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Cultural Relativism Essay Examples

A Defense Of Ethical Relativism

...In conclusion, I agree with Benedict argument of ethical relativism where she holds that people change their opinions and principles depending on the majority rule. I agree that morals vary with time, culture and environment. However, I do not agree that any practice is morally right or wrong depending on the majority. Benedict adds that the conception of the normal is accurately a variant of the notion of good. Behaviors will depend on the cultural norms. Ethical relativi...

Body Ritual among the Nacirema

...In the article, Body Ritual among the Nacirema, Horace Miner relates his piece to culture, cultural relativism, ethnocentrism, and conflict theory. Culture is defined as the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively. He wants to display the way Americans are really living their lives from a different perspective. The way Americans live their lives, so far, does not seem like it is going to change because we are all stuck in our same ways of living bec...

Response to "The Challenge of Cultural Relativism" By Rachels

...Here Rachels uses as argument the old belief that the earth was flat, which is wrong, to show that if you believe in something, it does not necessary has to be true. Furthermore, Rachels argues that some of the possible consequences of this theory are that we cannot criticize sadistic cultures. In this case, he uses the anti-Semitic example to claim that if cultural relativism establishes that it is wrong to criticize this kind of action because they are part of the cultural code, then the theor...

Louis Pojman Short Summary

...He states a variety of general ethical principles (ten, specifically, which may have a connection to the Ten Commandments or may just be a coincidence) that seem to be necessary to rid suffering, resolve conflict, and promote human flourishing. While reading Pojman’s statements on ethical relativism I asked myself where do we draw the line on deciding what is right and wrong. As a Christian it was difficult to read that some people believe in relativism and think that whatever they personally ...

Cultural Relativism

...Since there is no universal truth, there is no reasoning why a certain society is better than another. If we all would realize this it could lead to people having more open minds. We then can see that maybe what we believe in isn't the right thing and that we only believe certain things because our culture tells us to. If we were born as an eskimo than we wouldn't see anything wrong with infanticide or killing of the elders. These practices would be normal for us and they would be culturally rig...

Cultural relativism

...Reference: Bao, X & Xiang, Y. (2006). Ethics and information digitalization: Digitalization and global ethics Journal. (8), 41-47. Brey, P. (2007). Global information ethics and the challenges of cultural relativism. New York: SAGE. David, Wong (2006). A defense of pluralistic relativism. New York: Oxford University Press. Kenneth, E. Goodpaster. (1981). Relativism in ethics. New York: HBS Case Services. Martin, Gardner. (1950). Beyond Cultural Relativism. Ethics Journal, (1):38-45. Paul, F....

Fish Out of Water

...Communication is always the key, along with politeness and respect. Overcoming this particular feeling in events that may make you feel uncomfortable will provide a good opportunity to learn other cultures, traditions and practices that may be helpful for you in relating with people of the same cultural identity the next time you encounter them. It will also be a good opportunity to become knowledgeable in intercultural communication which is vital in today’s global society. Work Cited “Cult...

Ethnocentrism Definition

...The message that is present within the advertisement is that wearing Air Jordans makes you ‘cooler’ than anyone else not wearing them. This can too be applied to any other name brand item such as cereal. General Mills has a message out there that you get more nutrients from their cereal over any brand. This may also be associated with religious and different ethnic groups when one believes that their religion is better than the other based off of their own values and beliefs. Being ethnocent...

Stakeholder analysis

...Individual rights approach: The individual rights approach proposes that human beings have certain fundamental rights that should be respected in all decisions. Justice approach: The justice approach proposes that decision makers be equitable, fair, and impartial in the distribution of costs and benefits to individuals and groups. Question that can be asked when developing a code of ethics 1. Utility: Does it optimize the satisfactions of all stakeholders? 2. Rights: Does it respect the rights o...

Truth and Moral Propositions

...I don’t think there are moral absolutes because to be absolute something must be complete and because different cultures have different views on what is moral there cannot be an absolute moral Moral propositions are propositions about morality or those that have moral import. They are different from other types of propositions because they cannot be known to be true or false because they are not facts. I believe that according to the facts stated by anthropologist on cultural relativism, that ...

Moral Relativism

...This is an example of how different societies have different moral codes. Ruth states within her article how every society integrates itself with a chosen basis and disregards itself with behavior deemed uncongenial (Pojman). This means societies will choose their own moral standards and ethical codes and, disregard actions that do not lie within the boundaries of these moral standards and ethical codes. She goes on to say that our moral codes are not formed by our inevitable constitution of hum...

Moral Relativism

...Moral relativism undermines the possibility of a society being self-critical. Based on the definition of moral relativism we must judge every action in reference to its context. But if the rightness or wrongness of actions, practices, or institutions can only be judged by reference to the norms of the culture in which they are found, then how can members of that society criticize those norms on moral grounds? This dilemma make moral relativism a main means of bias for self-criticism; as a result...

Ruth Benedict: Ethics Are Relative

...Normally as we would say, relative to our societies, that the son of the house would take care of the parents in their old age, whereas in Thailand it’s the daughter of the house that takes care of her parents all throughout her life. These incidents made me believe and lead to a conclusion that every culture is based on their own set of rules, and regulations which they prefer to follow and are more easily adapted to people who follow the same rules and regulation of certain ways of leading t...

Cultural Relativism

...Cultural relativism is the principle that an individual human's beliefs and activities should be understood by others in terms of that individual's own culture. This principle was established as axiomatic inanthropological research by Franz Boas in the first few decades of the 20th century and later popularized by his students. Boas first articulated the idea in 1887: "...civilization is not something absolute, but ... is relative, and ... our ideas and conceptions are true only so far as our ci...

Anthropology

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Different Worlds, Same Stories

...In some ways it makes them stronger; in some ways it makes them weaker. But we should never look down on another people because of the way their culture molded them. We should all have open minds and respect for diversity. People can judge very quickly, but it takes time to understand how a culture truly operates. Ethnocentrism, cultural universals, cultural particulars, and cultural relativism are all basically just fancy ways of saying we are alike in some ways, we are not alike in others, and...

Concept of ethical relativism

...Because ethical relativism support that every culture in the world is equal, we can protect our local culture from the aggression of western culture and hegemonism. Conclusion: Through the above analysis, although ethical relativism has certain limitation, but different society has different moral standards and moral beliefs, and every social moral belief are all deeply influence of the culture. Ethical relativism encourages us to explore it. This enables us to maintain a kind of open mind and n...

Cause and Effect of Sleep deprivation

...Interactionism helps us understand that our mind plays a role in our how what our body does including why we eat or don’t eat what we eat. I love dogs, so I would vomit at the thought of eating one. However, once again this doesn’t mean I should hate someone that eats it as a dish at home. Being open and understanding can truly help because just as the conflict theory states that there is a power struggle between cultures, these cultures have the power to become knowledgeable of one another ...

Humans develop their thinking about morality over years They do it

...In conclusion, cultural relativism is a descriptive claim that ethical practices differ among cultures; that is, as a matter of fact, what is considered right in one culture may be considered wrong in another. While moral relativism, is the claim that what is right or wrong is what the culture says is acceptable or not. Moral relativists accept cultural relativism as true, but they claim much more. The plausibility of moral relativism is widely challenged; and it was questionable if there is a c...


FAQ about Cultural Relativism


❓ What is ethnocentrism and cultural relativism?

...I do believe that all people deserve to have at least basic human rights to safety and fair treatment--no matter what their culture commands. It is a reasonable stand point to not want to interfere with the systems of other cultures but, this is what ...

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