The topic I chose covers resources. There are many different types of resources that we depend on every day and it has gotten to the point where we need to start conserving more to save our planet.
To begin, resources are defined as the properties of a country in the form of wealth and goods that help one to reach what the person wants. They are dispersed all over the earth and each has a different importance or “job” so to speak.
Resources can be used to create wants and can be used to enhance the well-being of people. These are just a few of the examples of destruction that goes on in our environment. There are plenty of other damages the earth faces every day. The different types of resources fall into groups. The two main groups that we all know are called Renewable and Nonrenewable resources. That resource becomes renewable if it is a crop, comes from the forest, or an item that simply will not take a long time to grow.
On the other hand, A non-renewable resource is the opposite. It is a resource where it can take millions of years to form and are normally found deep down inside of the earth and are extremely natural.
Natural Resources are the substances that are supplied by nature and is what we use for survival on a day-to-day basis. These items have a high demand from a rapidly growing population. They are resources that exist without actions of the humankind.
It is Air, Water, Soil, the Sun, Plants, and even Animals. Most of these resources are renewable like Wind, rain and heat but the others are known to be very limited in supply and are not able to be replenished because they are so valuable and used for many things. To explain, water is the number one most used natural resource in the world. According to different study’s, only about 2 percent of the earths water is fresh, and even less than that amount is safe to drink from and cook with. The changes in climate recently have been lowering the supply of fresh water. Forest trees give us oxygen, provide food, and various types of economic plants that can be used for medicine. Minerals give us materials for industrial use, and Another main natural resource that we use is Air. We all need clean air around us to stay alive. Not only for us, but for the plants, and the animals as well. Many things pollute the air each day and most of us are not even aware. According to the “conserve energy future” website, there are different ways that the air is being polluted. It can be from things like Cars for example because of the gas that is used. The exhaust from factories because it releases carbon monoxide and chemicals into the air which damages the quality of the air instantly. And it does not have to be just the air from outside. Indoor air pollution is happening, and it is just as bad. This can be caused by simple things like basic household cleaning products, and even paint. Another Natural resource that is extremely important to our environment is Soil. Soil is composed of many different particles and nutrients to help plants grow. Soil is known to support all life on earth. When we hear about air pollution, we wouldn’t think that there is such thing as soil pollution, but there is. As of right now, there is a large threat to soil which affects us as well, the threat is the damage to the productive topsoil. Soil contamination is human-made and is typically caused by industrial activity, and improper disposal of waste. This type of contamination can send out toxic dust in the air which is not healthy for us to breathe. And the list goes on, this goes to show how important each resource is.
The natural resource list does not end there, we still have all our fossil fuels which are coal, oil, and natural gasses. Fossil Fuels are formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms. They can produce a lot of energy and take millions of years to form which is why they are nonrenewable. According to The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Corp. The United States gets 81% of all its energy from Oil, Coil, and natural gas. This is what powers our vehicles and heats our homes and provides electricity. Because we use so much of these resources and most of the time dispose of them improperly, these products have also become a very big ecological problem and contributes to the land and ocean pollution. This is something that will not last forever, so we really must start planning for the future. These are just a few of the examples of the destruction that goes on in our environment. There are plenty of other damages the earth faces every day.
This brings me to my next point, sustainability. Now that I have explained the damages that goes on in our environment, ways to stop it so that these resources are not permanently damaged, need to be discussed. Before we are never able to use these resources again. I will give some credit and say that slowly but surely, we are evolving to become more conservative with the resources that are granted to us, but we can defiantly do so much better. The make of smart cars has helped the environment a lot because it consumes less fuel and runs off more electrically than anything else. These cars were designed specifically to reduce the harsh impact on the environment. Another option that is around are the reusable bags that are always for sale at your local grocery store. We have these that way the plastic bags do not get thrown out and end up in landfills or any other parts of the environment which causes soil contamination. Plastic bags have been known to harm animals that end up in their environment. We must remember that we share this Earth and just like we would like our space around us a safe environment to live in, so would each animal. Having reusable bags posted as an option that way we are one step closer to helping our environment.
In my opinion, I wouldn’t completely cut out using these natural resources because we use most of them to survive on a day to day basis, so that would be almost impossible. But that is where the sustaining comes into play. We need to use just the right amount that way it does not harm are environment to much, and we do not run out that way there is enough to go around for everyone. There are a few different ways we can help our environment that does not cost a thing are simple, yet effective. Shortening a shower could save hundreds of gallons of water per month! Survey shows that running a shower for just 54 minutes is the energy equivalent of leaving a light on in your home for 14 hours straight. Turning the water off while you are washing your body is a great start, never leave the water running. Replacing light bulbs with energy-saving bulbs save energy and will even cut down your electricity bill as well. Survey also shows that just changing the light bulbs in your home saves up to 75% more energy and lasts longer. Wind turbines produce electric power and it is a clean fuel source. According to a research study at Kohilo University, Wind energy does not pollute the air and it will not produce atmospheric emissions that cause greenhouse gasses. The wind is actually a solar form of energy, for as long as the sun is around and the wind blows, the energy produced can be harnessed to send power across the globe. Wind power is also cost-effective, it is one of the lower-priced renewable energy technologies. Going back to what I learned from this topic in class, the three key ways to protect our natural resources are Reusing products, Reducing waste, and Recycling products. I believe that if everyone puts effort into doing these 3 things, the environment will become a safe place to live.
Reusing products prevents pollution, saves money, and most importantly saves energy. It is very simple to reuse a lot of products. You can carry a reusable bag around, use all sides of the paper and you can even make art out of old, discarded items. To reduce waste, the most effective way to help that would be to not create waste in the first place but to prevent this, you can “precycle” which is buying products that reduce waste to begin with. And avoid buying disposable products, that helps as well. Making a new product requires a lot of materials and energy. Finally, Recycling is what can turn a used product into something useful. It is one way to dispose of goods and get the most use from them. Things that can be recycled are Paper, Plastic, Bottles, Cans, and Scrap Metal. You can even recycle water! Recycling these items reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills and conserves natural resources such as timber, water, and minerals.
In conclusion, because we depend on these Renewable and Nonrenewable resources every day, we might not take the time to realize how important they are to us. We use these resources in many ways, especially in developed countries. But for the countries who are not as privileged as the others, that is all they have. In my opinion, we take it for granted. Without them around, we would not be where we are today. It is easy to not care or notice what is going on and what we are doing because of how often they are being used but it needs to become a habit of conserving as much as we can. As of right now, the Earth is not at its finest because of all the pollution in the air, the contamination, and the wastefulness that is going around. If this continues, we will damage these resources completely and never be able to use them again. As I explained, there are many ways we can help our environment. The key is Sustainability, using just the perfect amount can change the world. No matter how small your task may seem, it matters. If your environment is clean, it is essential for healthy living. It only takes one person to start a movement.