Crop Protection and Pest Control Essay
Crop Protection and Pest Control
“Plant protection” may be defined as all measures taken to protect cultivated plants against diseases, pests as well as competing weed and grasses. We – the staff of Kwizda Agro – always endeavour to support farmers with innovative andenvironment-friendly products to enable them to protect their cultivated plants against pests,diseases and weed and to produce on a more sustainable basis. Besides the best productsolutions, we also offer them know-how and advice. Agriculture faces tremendous challenges as the world population will grow from 6. 7 billion people today to 8. billion in 2030. Usable agricultural areas will, however, hardly expand.
In addition to food, animal feeding stuffs, renewable resources and energy crops have to beplanted on these areas. Plant protection products guarantee that these scarce resources areused optimally. They are therefore indispensable for ecological, economic and socialsustainability in agriculture. Modern farmers rely on “integrated plant protection,” keeping agricultural crops safe from pests, diseases and weed in an eco-friendly way and withoutdetrimental effects on health.
Chemical plant protection products form part of a modern, sustainably managed agriculture. They help to ensure the high yield that today has become possible thanks to efficient varieties, good supply of the plants with nutrients and innovative agricultural engineering. Without plant protection products, cultivated plants are defenceless against pests and diseases. Fungi, animal pests and weed competing for nutrients, water and light endanger agricultural production, diminish the yield and impair quality. The result: The supply with and range of plant-based foodstuffs is reduced.
The consequence: Prices go up and the supply with foodstuffs is threatened. If the use of plant protection products is reduced by 75%, the production of fruit and vegetables drops by more than 30%, the production of grain by 40% and that of oil seeds even by more than 50%. (Michael Schmitz, University of Gie? en, 2002). To protect agricultural crops in an eco-friendly way against pests and diseases as well as to safeguard the quality and availability of the foodstuffs, optimised chemical plant protection is required.
In the past few decades, the plant protection industry has developed products that have targeted effects, are quickly biodegradable and do not pose any excessive risks to human beings and the environment. “Pest control” may be defined as chemical, physical or biological measures taken to combat plants, animals and micro-organisms regarded as pests which infest flora and fauna as well as people, their homes, workplaces and storage rooms. The principal task of a professional pest controller is to keep our present civilised environment as pest-free as possible.
Despite comprehensive measures in the health and hygiene sector, pests cannot be exterminated but may only be reduced to minimum levels by taking well-aimed measures. Nowadays, we constantly have to “master” new challenges – in the literal sense of the word – due to globalisation in every-day life. SARS, bird flu or other global phenomena are spreading rapidly. As a pest controller, we therefore have to make a contribution to minimising modern threats to human life. Pests are always involved in all these diseases, plagues or epidemics.
From history we know the famous rat flea, which in reality spread the plague and frightened people over centuries. As a pest controller, we have to do our share on a daily basis to make sure that this will never happen again. At Kwizda Agro, we declare quality, environmental compatibility and the connection with people to be the indispensible prerequisites for our successful work. This is because, as a reliable partner of European agriculture, we want to experience secure growth together.
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 20 November 2016
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