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Mercantilism was a huge part of the societies in the 1800’s. The trading of one good for another made a huge impact on the societies. The triangle slave trade is a good example of mercantilism. They would transfer slaves for sugar, and then go get rum, then repeat in a triangle. A lot of farming was happening during this time. Tobacco was a giant cash crop for the societies, and it was a huge part of slaves and indentured servants. The southern and northern had different ways they were producing and gettings goods.
Thus, northern and southern societies are different because the north was advancing in agriculture faster than the south. Even though they were farming some of the same stuff, there styles were a lot different.
Colonial Slavery was a huge part of the 1800’s. The triangle slave trade was one of the major parts, it would start with picking up slaves from Africa. From Africa, they would take them to the Caribbean and drop off half to pick up sugar, then they go to New England to drop off sugar and pick up rum, and then it would end with going back to Africa and repeating.
The slaves were very packed into the ships too, they would lay down and have others stacked on top of them to fit the most in. A long with this, Puritans believed in predestination which is they thought people were already determined to go to hell or heaven. They also believed that slaves were predetermined to go to hell by God.
Indentured servants were huge too, they would work for 4-7 years and helped the people who brought them over. For every head the owner would bring over to Virginia he would get 50 acres of land. So if they brought over 4 indentured servants, then they would get 250 acres of land including themselves. All of this was driven by tobacco, Virginia had great land to farm it, so a lot of people would come and bring indentured servants. Then slaves started taking over indentured servants because they were cheaper. In 1733 Stono Rebel happened and they escaped from South Carolina to Florida. South Carolina was farming indigo and rice which was another good cash crop that needed slaves and indentured servants. Colonial slavery was greatly influenced around the north and south societies, which really helped boost the agriculture and economy along with there machine technology.
Southern societies had great farmland in the gulf lands. Cotton was the king of the south and brought in a lot of people that farmed it. There were a lot of problems that came with cotton such as slaves. The more cotton that had to be picked meant more slaves people would buy. It’s been said that, “In 1850 only 1,733 families owned more than 100 slaves each”, that adds up to around 173,300 slaves! Also in the south, not everyone was living in mansions and had a great lifestyle. Stated in the textbook, “Only a handful of southern whites lived in Grecian Pillars mansions”, that shows that not everyone was making a lot of money. By 1860 more than 250,000 blacks were free, and to know that in 1850 there were at least 173,000 slaves not free, is just amazing. They paid their way to freedom by with earnings from labor after hours.They were kinda taking after indentured servants who served 4-7 years and then left. When Eli Whitney created the cotton gin, he thought that it would reduce the use of slaves. In reality it only made the market for them even higher because that meant that they can double the production of cotton and can make more money. Plantation slavery was huge too, ”Only one slave trader was ever executed, N. P. Gordon, and this took place in New York in 1862, the second year of the Civil War. Yet the huge bulk of the increase in the slave population came not from imports but instead from natural reproduction—a fact that distinguished slavery in America from other New World societies and that implied much about the tenor of the slave regime and the conditions of family life under slavery”. Their were about 4 million black human chattels their number quadruple since the booming of cotton economy created a huge demand for slave labor. Another cash crop they had was indigo. It was not as big as tobacco, but still had an impact on the economy. Southern farmers who farmed indigo, sold it for it to be used as dye for clothes and other dyed things. Another thing is, that the southern leaders hundred percent knew that Britain was tied to them by cotton threads. As said in the textbook, “ If war should ever break out between North and South, northern warships would presumably cut off the outflow of cotton”. They knew that they were the key flow of cotton, and if the south wanted to have a war about anything, that they would just cut off the transports of cotton. This was a smart threat that the south knew of and didn’t want to start anything because in their eyes cotton was king and the cotton gin was the throne. They thought South would triumph if the London government would break the blockade. For the South and North colonies, “Cotton was a powerful monarch…”, it controlled how they would act economically, politically, and how they moved.
Northern societies had a lot figured out and had great machinery. “The Western Movement”, this was the rise of Andrew Jackson who became the first president from beyond the App. Mountain’s. This had american people march westward. The North had a republic and they were still pretty young and new, “… as late as 1850”. The majority of the people were under thirty years of age, they were always moving and energetic. When they would move, it would always be west. The landscape because of them moving were making huge affects. A lot of the tobacco farmers would be in a hurry and just leave behind rough land. They would also have really high, “cane”, and they found out that when the cane was burned off that it became a pastor for livestock. Thousands, “…of destitute souls…”, left their old land which was known as “…the land of famine…”, and then came to “…the land of plenty”. Ireland had one of the best export which was population. They are apart of the diverse population in the America’s. In 1750, a couple of British inventors invented a series of machines, that was able to make a textiles at mass it later spread places. Irish women would work in the factories, and that eliminated the use of slaves, because women were finally working. The textile industry was one of the biggest industries for the North. A specific British Mechanic named, “Samuel Slater”, memorized plans from other mechanics and then went in hiding and escaped to America in disguise. In 1791 he started the new making of the first efficient machine for spinning cotton in America. It was still really hard for a slave to separate a bunch of lint from a little seed. That’s when Eli Whitney came in and made the, “cotton gin”, which was a machine that separated the lint from the seed. He thought this would stop the need for slaves, but it only made them more wanted. Now that they had all these machines, they could start having slaves pick even more cotton and produce it in mass quantity. Also in the North, they had good movement of product. They had railroads and steamboats which can transport goods faster than voyages, and another perk was that it was inland. They would use the erie canal because it went right through New York. The “Iron Horse” lead to the economy growing tremendously. In 1860 the “Pony Express” was established which was used to carry mail rapidly from Missouri to California. This invention made communication across the states much easier and faster. Before the pony express, it took months and even years to receive messages back from places. It really helps when battling starts, it was a good way to keep in touch with what was going on. The North had a lot better machine technology than the South.
Thus, the North and South had different economy, socializing, and political types. The North was more advanced in machine technology than the South was.
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