that involved in alcohol, gambling, tobacco, fast food, pornography, weapons and etc. and finding out companies…...
Identity Crisis in James Joyce’s Books
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James Joyce’s inspiration for writing came from experiences with his family and the town in which he lived. For example, Joyce’s father was a highly regarded tenor singer in Ireland due to that there was no steady income for the family upkeep. In addition, his father was also an alcoholic so Joyce grew up poor. He depicts this aspect of his childhood in the text when the narrator’s uncle comes home late and drunk even after being pre-informed of the…...
Money and Happiness: An Enriching Relationship?
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It is difficult to imagine our today’s life without money. We need it to buy living essentials, such as clothes and food products. And we also can’t imagine our life without happiness. Happiness is a complicated concept which depends on things that surround the person. These things can be both material and spiritual. And the theme of money and happiness is always relevant in our time. And most likely everyone at least once in their life asked the question "can…...
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Too Much Money is Bad
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Pages • 1
Too Much Money is Bad Everybody want to have money, and for many people in this modern capitalism world, money it can the first thing, and sometimes the only thing that measures success in their life. Money can buy power, can buy fame, buy time, and it can even buy a life. So money has become the first goal for everybody. Too much of everything is bad whether its too much or too little. In this case, we can say…...
How to Make Money Writing from Home
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You are not alone if you want to make money writing from home. The problem is that with so many people wanting to do it, not so many know how to do it correctly. There are many opportunities out there for writing from home and it is possible to earn a complete income doing so. If you have above average writing skills, then you will find many opportunities for you to make money writing from home. One of the easiest…...
Widening Digital Divide
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Customers are now able to buy goods from manufactures all over the world on their sofa. There is no need to go to another country to purchase a product anymore. One has just have to order on website, pay shipping if necessary and it will be delivered to the door step. This was not easy before e-commerce. People had to travel where the product was to buy and hence incurring travels expenses and accommodation. Reduction in cost of doing business Small firms…...
Wickes fraud scandal
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The analyse of the Wickes scandal The purpose of this report is to critically analyse the insight of the scandal, which occurred in Wickes during 1996 and also discuss whether the scandal was preventable. Wickes was first established in Manchester 1972 when it was launched as a joint venture between the US group, Wickes Corporation and another UK Building merchant. They are the leading UK Company of DIY merchants focusing on raw materials and suppliers for public and trade. Wickes…...
Wall Street
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The "Wall Street" movie The 1987 movie Wall Street which stars Charlie Sheen as Bud Fox, the film’s lead character, offers a picture of ethical dilemmas in the corporate realm. The movie questions the dynamics of the economic world, which tends to ignore ethical considerations in favor of material profit and advancement. This movie certainly raises a flag as a reminder that there are very real surreptitious occurrences taking place on a daily basis in the corporate world, and poses…...
The stock market
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A strong indicator of whether a company has succeeded is the value of its stocks in the stock market and its financial performance which can be seen in its Income Statement. Basedon the Income Statement and historical stock prices, it can be seen that something tremendously wrong happened in the implementation of its strategy.  In July 2008 Starbucks made an announcement that it plans to close 600 of its stores in the US (John Quelch, 2008, p.1). The announcement was…...
The significance of Guanxi
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There feelings of ambivalence towards foreigners some distrust and aloofness pulling against their attraction for material things which developed countries can offer, they can be enthusiastic about proposals and foreign products one moment and then the next turn defensive about Chinese superiority the next. Bringing these observations to light shows the complex nature of people from different regions. These observations are carefully recited by foreigners wishing to do business in China. They do this to attract and maintain good relationships…...
The Pirelli Group
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The Pirelli Group is one of the top tyre manufactures in the world, with headquarters in Milan, Italy, and 102 plants in 14 countries employing more than 51,000 people in 1991. The company also had sales and marketing presence in many other countries. They are major suppliers of higher-rated (performance) OEM tyres for the world's leading performance sport cars such as Porsche, Jaguar, and BMW. Pirelli is known for its tyres, but they are also the known as the second…...
The influences of financial crisis in Auditing
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The mission for effective auditing is the methodology of applying the procedural processes that identifies discrepancies that causes negative exposure as well as positive attributes that management can utilizes. The crisis auditing is more geared towards identifying the after-effects of a negative impact for a needed immediate response from management to issue a remedy that fixes the deficient. The important of information gathering and analyzing in the crisis mindset provides the auditing to successful account for internal departments role in…...
The economic diversity
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Alongside these measures, the U. S economists have fought hard to maintain fiscal and monetary policies that shall secure them from possible inflation occurences. The policies that were enacted became their tools to maintain sustainable growth and at the same time promote economic expansion while avoiding recessions (“Monetary and Fiscal Policy,” 2001). However, despite these measures and the strong influence that U. S economy has imposed on smaller and less powerful countries, their economy has slowed down. Their GDP rate…...
The Crystal Maze
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To remain a commercial viability, programmes should have an acute populist antenna. And the public's attention must be attracted by some quirky characteristic. As Mike Wayne pointed out: 'Under public service broadcasting, examples of the quiz/game show genre tend to foreground such values as camaraderie, for example, It's A Knockout and The Generation Game, or specialist knowledge, e.g. Mastermind or University Challenge, or physical/problem-solving skills such as The Crystal Maze...but the more exchange values permeate television, the more we can expect…...
 Technology Transfer
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Dependence of Developing Counties on the Developed Countries - Although it is seen that the Asian economy has become less dependent to the US economy, the recent global credit crunch has shown that Asian economy is not fully decoupled from the US economy. But since Asia has developed to levels never seen before in the world arena they are far more prepared to face challenges. For example, the recent initiative to increase international trade and investment to and from countries…...
Systematic price
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Securities pricing directly reflecting the information available at a given time form the foundation for the Efficient Market Hypothesis. Delineated by Eugene Fama in 1965, this theory has been at the forefront of financial economics in terms of theory, practice and discussion since its inception. Termed “noise”, Fama considered intrinsic values of political and social information extraneous to value in that no degree of certainty exists. In outlining his theory, Fama (1970) made a distinction between three forms of EMH:…...
SWFs invest in emerging markets
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Emerging markets With their strong growth as mentioned earlier, emerging markets are now very attractive as a place for investment. Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (Adia), a strong believer in the growth of such markets, is making significant investment, especially in Asia. The amount is known to be far greater than the amount of US biggest pension fund, as stated by Jean-Paul, head of Adia's investment strategy. Qatar Investment Authority 's (QIA) intention to expand its investment in Asia is another…...
Swaps Trading
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A financial reform bill is produced in Washington with speculation whether the new law would alter swaps trading once it is formally passed. This law seems to come as a relief to the banks which have had dominance on over-the-counter derivatives. This is so because, according to the new legislation, banks will no-longer use separate entities in revolving off derivatives such as interest rate (Mackenzie, 2010). Despite the fact that some commodities such agriculture, energy can be cleared, their derivatives…...
Strong market position
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Strong market position The Company has about 9,900 restaurants globally, giving it a strong market position in various products and markets. Wendy’s is the third largest burger chain in the world with a market share of about 13%. The company leverages its strong market position to gain economies of scale and increase its bargaining power. Increasing profitability: Wendy’s profitability has increased markedly in recent years. The company’s operating profit increased from $377. 2 million in 2005 to $452. 01 million.…...
Strategic audit
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Organization Mission and Vision. The company’s organizational mission and vision is not expressly stated in their website, although from their purposes and values, it can be asserted that Gap’s most basic mission is to make it easy for customers to express their personal style throughout their life. The company is, as quoted in their official website, ‘committed to serving the needs of our customers while delivering quality earnings and long-term value to our shareholders’ (Internet, 2008). Their vision is to…...
Social Capital
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The erosion of social capital remains one of the issues that need to be addressed by political and social scientists today. With the increasing diversity in different societies, the problem becomes more imminent as each one tries to conform to the norms and rules of society. In the end, by addressing these inefficiencies, better outcomes can be exhausted by individuals, groups and organizations which can boost efficiency in outputs and objectives. In understanding the definition of social capital, one must…...
Dickey Fuller test
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Dickey Fuller test For the Fractionally Augmented Dickey Fuller test, a series is classified as either fractional or I when over 85% of the results show consistency. In all fractional cases, d was non-stationary. FTSE 100 had 64% of the larger companies exhibited signs of fractionality, indicating an inefficient market. 32% proved to be weak form efficient, while 4% were indeterminate. Smaller companies proved 92% weak form efficient, with none proving fractional and 8% indeterminate. Contrary to expected results for…...
Size of units facilities
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Economies of scale Scale economies are based on the notion that large units are more economical because fixed costs can be spread over more units of production. The company may consider using a large unit of capacity in two cases: Firstly if the cost of building and operating large production equipment does not increase linearly with volume. A machine with twice the output rate generally costs less than twice to as much to buy and operate. Also, in larger facilities…...
Scientific Glass, Inc
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Scientific Glass, Inc.: Inventory Management What are the problems facing SG in January 2010? In January 2010, although Scientific Glass, Inc.: (SG) is emphasizing on continued sales growth and high customer satisfaction, there are some issues in inventory control. Inventory balances were seriously increasing and more capital needed for growing company’s operations. Then, company’s debt rose above its target to total capital ratio of 40% and it can be risk of SG’s capability to expand into new international markets. SG…...
Rising inflation
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High inflation is the major internal obstacle that constrains economic growth of Vietnam. Inflation should be kept in check and the budget deficit must be reduced to an acceptable level. Furthermore, in the future years, it will be needed to closely follow changes in production and prices in order not to over-stimulate the economy by means of an easing of financial policies, which might stimulate inflation. 3. Human resource policy With purpose to encourage foreign direct investment in the long…...
What was it really liketo work in a cotton factory?
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The Cotton Mill workhouse was an appalling place to work. The word 'workhouse' sent a shudder through any honest 19th century worker. The conditions in the mill were dreadful, just thinking about anybody working there, brought a shiver down my spine. To work in the 'repressive, soul-destroying workhouse', was like having their mother murdered on the day they turn twenty-one (in my opinion). Conditions in the cotton mill was of very poor standard compared to today's specified conditions. But to…...
Profits of the owners
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Evaluate the argument that managers controlling large companies might follow policies which do not necessarily maximise the profits of the owners. There is a divorce of ownership is the difference between people who own the firm who are the shareholders, and the people who control the firm the managers. The shareholders are investors into the firm and want the firm to make a profit so they receive dividends which is a share of the profit, they want to maximise their…...
The original affluent society in Sahlins Stone age economics
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  Interestingly, another misconception Sahlins covers is the perceived material poverty, apart from food and water, of primitives. He seems to challenge that people's needs even in the "non-subsistence sphere" are usually not many and without difficulty, pleased. He insists, "In their nomadic hunting-gathering life they carry their young children and belongings everywhere they go. They do not even want to carry one of everything. They borrow what they do not own" (p. 10). In this he argues, they have…...
Multinational firms
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Domestic companies Other significant reforms have been made with regard to the imports. Import tariffs have been reduced little by little, conforming to Vietnam’s WTO commitments. The tariff reduction plan forms an important step to assist the progress of the long-term planning of Vietnamese manufactures. A great number of quantitative limitations have also been removed. As a result, all domestic companies have now opportunity to import any products that are not subject to quotas. Foreign investors and private businesses are…...
MTM and its effectiveness
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Besides some literature review, to evaluate the impact of MTM, it is necessary a quantitative measure that can be related consistently with policy changes. Researchers use statistical tools trying to find a correlation between income and money. However, this approach is not free of criticism, “it fails to establish convincingly either that money “caused” output or the reverse” . In the same paper is asserted that evidence that money matters is because the Federal Reserve is able to change rates…...
Models of market selection
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Market selection is a set of stages which include preliminary screening which identifies potential markets as data for further evaluation and in depth analysis and identification/in-dept screening and final selection. According to Sakraya macro-level indicators are used to eliminate emerging markets that do not meet the objectives of the venture. Market size, growth rate, fit between customer preferences and the product and competitive rivalry constitute proposed screening criteria. Identification stage involves assessment of industry attractiveness and forecasts of costs and…...
Market ratios
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The company’s long-term capacity Solvency refers to the company’s long-term capacity to keep up it stability over the long term. Normally measured by the debt to equity ratio, with the formula of having the total debt of the company divided by its total equity, solvency should assure investors that the company will not just survive the short term but it must also have a long life to recover long term investments which takes years to produce the needed returns. The…...
Market Discussion
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The practice of selling old, damaged, recycled, obsolete or illegal products in markets outside of the US or Europe would present minimal problems in the global economy if managed correctly. The marketability and usability of each classification of products must first be determined. Definitions of a category may be different in various markets. Old product that is for human consumption may not be something a company would want to export. Quallity of product for human consumtion should not be minimized…...
Local economy
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As the economy of the United States continues its downward spiral, companies will continue to think of strategies to cost down on costs to keep themselves in the black, however costly it may seem. How is cost involved in the cost-cutting strategy of US companies? It is true that companies will always look for competitive ways to do business. But what are the factors that companies will ultimately be willing to sacrifice to stay afloat? And how long will these…...
Is Foreign Direct Investment Necessary for Economic Development
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The economic development is a classic word that we always hear anywhere because of highly demand of human being. This is primary that economic development could make any country the overwhelming power against poverty. On the other hand, the objective of the economic development is to raise the life-standard of ordinary people. Economic development in other aspects is the prosperity of the country as a result of the expansion of investment. Definition of economic development Economic development, according to Harvard…...
Investment banker
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The needs approach is a method that calculates the required life insurance needed by an individual or family to cover their needs. It basically answers how much will be needed to meet obligations at the time of death as well as the needed future income by the survivors to keep up the household. In the case of the Wright family, their total annual need is equivalent to $48,600. This value was determined by: 1. ) calculating seventy-five percent of the…...
Institutional shareholders
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The CEO and CFO maintain a dialogue with institutional shareholders on performance, plans and objectives through a programme of regular meetings. They both speak regularly at external conferences and presentations. Eighty-percent of its stakeholders are based in the United Kingdom but its operational base is in the United States where the largest pharmaceutical market is located. However, GSK shareholders have been vigilant and wanted transparency in the merging of GSK. The articles "Strings Attached" and "Strategy Clock" In 2002, a…...
Impact on Citibank
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Citibank - the largest commercial bank in the United States Citibank, along with majors like Lehman Brothers, Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley, AIG, Fannie Mae and Fannie Mac, has been devastated by the deflation in the housing market. Known for its aggressive growth strategies, Citi, the largest commercial bank in the United States, had taken enormous exposure in the real estate boom through off balance sheet investment entities. These affiliated but off balance sheet entities, which include structured investment vehicles (SIVs),…...
How to Write Articles for Money
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You may be wondering how to write articles for money. Writing articles for money is an opportunity that more and more people are becoming interested in. The idea of writing a simple instructional or informative article and being paid for it is something that appeals to many people who are interested in working from home. Writing articles for money is simply a matter of providing information or instruction to a reader and finding a place that will pay you to…...
Oracle’s Accelerator Program
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The startup space has seen a bunch of accelerators come into the picture recently. Names like Airbus BizLab, Microsoft Ventures, Kyron Global Accelerator and others, each have their own criteria for selection. The latest to join the brigade of accelerators is Apple, which plans to launch its own accelerator in Bengaluru. It's important for every startup to know how to go about selecting an accelerator for itself, which could further help it scale its product and get them into the…...
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How to Make Money Writing from Home

...These are just a few examples of the thousands of opportunities there are for writers. In order to be successful writing from home, you need to have some type of experience or connection you can make to writing. For example, if you were previously a ...

What was it really liketo work in a cotton factory? and other sources being my exercise book and the outline I was given for this essay. I would trust the evidence I based my description on because the reports I took my evidence from were taken from real peoples experiences and they must have been ...

How to Write Articles for Money

...Writing articles for money is different for each person, but what remains the same is that you have to find a market for the articles before you can make money from them. Selecting sites or clients who pay for articles is the first step in actually b...
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