Cultures of the new world
Cultures of the new world
The new world that was referred to is world the Europeans discovered that was untouched by their civilization during there exploration ages and what is going to be discussed is how it all began, how they did it, when they did it and how it affected the new world in general. What was the situation before the discovering the new world? In Europe at the time there was unprecedented growth of urban centers and more people became poorer. There was rapidly the need for expansion to other areas. But the main cause had come earlier since the start of Black Death in 1346.
This period people in Europe were hit by waves of deadly diseases and also occasional famines coupled up by bloody wars. Death was bombing everywhere and thus the Europeans at the time realized that there is a priced possession and its better used trying too help in better living. The society become poor there was not enough food and even shelter for everyone to survive. So they became competitive people would now take more risks to get better life. They knew life was all so much a risk business so they would gamble even on their lives just to gain. (Claudio V. 1994)
So the men who risked to become discoverers or conquerors were mostly poor men born into poverty but gave their all to be living in success like Columbus was a weaver, Pizarro was a swine herd. But these men decided a lot or even went ahead as to kill in order to make it even though later on they died miserably or spent their sunset years alone. (Claudio V. 1994) They also need more land to settle and farm. The fertile land and expand colonies they also wanted to be part of the international trade by trading with Indians and Chinese in order to get commercial success that the aggression in the search for new lands.
There was a revolution of Christians looking to save more souls since the saw their religion was falling and Islam was spreading and gaining support and they feared it would overthrow their faith. (Muriel P. 2006) Situation during arrival With the discovery of the new world Europe’s had a chance to expand its colonies. At first they used the new world as a place to throw unwanted persons like criminals. Later they just took people to populate these colonies but life was not as easy as it seemed.
Within the first year of settlement half of the settlers died for one reason or another. Most locals of the areas now involved were converted and many were taught Christianity but increased hostilities made this harder to do so the Europeans and natives were involved in running battles but Europeans won due to their superior weapons. More indigenous people were turned to casual laborers to for them in their lands. Cultures were not supported by Europeans thus many cultures were lost or decreased to near extinction. (Goran B. 1994)
Living conditions following settlements The economy at the time was in a bad state but people had started discovering the new world and their hopes of having a better life were renewed. This is because voyagers came with foods, spices, timber, gold and silver. Suddenly the luxuries were more available since they were flooding Europe but as a result prizes begun to increase leading to the price revolution. It was a time when people with fixed income mostly landlords became poorer since prices increased while their incomes were fixed.
(Goran B. 1994) On the other hand those with fixed payments like those who rented found that they had less to pay even if the earned more now from there produce. (Muriel P. 2006) There was also introduction of new crops that had better yield. Europeans mainly grew grains that gave less than enough yield thus most people starved. But they got introduced to better yielding crops like maize and potatoes the plants they would not eat they fed there chicken or pigs so meat and eggs become common. (Muriel P. 2006)
With the introduction of other crops like beans, tomatoes, pumpkins their diet even more diverse leading to what scientist called the dietary revolution. (Goran B. 1994) Raw materials became more available with timber, and other materials being brought and were used to fed Europe’s growing economy was industrializing soon the land owners were quickly replaced as the elite by the manufacturers and merchants. (Claudio V. 1994) The European countries, which utilized these raw materials to manufacture, soon became industrial and financial powerhouses and still remain up to this day like England and France.
The discovery of the new world was good thing to them and they reaped all the benefits. Trade across sea had become the pillar of commerce and the industrial revolution was started later on due to the many possibilities and availabilities of raw materials most notable iron. But the native’s conditions unlike the Europeans were having a boom the natives were used only as laborers and no technological or industrial development was shared to them. They were left in the dark and they only started to be enlightened much later on when Europeans had already misused them.
But the natives later went on against the Europeans through human rights activism. (Muriel P. 2006) Works cited Muriel Porter Weaver (2006): Tlatilco and the pre-classic cultures of the New World: Claudio Veliz (1994): The New World of the Gothic Fox: Culture and Economy in English and Spanish Cultures: University of California Press Goran Burenhult (1994): New World and Pacific Civilizations: Cultures of America, Asia, and the Pacific: Harper San Francisco