Economic development in Africa has been difficult for all of the following reasons except
a declining population.
The East African term for the people who have achieved a high level of financial success is
In his Arusha Declaration of 1967, Julius Nyerere attempted to
establish a system of socialism and self-reliance.
capitalism is the dominant economic system.
All of the following are problems faced by the capitalist government of Kenya except
chronically poor soil.
In the mid-1970s, these two African nations adopted a Soviet-style Marxist government:
Angola and Ethiopia.
The two leaders who ended the apartheid regime without major bloodshed in South Africa were
F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela.
In 1993, President de Klerk agreed with Nelson Mandela to implement
democratic national elections.
A stabilizing factor in this African nation is an unwritten agreement that allows Christians and Muslims to alternate terms in holding the presidency.
Which of the following is not true about the role of women in post-colonial Africa ?
Women have achieved considerable success in politics, becoming president or prime minister in several countries.
African culture has adapted to serve the tourist industry and the export market in the areas of
wood carving, painting, and sculpture.
This Nigerian author’s novel The Interpreters lambasted the corruption and hypocrisy of his nation’s government.
The tragic situation in the Central African states of Rwanda and Burundi was the conflict between
Tutsis and Hutus.
During the 1990s,
many African writers criticized the national governments and the local populace and not just their earlier colonial rulers.
The majority of the terrorists who carried out the 11 September 2001 attack on the United States were from
The one issue that has served as a unifying factor for all Middle Eastern Muslim states since the 1940s has been their
position on the Palestine question.
The formal establishment of the new state of Israel in May 1948
resulted in Arab denial of Israel’s recognition.
The Palestine issue included all of the following except it
was permanently and peacefully settled by the Camp David Accords.
As a result of Nasser’s nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956,
Egypt was attacked by the British, the French, and the Israelis.
For a brief period between 1958 and 1961, Egypt merged with what nation to form the United Arab Republic?
All Israeli governments have been composed of coalitions of several political parties because
the nation was composed of many political parties having diverse interests.
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
was established, originally under Egyptian auspices, to represent Palestinian interests.
In the Six Day War of June, 1967, which of the following is not true?
All Palestinians were driven from Israeli-held territory.
differed from Nassar, proving to be far more pragmatic.
The hopes for a lasting Middle East peace after Camp David were never realized, in part because of
Israeli’s policy of establishing Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank territories.
Which of the following is not correct about the events of the Arab-Israeli dispute in recent years?
The intifada of Russian immigrants divided Israeli opinion, ending peace efforts.
All of the following about the rule of the Shah of Iran before 1979 are correct except it
attempted to establish a purely Islamic society.
Since 1979, Iraq has invaded both
Kuwait and Iran.
The Islamic revival of the late twentieth century
has had a political impact in long-secular Turkey.
Following his election to the presidency of Iran in 2005, this radical issued a statement publically calling for the destruction of the state of Israel.
During the first decades of the twentieth century, women in the Middle East
were aided by the “modernist” movement’s efforts to change female statuses and roles by interpreting Islamic views in a manner closer to those prevailing in the West.
All of the following are true about the economies of the Middle East except
the socialist economies in the region have been more prosperous than capitalist ones.
In regard to the relationship between Islam and women’s rights, which of the following is the most valid statement?
Saudi Arabia has been the most conservative country in the Middle East in this matter.
The “economics of oil”
played a role in Gamal Abdul Nasser’s espousal of pan-Arabist ideas, as he wanted all groups in the region to share in the oil wealth.
The Egyptian novelist who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1988 was
Which of the following is not correct about the economies of the Middle East?
Most of the most fertile agricultural land is owned by peasant farmers.
The two Muslim states in the Middle East that gave greater rights to women before 1980 were
Turkey and Iran.
In his 2010 novel, To the End of the Land, which Israeli author writes of an ordinary Israeli family living amid constant conflict and loss, and was consequently labeled the moral conscience of his nation?
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