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Design of Fire Detection Robot With Image Processing

Paper type: Essay
Pages: 8 (1889 words)
Categories: Business,Career,Design,Fire,Firefighter,Management,Occupations,Project Management,Robot
Downloads: 10
Views: 476


We hereby, certify that we are the sole authors of this UDP project report and that neither any part of this UDP project report nor the whole of the UDP Project report has been submitted for a degree by other student(s) to any other University or Institution. We certify that, to the best of our knowledge, the current UDP Project report does not infringe upon anyone’s copyright nor violate any proprietary rights and that any ideas, techniques, quotations or any other material from the work of other people included in our UDP Project report, published or otherwise, are fully acknowledged in accordance with the standard referencing practices.

Furthermore, to the extent that we have included copyrighted material that surpasses the boundary of fair dealing within the meaning of the Indian Copyright (Amendment) Act 2012, we certify that we have obtained a written permission from the copyright owner(s) to include such material(s) in the current UDP Project report and have included copies of such copyright clearances to our appendix.

We have checked the write up of the present UDP Project report using anti-plagiarism database and it is in the allowable limit. In case of any complaints pertaining to plagiarism, we certify that we shall be solely responsible for the same and we understand that as per norms, University can even revoke BE degree conferred upon the student(s) submitting this UDP Project report, in case it is found to be plagiarized.


We take this opportunity to thank all those who have helped us directly or indirectly in making our projects live and turn it into a successful piece of work. Many people have contributed to this project in a variety of ways. Words are not enough to describe their support and faith in us. But still we want to thank all of them.

The Project would not have been successfully completed without continuous support, motivation extended by our colleagues who were always with us whenever we needed.

This was professional step towards the high profile careers in Electrical field. It was a great experience of exposing as well as learning lot of new things in Electronics and Communication Engineering. We are indebted to all those who provided reviews our tasks and we apologize to anyone if we may have failed to mention.

Last but not least, thanks to Vishwakarma government engineering college, Ahmedabad for providing us the platform to represent the project.


A fire fighting robot including a frame assembly and fire detection and extinguishing mechanism disposed on or within the frame assembly for ejecting a fire Suppressant onto a fire. The robot also includes a caterpillar type of drive including a left and a right endless metal belt or track with an independent drive unit on each side of the robot. The left and the right motor are provided for rotating the endless belts to move the robot in a forward or rearward direction. Retractable illumination and Video means for displaying a remote image of the area around the robot are provided. The aim is to detect the fire and its subordinate parameters like the temperature, humidity and some other parameters of the room or the closed environment. The primary aim also includes the tracking of the people in these fire occupied spaces with the help of techniques of image processing. The system developed would b sturdy enough to withstand the fire outbursts; to compensate this fire resistant material will be in use.


Project Summary

The proposed invention is an indoor fire fighting robot

Which has the capability to climb stairs and negotiate several types of floor materials inside buildings? It is designed to withstand very high temperature up to 700 Celsius for as long as 60 minutes using multiple thermal insulation techniques.


The main objective of this project is that it can communicate with trapped and injured persons inside the fire scene and can send back video and audio information describing the fire environment inside the building to the controller. Several of these compact fire fighting robots can be launched.

Problem Specification

The problem is that huge number of people around the world die in trapped environment caught by fire. Sometimes Fire safety team fails to collect the data of actual number of people trapped in a situation.

Brief literature review and Prior Art Search (PAS) about the project

In PAS section, there are various sections in the system like web search, research publication, feedback, vendor, patent search.

Web Search:

We have searched many websites for working of Fire-fighter .From that, we have learned how to design fire fighting robot and also to interface it with different components.


In this, Designer of FIRE DETECTION ROBOT WITH IMAGE PROCESSING is the vendor. He or she can sell this product to industries or other users.


It provides advance rescue measures to the fire fighting department. Also cost effective and is compact in size. Simple in construction and highly efficient as well as reliable.Patent search:

  • Fire fighting robots
  • Rovers
  • Fireproof crawler
  • Fireproof cars
  • Fire safety cars

Plan of Project

First two months:- Project study & Analysis

Next three months:- Software implementation

Next four months:- Close loop system

Last two months:- Hardware implementation

Hardware-Software Used


Arduino IDE

MIT App InventorThingSpeak APIHardware:

Raspberry Pi 2 Model B Raspberry Pi Camera Module Arduino Nano R3 Android device HC-06 Bluetooth Module

Ultrasonic Sensor – HC-SR04 (Generic)

DHT11 Temperature & Humidity Sensor (4 pins)

RobotGeek 180 Degree Robot Servo RobotGeek Continuous Rotation ServoDesign: Analysis, Design Methodology and Implementation Strategy.

Design Engineering Canvas

Empathy Mapping:

Understanding the problem of society is one of the biggest challenges for engineering student as till now they were making project on imaginary ideas. So the day 1 session was based on understanding and discussing the domains of the problem in broader sense which emphasized on interacting with the people of your domain area which included more of casual talk rather than technical session. And this is the story boarding canvas.


