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Complex Construction Burj Khalifa

Defining the Complex Project

Burj Khalifa is the world’s first tallest building, a marvel of life, amazing artistic work and unreal engineering achievement. It is a unique instance of international collaboration, a symbolic attribute and an icon of the fresh, vibrant & prosperous Middle East. (Khalifa b. , n.d.)

The time span for completion of whole building was 6 years (Jan. 2004- Jan. 2010) (Khalifa B. , n.d.)

Complexity elements of the project:

  • Integration of aerodynamic shaping and wind engineering
  • Buttressed core walls and its linking through Link beams
  •  high performance reinforced concrete pile supported raft foundation
  •  Reinforced concrete cladded with high tech curtain wall: steel and glass
  •  Installation of glass fascia & aluminium at 512 m height.

    (Khalifa B. , n.d.)

  •  To endure the excessive heat during summer with the help of cladding panels. (Israel, 2010)

Use of construction rebar, as the Down conductor for lighting security

Upright concrete pumping at the stature of 600 m. (network, n.d.)

To place concrete from the ground level to highs above 1600 feet.

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(abraham, 2017) wind tunnel sample test to determine the difficulties in construction process against the wind. (abraham, 2017)

How is This Project Different From Linear Project’s

The linear project has a series of steps, predictable results, few well-defined phases and a certain length of time whereas complex project has ill- defined areas, end points, multiple interrelations between different stakeholders, may move targets.

Uncertainties and Ambiguity Associated With the Project

As the project is totally complex, there are certain uncertainties and ambiguity related to it:

  • There was an uncertainty that, how building will stand to extreme heat in the summer.

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    For this, an exterior cover was produced that consists of aluminium reflective glass and patterned panels of steel. (dubai, 2019)

  •  One of the critical pressures in the design and functionality of the tower framework was the wind force on the tower. The engineers came upon a decision to keep the shape in form of letter “Y” for strong wind circumstances.
  • The hot weather in Dubai presented a condensation and the structure released around 15 million gallons of water. A distinct tube system has been developed for holding a water tank in the cellar. (dubai, 2019)
  •  Wind load will be another structural challenge that will be encountered during construction building phase. (dubai, 2019)
  •  In order to overcome a hot climate, engineers was forced to mix concrete and ice and to pour it into the night time. (dubai, 2019)
  •  All aluminium used in the Burj Khalifa exceeds the complete weight of 5 planes. For this with the help of sequence of cranes, panels lifting is done and were mounted. (dubai, 2019)
  • It has a huge skeleton of reinforced concrete capable of supporting earthquake, but as underneath the foundations is all sand, & further deep it consists of sandstone and limestone not appropriate for structure assistance. The foundation depends entirely upon on powerful grip between soil & adjacent side of piles. Underneath the tower, 192 piles have been carried out in a depth approximately 50 m, supporting a solid concrete; 3.7 m thick raft. (Construction Project Management, 2017)
  •  The capacity to reach a safe place in a fire or other catastrophe is an important issue in the Burj Khalifa. (abraham, 2017)
  • In most high-rise structures the stack impact is a prevalent issue, the consequences of it is that the pressure increases at the bottom pf foundation & leads to formation of cracks. To prevent, several air ducts will be used to pump warm air outside from structure. (abraham, 2017)

Aims and Objectives

The aim of the project is to build a building that serves as a multi-purpose structure and making it the tallest building in the world. It is to make it a focal point of a vast mixed- use area with thirty thousand homes, 9 hotels, 6 hectors of park as well as lake of Burj Dubai. (network, n.d.). to highlight the building as one of the epitomes of time in the whole world. It focuses on density of growth and to provide direct links for connecting the public transport facilities. To reflect the Islamic & modern world architecture. (centre, n.d.) and to introduce the building industry urban engineering. (Chand, n.d.)


  •  To make a unique figure that is remembered till ages of its construction technologies and designability.
  •  The idea is to make such a building that accompanies multipurpose use as residential, commercial, tourist attraction, hotel, leisure facilities.
  •  To provoke new technologies that makes Burj Khalifa complex than any other building constructed till now and implementing new ways of techniques that has never been used such as
  •  High end Lift Introduction (Construction Project Management, 2017)
  • Reinventing innovative resources (Construction Project Management, 2017)
  •  To make it into a concluding skyscraper on the hopper of historical engineering (Construction Project Management, 2017)
  • Forming a blended type of structure between reinforced concrete & steel Framing and Adoption of an y-shaped scheme to improve coastal wind safety. (Essays, 2018)
  •  The Burj Khalifa comprises 160 floorings so to implementing a fresh construction technology known as “3 day cycling”- A technique to lift one tale each three days for the whole building. (Essays, 2018)

Stakeholder – Management and Considerations

As the project is vast, the stakeholders are in huge amount and the proper considerations of stakeholder is much needed to execute the project in timely and formatted manner & it’s a crucial for project accomplishment.

