Congenital Heart Disease The Causes, Effects and Treatment of the Risky Heart Complication

Categories: Heart Disease

Congenital heart failure is a very risky heart complication that is also called the congenital heart disease/anomaly. This condition is originally attained at birth and has affected a lot of children in the USA and in the UK wherein every one thousand infants, nine of them have congenital heart failure.

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In most scenarios, it is not easy to scrutinize the patient and understand the actual cause of this condition. However, researchers and experienced health practitioners have identified some of the risk factors that may result in the development of the congenital heart disease.

These include the Down’s syndrome that is genetically passed on to the baby. This condition is known for hindering proper learning and physical growth of the infant.

Moreover, alterations in the chromosomal structure may probably result in the development of congenital heart failure. Another possible cause is the presence of the rubella illness in the pregnant mother. In case, the mother had the poor administration of medication to control diabetes (type 1 or type 2) nearly before or before pregnancy, she might put the baby at risk of contracting congenital heart failure. Many doctors believe that the defect can be caused by risky behaviors such as smoking tobacco and taking excessive alcohol. Additionally, if the infant’s mother and father have close blood relationships, then congenital heart failure may infect the baby during pregnancy [Lar93]. Another risk factor is the mother’s history to have suffered from obesity. According to statistical analysis, it has been defined that there is a direct interrelationship between obesity and congenital heart failure that is yet to be explained physiologically.

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The Turner and Marfan syndromes are other risk conditions that may lead to the congenital heart failure. Use of drugs such as lithium, hydantoin, and thalidomide during pregnancy are other probable causes of this condition. An individual is said to be suffering from congenital heart failure if he/she develops these symptoms: high breathing rate, rapid heartbeat, enormous fatigue, cyanosis and too much sweating. It is possible to notice these indicators as soon as the baby is born. For instance, the baby may breathe rapidly while feeding.

A heart murmur is a term used to refer to the sounds originating from the heart due to an anomalous structuring of the heart resulting from the congenital heart failure. This abnormality in the heart’s internal framework causes irregularities to the impact caused by the arteries and the chest cavity by the heart’s pumping force that results to murmuring sound from the heart. There are several cases in which these symptoms remain unknown or undetected for the entirety of one’s life. On the contrary, most people with congenital heart failure manifest the symptoms in full during later stages of life. There are two major classes of congenital heart failure that include non-cyanotic and cyanotic heart failures that heavily rely on the child’s probability of developing blue color [Hof02). Other types of this condition include pulmonary valve stenosis in which the valve on the heart’s lower right chamber is thinner than usual. A septal defect is another type that involves the presence of a hole within the heart chambers commonly referred to as the “hole in the heart problem”. This particular hole develops within the walls of the heart that divide or border the heart chambers.

Furthermore, the aortic and pulmonary valves, as well as the huge arteries, switch their positions in a process called transposition. Finally, the other type is the coarctation of the body’s core artery, the aorta, in which its diameter is lesser than usual. To treat congenital heart failure, it is exceedingly important to ensure that the child and the mother are well evaluated and tested to identify their respective heart conditions. This is done since the treatment of this infection heavily relies on this information. Less harmful defects do not necessarily require treatment since they can heal on their own for example, the hole in the heart. Surgical treatments may be conducted on patients with complicated and life-threatening heart defects [www1544). Due to the nature of this infection, it is highly advisable that the treatment is conducted both in childhood and adulthood by a heart specialist or cardiac doctor. This is done because the heart is extremely dynamic and complicated hence it may bring problems if not periodically checked.

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Congenital Heart Disease The Causes, Effects and Treatment of the Risky Heart Complication. (2022, Feb 12). Retrieved from

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