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What is emerging adulthood? : Emerging adulthood is the age period between a person’s late teens and early twenties. It is the time period in which those at the end of adolescence develop into adults. Why depression impacts emerging adulthood? : Negative effects carry on to adulthood and are hard to recover from. Why understanding depression is important: To decrease the risk of impairment and so others can offer better support What my paper will cover: depression permanently impairs your cognitive ability, restricts people’s emotions, causes social distance, and causes negative physical effects.
How depression affects cognitive domain: Depression impairs your cognitive ability to the point where your cognitive ability has only minimal, if any, improvement even after you recover from a depressive episode. Introduce and cite study: As (Kircanski, Joormann, & Gotlob, 2012) say, some symptoms of depression are difficulties in executive functions and attentional control along with fatigue and difficulties in concentration. (Majer et al., 2004) have a study that further compounds that fact.
Subjects of study: 73 depressed patients, diagnosed by a trained psychiatrist, of both genders and of a wide range of ages were tested in regard to their attention and executive tasks. 6 months after the study, 19 patients who recovered from their depression were tested again, 9 of which who had relapsed into their depression.
There were twelve cognitive tests that lasted on average one to five hours. Some tests measured alertness, others measured attention, and others memory. There were only two tests — the digit span forward, which measured short-term memory, and the Stroop test, which measured selective attention — that the patients’ cognitive abilities were normal.
The digit span forward test showed that 21% of patients were impaired while the Stroop test showed that 9% of patients were impaired. Patients performed lower than the standard in almost all cognitive tasks. There is often no complete recovery after cognitive impairment.
After discharging them, the patients were tested again with the same tests. Results showed that this time less of the patients were cognitively impaired in most tests. It was less clear that patients had cognitive impairments, though their cognitive ability was still abnormal. In one of the tests, the Trail-making test, about 33% were impaired. In the second Trail-making test, about 24% were impaired. The digit span forward and Stroop test also showed less cognitively impaired people, being reduced from 21% and 9% to roughly 14% and 2% respectively.
Key points: Patients performed lower than the standard in almost all cognitive tasks. They were still cognitively impaired even after discharge.
Key finds: The digit span forward test showed that 21% of patients were impaired while the Stroop test showed that 9% of patients were impaired. However, those were the only tests that had a low percentage of cognitively impaired people.
Transition: Depression not only impairs the cognitive domain but also the emotional domain as well.
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