Corporal Punishment Essay
Attention getter: Astrid Lindgren-author of “Pippi Long stocking, told a story of how she was young with her first child and didn’t believe in striking and spanking kids, although spanking kids with a switch pulled from a tree was standard punishment at the time. One day when her son was four or five, he did something that warranted a severe spanking-the first of his life. She told him that, he would have to go outside and find a switch for her to hit him with. The boy was gone a long time, and when he came back, he was crying. He said to his mama, “Mama, I couldn’t find a switch, but here’s a rock that you can throw at me.” All of a sudden the mother understood how the situation felt from the child’s point of view that if my mother wants to hurt me, it makes no difference what she does it with; she might as well do it with a rock.
The mother took the boy onto her lap, and they both started crying. Then she laid the rock on a shelf in the kitchen to remind herself forever: never violence. And that is something I think everyone should keep in their mind because violence begins in the nursery, one can raise children into violence. Relevancy statement: putting an end to corporal punishment will result in positive changes in behaviors of children with time Credibility: I have a whole lot of experience in child discipline as I have lived in Africa for 14 yrs. I have experienced corporal punishment from switches of trees, to belt slapping. Hitting or spanking a child will only teach them violence. If the child learns to behave, that’s for sure out of fear which is temporary. It is more effective to explain to the child why their behavior was wrong and devise a reasonable punishment Transition: Firstly, let’s look at what corporal punishment is, and its dangers. BODY
A. What is corporal punishment?
1. According to Susan Lawrence in favor of HB 1787, Section 1 of Chapter 265 of the General Law of some states, corporal punishment is the willful infliction of physical pain, including but not limited, to hitting, whipping, slapping, spanking, kicking, biting, poking eyes, twisting limbs, boxing ears, shaking “hot saucing”(putting hot undiluted Tabasco sauce or soap in the mouth), administering electric shocks, or any other unreasonable (Lawrence, 2005) 2. According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, 142,000 children are seriously injured from corporal punishment every year in this country, 18,000 are left to suffer permanent disability due to their injury. (Lawrence, 2005)
3. Violence breeds violence- 99% of jail inmates were victims of corporal children. Based on a study by Elizabeth Gershoff, “corporal punishment is associated with increased aggression” and “one study showed that use of corporal punishment to halt aggression increased risk for aggressive behaviors by 50%. (Gershoff, 2002) 4. Adults may not know their strength- according to Oley Kammetskiy of Credit News Digest, “Homicidal Deaths of infants and toddlers were usually the result of parental attempts to control child vulnerability of the child who is smaller than the attacking adult. (moroz, 2005) Transition: Corporal punishment of children is not only dangerous, but unethical, inexcusable, and morally reprehensible. B. Corporal punishment is unethical
1. If you hit another adult you can be arrested and sued, after all, so shouldn’t our smallest, weakest citizens have a right to equal or even more-than-equal protection under the law? After all, so shouldn’t our smallest weakest citizens have a right equal or even more-than-equal under protection law? (Kazdin, 2008) 2. So, is it right to use corporal punishment? The answer is a resounding no!!!! Parents, schools, faith organizations, and others, typically use corporal punishment when they themselves are without answers or solutions to correct or resolve a problem.
3. If corporal punishment is a good idea, why not use it in our legal systems to resolve traffic of violations, and other minor offenses? Why not use corporal punishment? According to Dr. Asa Don Brown, each time in our global community that corporal punishment has been made allowable and permissible, people suffered at the hands of individuals who lost control. (Brown, 2011) Transition: Now that we have seen how unscrupulous and dangerous it is, let’s look at its effectiveness C. Effectiveness of corporal punishment.
1. The child won’t repeat the behavior because they are afraid of being hit, not because they think that what they did was wrong. (Gershoff, 2002) 2. Instilling fear in children will not gain their respect; rather, make them feel lonely, sad, and abandoned. (Alam, 2011) 3. The child will still engage in bad behaviors if there’s no chance of the parent catching them. (Alam, 2011) 4. According to Slade and Wissow, white non-Hispanic children who were frequently spanked (five times a week) before age two were four times more likely to have behavioral problems by the time they started school. (Osofsky, 2004)
5. Straus and Paschall found that the more prevalent the corporal punishment, the greater the decrease in cognitive ability. Considering other studies, which showed that talking to children, including infants, is associated with increased neural connections in the brain and cognitive functioning, the researchers hypothesized that if parents are not using corporal punishment to discipline their child, they are very likely verbally interacting with that child, thus positively affecting cognitive development. (Osofsky, 2004)
A. Transition to conclusion: at this point, I hope you will agree with me that corporal punishment is just not the right way to discipline a child, but rather, explaining to the child why their behavior was wrong. B. So far, we know that, corporal punishment endangers the child, it is unethical, inexcusable, and reprehensible. In a nut shell, corporal punishment is cruel and not pleasant for children to bear. C. Memorable closing: American Medical Association, (1985): “inflicting pain or discomfort, however minor, is not a desirable method of communicating with children.”
Alam, S., (2004, May). Corporal Punishment is Unethical. Retrieved from http://nospank.net/n-u31.htm Brown, A. D., (2011, August). Corporal Punishment-Discipline. Retrieved from http://www.ccpa-accp.ca/blog/?p=956 Gershoff, E., (2002). Corporal Punishment by Parents, Associated Child Behaviors’, and Experiences. Retrieved from http://www.endcorporalpunishment.org/pages/pdfs/Gershoff-2002.pdf Kazdin, A., (2008, September). Spare the Rod-Why shouldn’t your hit your kids? Retrieved from http://www.slate.com/articles/life/family/2008/09/spare_the_rod.html
Lawrence, S., (2005, June). Testimony of Susan Lawrence, in support of, HB 1787 Massachusetts state legislature. Retrieved from http://www.nospank.net/hb1787b.htm Moroz, K.J., (2005, June). Psychological trauma: corporal punishment. Retrieved from http://www.mentalhealth.vermont.gov/sites/dmhfiles/reports/cafu/dmh-cafu_psychological_trauma_moroz.pdf Osofsky, J.D., (Ed) (2004) young children and trauma, intervention and treatment. New York, NY. The Guilford Press.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 2 November 2016
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