Debate between Locke and Bentham
Debate between Locke and Bentham
In a parallel universe, Adolf Hitler was in a court trial for the Nazi party’s human experimentation, sterilization program and genocide during WWII. John Locke was the prosecuting lawyer and Hitler invited Jeremy Bentham to be his defending lawyer. Write a report of the trial recording the debate between Locke and Bentham and the court’s final judgment. Name: Ma Wai Ching Student ID: 10555573 Lecturer: Danny Leung No. of words: 516 Adolf Hitler was in a court trial for the Nazi party’s human experimentation, sterilization program and genocide during WWII. John Locke was the prosecuting lawyer who advocates liberalism while Jeremy.
Bentham was the defending lawyer of Hitler who advocates utilitarianism. The Nazi’s party’s acts are said to be torturing and inhumane. This report records the debate between Locke and Bentham and the court’s final judgment. ? John Locke argued that all people have natural rights. So, it means that all people have the right to life, right to liberty and right to property. Besides, the government role is to protect our basic natural rights and maintain social justice.
1 In what Nazi’s Party did in their human experiment, sterilization program and genocide, they had violated the human rights which are inappropriate according to John Locke. In the first place, the human experiments violated a large number of prisoners’ right to life and right to liberty, who are mainly Jews. They were also taking away their dignity. Besides, the Nazi’s Party neglected the willingness of the experimenters who were never informed consent. 2The one who were forced to participate are resulted in permanently disability or even death. For the sterilization program, the Nazi Party applied the eugenic policy to sterilize the one who is considered to be defective person such as mentally-ill, deaf, blind, etc.
They applied the policy to avoid the reproduction of one’s member. 3 Since eugenics and racial categorization were in the forefront, the Nazi Party also carried out genocide to deracinate the Jews. He did not only kill them but putting the Jews to die in agony. 4 Locke concluded that all doings which are done by the Nazi Party are said to be invading others’ right. Besides, the Nazi Party abused its power and hence violated the social contract and the social justice. To rebut, Jeremy Bentham argued that what Nazi Party did is just for the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
What the Nazi Party had done in human experiment, sterilization program and genocide are just helping the society to eliminate people who will not make any good contribution. Eliminating the one who is unproductive, it is also helping the government to use the resources wisely. The productive people can help the society in certain means like in economic aspect. When eliminating the unproductive one, it also means some burden of the society can be released. In fact, the human experiment enhances the discovery of new medical alternatives like transplant, vaccines injection, etc. which can also helped in the medical development.
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 17 November 2016
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