Describe how physical and economic factors Essay
Describe how physical and economic factors
Bournemouth is situated in Dorset in the south of England, boarding the world heritage site, the Jurassic coast. It is Dorset’s largest city and is growing rapidly. Founded in 1810 and in 1851 was just a small village of 695 people, and in 2001 its population was recorded at 163 600. The council are expecting around an 11% increase by 2011. Bournemouth is an example of rapid coastalisation. I believe that the main reason why Bournemouth is an overcrowded coast is because of its physical factor; it’s on the coast, with a 7-mile long, sandy beach.
This means potential for stunning beach views, which has been attracting a lot of retiring people who are looking to downsize and move to the coast with out leaving to travel aboard. The warm climate is also a bonus, Bournemouth being the second warmest place in England, with mild winters expiring little snow and frost. This also attracts holiday makers, not just people who are looking to move, so during the summer seasons especially Bournemouth’s coasts become even busier as hotel, apartments bed and breakfasts and even campers come down to catch the nice weather they may not be experiencing at home, without having to spend a fortune aboard.
Bournemouth also has easy access to amenities, such as leisure centers, shopping centers, cinemas and theatres interesting people of all ages. The area also attracts commuters as it has its own airport meaning there is no such need to travel to other cities to catch a plane. It also means that if foreign people are looking to come to an English coastal area, it is very popular as it has its own airport and has beaches close by. During the 1980’s regeneration of the train station took place, and by upgrading the system, London is just 2 hours away.
Bournemouth also has great road links such as A35, A338, linking Bournemouth motorways with other A roads and the M25. Bournemouth is also renown for its pier half way between the 7-mile stretch of beach. As well as its stunning views of Purbeck hills and isle of white, it also has a wide variety of attractions, entertainment and retails. Despite being so popular however, Bournemouth currently has plans of regeneration certain parts such as the pier; a new spa village and they are also closely focusing on sports and leisure.
However despite the rapid growth of population verging on being a problem I believe that regenerating certain parts, which are aimed at attracting tourists, is only going to worsen the situation. There are also economic factors, which are making Bournemouth a crowded coast. There is plenty of spare land that is available which now has planning permission to be developed on and financial support is being provided.
This land will have houses constructed on, which means there will be an increase of the amount of people that live in Bournemouth adding to the forever-growing population. However wages are low but this doesn’t affect people who live here, as housing is considerably cheaper then the rest of the UK despite where it’s situated. This also means that people can buy more for their money and a standard 4-bedroom house will be relatively cheaper then if you were to buy one in Bath for example!
Bournemouth is also attracting the retired who are looking to downsize, but still get good value for their money. Bed and Breakfasts being set up as small businesses are also becoming increasingly popular for the older generation, because as houses are cheaper its easier to do so and a small income is also made by doing something which may just be a hobby. Previous brownfield sites have also be regenerated along with empty land producing even more housing.
This housing is surrounding old Victorian buildings and there has been debate whether not it is suitable to build new housing, as it is unlikely that it will fit in with the current. The reason why so many sites are getting developed is due to the demand for more housing. These houses would not be being constructed if there wasn’t a need, and as they have estimated the population to keep on expanding this extra housing is a must. Bournemouth is an example of coastal squeeze. This is when the city is squeezed between urban areas on one side and rural on the other.
But obviously new houses can’t keep being constructed on empty land, as before long its ‘green space’ with in the city and around will become significantly low. Bournemouth also has its own highly rated university attracting a lot of applications and students each year. Of these students, the majority who qualify are skilled graduates with a high degree. Bournemouth university having a good reputation interests more people in going, meaning that there are more students interested In going each year adding to the overcrowding.
A huge economic reason why Bournemouth is becoming crowded is due to the service sector including banking, finance and tourism has grown hugely with a higher demand for employment, the biggest demand being for financial. It was recorded that in 2003 18,300 people were employed in the financial industry in Bournemouth. Barclays, Portman Group and Abbey Life have their offices in the near by town of Poole, whilst JP Morgan Chase has a large office on the edge of the city, and smaller ones with in; employing over 4000 people.
Overall I believe that the main reason that Bournemouth has become a crowded coast is due to the first physical reason I mentioned, where it is located. With such good views and stunning beaches this was the main reason why people first moved here and is a key reason in why people still do. Along side with this there are also other factors but of which I believe have just grown and triggered from the stunning scenery. Being surrounded by other key cities such as Poole, it makes Bournemouth even more successful with trade businesses as well.