Deductive and Inductive Reasoning Essay
Deductive and Inductive Reasoning
While reading both articles The Death Penalty Violates the Constitution of the United States and Cyberbullying Has a Broader Impact than Traditional Bullying, I found that there were both deductive and inductive argument presented with in the articles. On the first article about the death penalty, the author used inductive arguments to make his point. An example of and inductive argument in this article is “Furthermore, emotional impact, biased jurors, and discriminatory application of death penalty cases work to create a real risk of wrongful convictions. Therefore, a penalty more severe than imprisonment without the possibility of parole is excessive and violates the Constitution.” In our second article about cyber bullying I think the author used mostly deductive reasoning based off that he used some factual studies to support the answers and allowing truthful statements. However I also so feel that some inductive reasoning was used as well in this passage.
An example of an inductive argument in this article is “One can speculate as to why cyber bullying may feel more distressing to victims. The larger audience, the around the clock availability of digital media, and the ease of dispersing embarrassing photos or videos, all of these affordances may contribute to a larger and more severe impact of cyber bullying over traditional bullying.” An example of an deductive argument is this article is “As might be expected, given that most schools do not allow unstructured access to technology during school hours, being a victim of cyber bullying occurs to a greater extent outside of school compared to inside school.” Both articles showed inductive and deductive arguments.
Moore, B. N., & Parker, R. (2012). Critical Thinking (10th ed.). New
Yourk, NY: McGraw-Hill Stevens, John Paul. “The Death Penalty Violates the Constitution of the United States.” The Ethics of Capital Punishment. Ed. Christine Watkins. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2011. At Issue. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.
Uhls, Yalda T. “Cyberbullying Has a Broader Impact than Traditional Bullying.” Cyberbullying. Ed. Louise I. Gerdes. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2012. At Issue. Rpt. from “Is Bullying Going Digital? Cyber Bullying Facts.” PsychologyinAction.org. 2010. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 1 Dec. 2013.