  • Fire brigade
  • Loss assessors
  • Survey assessors
  • Analysis wing


  • NGOs
  • Fire department
  • Private industries
  • Government research organization


We have done activities like understand working of our module.

Story Boarding:

We have listed the highlights of some happy and sad stories in the sheet below.


AEIOU Design Thinking Worksheets developed by Mark Basking and Bruce Harington is an interrelated framework that guides designers in thinking through a problem or scenario from a variety of perspectives. They are useful in organizing thoughts, observations, and ideas into distinct categories

AEIOU means:

  • A: Activities
  • E: Environment
  • I: Interactions
  • O: Objects
  • U: Users

This canvas is totally based on the observation.


Activities are goal-directed sets of actions. It includes the pathways that people take toward the things they want to accomplish, including specific actions and processes. The list of activities includes during our projects:

  • Ecofriendly
  • Detection of people
  • Video surveillance
  • Detection of parameter
  • Video surveillance


Environments include the entire arena where activities take place.

  • Fire occupied places
  • Residential buildings
  • Industries


Interactions are between a person and someone or something else, and are the building blocks of activities.


Objects are the building blocks of the environment, key elements sometimes put to complex or even unintended uses, possibly changing their function, meaning and context. The objects for our project:

  • Sensor
  • Resistor
  • Capacitor
  • Microcontroller


Users are the people whose behaviours, preferences, and needs are being observed.

Ideation Canvas:

An ideation canvas is a rough whiteboard where ideas can be stretched into any limits or dimensions. Ideation canvas is not aimed at finding solutions to the defined problem, but to define the best possible problem and stretch out its possible scope. The field is set and the overall agenda is to build the clones of the ideas and pivot them throughout the canvas so as to discover new possibilities.

The people involved in activities are:

  • Worker
  • Technician
  • Manufacturer
  • Engineer

The general activities are listed:

  • Eco-friendly
  • Detection of people
  • Video surveillance
  • Detection of parameter

The situation/location possible to arise:

  • Buildings
  • Schools
  • Offices
  • Factory

The possible solutions and its Outcome:

  • More efficient
  • Heat resistant
  • Better response

Product Development Canvas:

The reason the project is carried out and the intentions of the project group. The outcome captures what the project should lead towards. The result can be seen as a unifying intention throughout the project process. “What do we want to deliver to obtain the purpose? Who are the targeted users of the project? Who will benefit from the outcome of the project? Are there people in the project team who also represent the users?” All these questions were raised and resolved by the students in the product canvas.

Purpose of the concept being developed:

  • Detect fire
  • Save people
  • Detect temperature
  • Detect moisture
  • Video surveillance

The people who will use our product:

  • Engineer
  • Fire-fighters
  • Students



What should the user feel by using the product? :

  • Satisfaction
  • Easy to operate
  • Reliable

The Functions provided to the user:

  • Save people
  • Detect temperature
  • Detect moisture
  • Video surveillance

The components to be used by us for making our product:

  • Temperature sensors
  • Smoke sensor
  • ArduinoVarious hardware
  • Moisture sensor
  • Clouding component
  • Reviews and Suggestions by Customers
  • Difficult to install
  • Difficult to analysis
  • Unreliable
  • Reject, Redesign, Retain
  • Efficiency
  • High temperature
  • Structure
  • High resistance
  • Implementation


A fire fighting robot 10 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 has length of about 116 cm, a width of about 85 cm and a height of about 90 cm and includes a pair of caterpillar type drive units which include endless metal belts 11 and 12 and drive wheels 13 and 14 (FIGS. 1 & 2) and 13’14” as shown in FIG. The robot 10 also includes an outer housing 15 of galvanized steel or the like with a thickness of about 1.5 mm. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 a moveable nozzle 16 extends outwardly from an upper forward portion of the housing 15 but can be moved up or down to direct water or other fire Suppressant onto a fire. As illustrated in FIG. 2 the robot 10 also includes a light 17 and video means such as a camera 23 that can be extended upwardly to indicate the location of the robot and to show the area around the robot 10 as for example by rotating the camera about a vertical axis.

Summary of Results


With this model we will be able to provide refugee to the trapped people even in the trickiest situations of fire explosion and reduce the number of people losing lives due to fire accidents.

Scope of future work

We believe that there is still lots of room for improvement in terms of efficiency, productivity and reliability of our model and we are looking forward to it.

Problem solved

The main objective of this project is that it can communicate with trapped and injured persons inside the fire scene and can send back video and audio information describing the fire environment inside the building to the controller. Several of these compact fire fighting robots can be launched.


We have done this project to give something back to the humanity and the best way of doing it is saving lives of other people through our effort. We hope we succeed in our mission with this project.

Cite this essay

Design of Fire Detection Robot With Image Processing. (2019, Dec 17). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/design-of-fire-detection-robot-essay

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