Deontology vs Utilitarianism Ethics

The theory of deontology is originated from the writings of German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Kant specified that a doctrine needs to supply the basis for each act, and that the intention was of more significance than the outcome. Deontology is a duty-based ethical position, where one’s actions are based on what is fairly correct, despite the effects (Porche, 2004). Deontological theories hold that actions are morally right are those in accordance with certain guidelines and tasks, rights or maxims.

Actions can be morally required, permitted, or prohibited and effects do not matter.

In deontology objective is pertinent. A person is right in acting specific way just if this individual acts for the ideal factor. Examples of deontological rules are Divine Command Theory, Principle, Natural Law and Rights Theories, Kantian Ethics, The Non-Aggression Concept. Deontological theories hold that an action’s rightness or wrongness depends on its conformity to a specific ethical norm, despite the consequences for example best vs good.

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According Motta’s opinion, the differences between deontological and utilitarianism is: “Duty-based ethics are often called deontological and consequentialist ethics are often labeled as utilitarian”. The site further explains that deontological pertains to theory of binding responsibility or duty. Such theories are also called “a priori” in that they are based upon knowledge gained prior to experience. No concrete lived-through experience is necessary in order to attain these duties deductively from reason.

If in deontology intention is more important than the results, Utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory that places the locus of right and wrong solely on the outcomes or consequences of choosing one action/policy over other actions/policies.

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As such, it moves beyond the extent of one’s own interests and takes into account the interests of others. In other words consequentialist believe the ends always justify the means, deontologist declare that the rightness of an action is not simply reliant.

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Deontology vs Utilitarianism Ethics. (2017, Mar 13). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/deontology-vs-utilitarianism-ethics-essay

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