A strategic perspective of human & official scenarios is developed in a stakeholder’s assessment method & the connections and problems between the various stakeholders. (management P., 2018)

Stakeholder Management Aids to Recognize

Stakeholders awareness who can influence the scheme (management P. , 2018)

Possible project disruptive problems (management P. , 2018)

Main individuals for distribution of data during implementation (management P. , 2018)

Managing opposing stakeholders & reducing potential adverse effects (management p. , 2018)

Strategy for communication scheduling and stakeholder administration during preparation stage. (management p. , 2018)

Stakeholder Engaged in the Project Company Name

Owner Emaar Properties (centre, n.d.)

Architect Design Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (centre, n.d.)

Architect of record Hyper Consulting (centre, n.d.)

Project Manager Turner International LLC (centre, n.d.)

Main Contractor Samsung C & T Corporation; arabtec; Besix (centre, n.d.)

Consultant Hyper Consulting (Chand, n.d.)

Construction & foundation designer Baier and middle east foundation (Chand, n.d.)

Construction of Foundation Brookfield multiplex (Chand, n.d.)

Other Consultant:

  •  Monitoring of Building
  • Kinemetrics Inc. (centre, n.d.)
  •  Façade Far East aluminium works co. ltd, ALT limited (centre, n.d.)
  •  Fire Rolf Jensen & Associates (centre, n.d.)
  • Geotechnical Hyper consulting (centre, n.d.)
  • Interior Hirsch bedner associates (centre, n.d.)
  • Landscape SWA group (centre, n.d.)
  •  Lighting Fisher Marantz stone (centre, n.d.)

Outline of stakeholders:

  • Companies – 78 (Chand, n.d.)
  • Consultants – 16 (Chand, n.d.)
  • Contractors – 14 (Chand, n.d.)
  • Financial Institutions – 3 (Chand, n.d.)
  • Owners – 2 (Chand, n.d.)
  • Real Estate Companies – 2 (Chand, n.d.)
  • Sub- contractors – 3 (Chand, n.d.)
  • Supplier – 38 (Chand, n.d.)

Complexity Involved During Project Life Cycle Between Stakeholders

the project was supposed to be completed by 2009 but it got delayed about a year and finished in 2010. Also, if we look after the time and cost, project is measured a failure, but as far as quality is concerned, it is a successful project. There was an surge in overall height of the project by 100 m after the construction is started which led to unusually high cash losses. (Chand, n.d.)

the primary contractor Samsung engineering implemented new technology to meet the extensive usage of resources. As the building is 828 m high, the engineers had difficulty laying the concrete, so alternative way is founded to lay it at nightly. There was an unexpected economic tremor in Dubai, 2008 & due to this materials cost increased drastically. As a result, the contractors “Samsung engineering, Besix and arabtec” couldn’t able to pay the workers as per standard scale and it led to a workers strike in 2007-2008, that ultimately affected the cost of the project. The structural engineers spend a whopping amount in checking of wind tunnel testing as it was the most important one and frequent meeting were held for this between structural engineers and the client & contractor. Rolf Jensen & associates noted the architecture that there is less chance of evacuation above 63rd floor, but the plan remained same and the evacuation safety is implemented but it’s not that simplified form as it has to be . (Chand, n.d.)


  1. abraham, J. (2017, november 14). What was the major problem with the Burj Khalifa? Retrieved from
  2. caveman. (2017, february 16). Burj Khalifa Wallpapers. Retrieved from
  3. centre, T. s. (n.d.). Burj Khalifa. Retrieved from
  4. Chand, G. (n.d.). Burj Khlaifa Management analysis. Retrieved from
  5. CMI. (n.d.). Stakeholder Analysis and Management Checklist 234. Retrieved from
  6. Construction Project Management, H. B. (2017, 12 26). #7 Construction Challenges Faced by Burj Khalifa – The Tallest Skyscraper. Retrieved from
  7. dubai, K. t. (2019, januray 5). 5 challenges faced while building Dubai’s Burj Khalifa. Retrieved from
  8. Essays, u. (2018, november ). Analysis Of The Burj Khalifa Tower Project. Retrieved from
  9. Israel, B. (2010, januray 4). 10 Things You Didn’t Know About the Burj Khalifa, the New Tallest Building in the World. Retrieved from
  10. Khalifa, B. (n.d.). building a global icon . Retrieved from
  11. Khalifa, b. (n.d.). vision . Retrieved from
  12. management, p. (2018, october 5). What is Stakeholder Analysis? Retrieved from
  13. management, P. (2018, october 5). What is Stakeholder Analysis? