Do Hybrid cars save you money? Essay
Do Hybrid cars save you money?
I. Introduction In this advance and progressive generation, the automotive industry also goes with the flow where it introduces a new set of cars that are phenomenal and timely for this present condition where everything is inflating specifically the fuel or gasoline that is being used to run cars. The automotive industry is able to come up and produces novel and extraordinary cars that can help the people lessen their expenditures when it comes to fuel maintenance and these innovative cars are called “Hybrid cars/vehicles”.
Hybrid vehicles have become the latest and hottest automotive craze in present years. The ground-breaking dual motor system of hybrid vehicle offers a new system that is no longer dependent on gasoline or fuel to run. On every hybrid car, it comprises two engines. The first engine is powered by electricity and the second engine used gasoline to run. The hybrid vehicle also uses its braking system that serves as source of energy that is deposited for the vehicle to utilize.
Even though these new innovations of vehicles are quite ideal but there are still many factors to be considered before every individual makes his decision. The individual must consider the pros and cons of these novel vehicles that must be looked at before an individual makes his final decision. Generally, hybrid vehicles catch the attention of those individuals who are environmentally conscientious because these vehicles are fuel efficient (see “Hybrid Car Pros and Cons’. Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge, pp. 234-237 vol. 4).
And because hybrid vehicles are operated by electricity and deposited energy, these would simply mean that hybrid vehicles utilize less fuel compared to an ordinary vehicle. At recent time, this new trend of vehicle appeals to the masses because of the increasing cost of gasoline plus the political concerns regarding the dependency of United States government on foreign oil, specifically on Arab countries where the oil comes from. The intents of this paper are to: (1) understand what hybrid cars/vehicles really are: (2) learn about the pros and cons of hybrid cars and; (3) figure out how hybrid vehicles work.
II. Background B. Hybrid vehicles Hybrid vehicle is a type of vehicle that uses “an on-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) and fuelled source for vehicle propulsion”. Hybrid vehicles are environment friendly because it pollutes less and utilizes less fuel because of its dual engine. The distinctive propulsion power systems could have common components. The hybrid vehicles saves a lot of money because it gives better fuel economy compared to a conventional vehicle because of smaller engine and run at speeds with more efficiency.
There are also other methods that can be used in order to lessen waste energy. The word usually pertains to “petroleum-electric hybrid vehicles” that is also called as “Hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV)” which utilize internal combustion engines and electric batteries to operate electric motors. Contemporary mass-produced hybrids lengthen or extend the charge on their batteries using kinetic energy through regenerative braking (see “Hybrid Cars”. New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6).
Moreover, hybrid vehicles consist of two types of engines that work together and these are the electric motor and the standard gas powered engine operated through a “rechargeable nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) battery pack”. It is believe that hybrid vehicle provides higher gas mileage and lessen engine exhaust emissions. Hybrid vehicles are predominantly gas powered vehicles having an electrical motor assist. There are hybrid vehicles that are qualified as “Clean Fuel Property” (see Baliunas, Sallie. “Economics of the Oil Alternatives”. P. 26. vol. Volume: 18.
2003, News World Communications, Inc. ). III. Discussion Nowadays, people used to pay much higher price for gasoline compared before. A powered-gasoline vehicle can normally drive no less than 300 miles between refueling and refueled quickly but stuck on a traffic jam. However, gasoline-powered vehicles produce air pollution and “get subpar gas mileage”. Moreover, electric vehicles produce less pollution but can only drive from 50 to 100 miles between charges. A hybrid vehicle composes of an electric motor, a gasoline engine, a generator and a set of batteries.
In a hybrid vehicle, the gasoline engine is smaller and utilizes advanced technologies to lessen emissions. The car utilizes, too, the engine so that it can increase power and efficiency. In addition, the electric motor can pull energy from the batteries in order to speed up the vehicle and then “return energy to the batteries” (see Chiapaikeo, Kathy. “How Things Work: Hybrid cars”. Volume 101, Issue 7, October 16, 2006). This would mean that the brake pedal and the gas pedal are both significant because the hybrid vehicle utilizes “regenerative braking” in order to recover energy and deposit it in the battery.
The picture below shows the components of a hybrid vehicle. A. Pros of owning hybrid vehicles Every individual would like to save gas and lessen the dependence of United States on oil from foreign nations and maintain the air pure and safe. And one way to fulfill that is to have a new hybrid vehicle. Moreover, hybrid vehicles have more advantages that disadvantages. Hybrid vehicles are: ?“run cleaner”. This would mean that it is environment friendly and lessen air pollution. Toyota declares that “their cars are up to 80 percent cleaner” compared to conventional gas engines (see “Hybrid Cars”.
New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6). ? environmentally friendlier compared to concventional gas engine vehicles (see “Hybrid Cars”. New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148). ? normally “get 8-year warranties on the hybrid vehicle system” (see “Hybrid Cars”. New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6). ? there will be “tax deductions/credits for clean fuel property” (see “Hybrid Cars”. New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6 ). ? if there are more individuals use hybrid vehicles, the oil consumption will decrease that will cause OPEC to lessen the prices (see “Hybrid Cars”.New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6). ?
In other states, “driving a hybrid vehicle earns you the perk of being a single occupant vehicle in the HOV lane, no more tickets” (see “Hybrid Cars”. New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148). In other words, hybrid vehicles have their own lanes that no longer require tickets. ? Hybrid vehicles are lighter compared to electric vehicles because the batteries utilized in the vehicles are lighter compared to electric cars (see “Hybrid Cars”. New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6).? the government promote these type of vehicles and because of that, they give tax deduction, “free entry to a car pool lanes, free parking” (see “Hybrid Cars”. New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6).
This promotion is sponsored by the overnment in order to encourage the people to use hybrid vehicles for economic and environmental reasons. ? can save money due to less “fuel consumption for vehicles” (see “Hybrid Cars”. New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6). ? If you have hybrid vehicle, you only go to gasoline station occasionally compared to your conventional vehicle (see “Hybrid Cars”.
New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6). B. Cons of Hybrid vehicles It is a fact that hybrid vehicle provides numerous advantages yet they are hampered because of their cost. Hybrid vehicles are very costly to construct because the maker needs to develop and set up two motors instead of one motor. In addition, hybrid vehicle comprises a regeneration system that is utilized when the driver breaks, gather the energy generated while the vehicle is about to stop.
These components are complex and expensive (see Brown, Lester R. A ‘Path to Oil Independence”. P. 55, Volume: 133.2005 Society for the Advancement of Education). Hybrid vehicles are: ? “If most of your driving is on open highway at high speeds, you’ll see little benefit to owning a hybrid” (see Brown, Lester R. A ‘Path to Oil Independence”). ? Your savings in gas takes you years before you get back the “additional cost of buying a hybrid vehicle” (see Brown, Lester R. A ‘Path to Oil Independence”). ?
If you have hybrid vehicles, you cannot achieve the claimed EPA fuel economy (see Brown, Lester R. A ‘Path to Oil Independence”). ? High cost (see Brown, Lester R. A “Path to Oil Independence”).?
It is risky in accidents because of its high volt wires (see Brown, Lester R. A ‘Path to Oil Independence”). Though there a number of disadvantages for the hybrid vehicles yet it is not strong as its advantages. Therefore, people should patronize hybrid vehicles for the benefit of our country, economy and environment. C. How hybrid vehicles work Hybrid vehicles work through an integration of an electric motor, a high-powered battery and a gas engine. The battery gives power for the electric motor and is charged again through recapturing energy that usually lost if it is coasting or decelerating.
The recapturing of energy is named as “regenerative braking”. There are two categories of hybrid vehicles in order to function and these are the mild hybrids and full hybrids. ? Mild hybrids- Electric Motor only as Assist The gas engine, in mild hybrids, gives the major propulsion and the electric gives assistance if extra power is required. In this procedure, the electric motor cannot function autonomously of the gas engine. The electric motor can produce electricity intended for the battery or may utilize electricity from the battery but not done simultaneously.
This technology is applied by Honda in its 2003-2005 Civic hybrids (see Mcnally, Ryan. “High Tech Hopes: New Transportation Technologies May Reduce Vehicle Emissions Only Marginally”. P. 30, vol. 29, summer 2003). ? Full Hybrids- Gas Engine and Electric Motor can operate independently The full hybrids have the integration of the gas engine; battery and electric motor in order that the electric motor can function independently if a number of conditions are met. Compared to mild hybrids, full hybrids are capable to produce and utilize electricity simultaneously.
This technology is applied in Toyota Prius, Mercury Mariner Hybrid, Toyota Highlander, Lexus RX, and Ford Escape Hybrid. Furthermore, the Honda Civic Hybrid pressed on into the full hybrid category this year 2006 (see Mcnally, Ryan. “High Tech Hopes: New Transportation Technologies May Reduce Vehicle Emissions Only Marginally”. P. 30, vol. 29, summer 2003). IV. My Opinion This new invention of the automotive industry really helps us save a lot of money because of its dual engine that can run even without a fuel but uses a battery to function.
Hybrid vehicles keep our country from being dependent from foreign nations that produce oil especially freedom from the OPEC. I personally like to have a hybrid vehicle because it keeps our environment free from pollution and it helps our economy, too, aside from the numerous benefits I can receive from the government as part of their promotion to motivate the people to use hybrid cars. The hybrid vehicle utilizes less fuel and this is the major mark. This type of vehicle is an environment friendly that releases fewer emissions compared to conventional vehicles that run on gasoline.
In addition, hybrid vehicles lessen petroleum consumption and increased driving-range even though you will not refuel or recharge it. Hybrid vehicles have substantively longer operating hours for every unit of petroleum in some conditions that the mileage-rated fuel efficiency amounts may indicate because of the reduction of idle-at-rest. V. Conclusion Hybrid vehicles are the most talk of the town in the automotive industry because of the benefits they provide. Generally, hybrid cars acquire twenty percent better mileage compared to conventional vehicles but it cost USD 3000 more. A hybrid vehicle is complex and costly.
It has two types of engines that work together. Hybrid vehicles provide drivers an efficient, innovative and affordable choice. The new hybrid vehicles have become a reasonable choice for consumers. Hybrid vehicles have a small fuel-efficient gas engine having an electric motor that supports the engine when speeding up. The electric motor is operated by batteries that will recharge automatically even you are driving. Moreover, this type of vehicle is tax and money saving. It is money saving because you seldom go to the gasoline station because of its features offered.
References 1. Chiapaikeo, Kathy.“How Things Work: Hybrid cars”. Volume 101, Issue 7, October 16, 2006. 2. “Hybrid Car Pros and Cons’. Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge, pp. 234-237 vol. 4. 3. “Hybrid Cars”. New Standard Encyclopedia, pp. 146-148, vol. 6. 4. Baliunas, Sallie. “Economics of the Oil Alternatives”. P. 26. Vol. Volume: 18. 2003, News World Communications, Inc. 5. Brown, Lester R. A ‘Path to Oil Independence”. P. 55, Volume: 133. 2005 Society for the Advancement of Education. 6. Mcnally, Ryan. “High Tech Hopes: New Transportation Technologies May Reduce Vehicle Emissions Only Marginally”. P. 30, vol. 29, summer 2003.
University/College: University of Arkansas System
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 21 April 2017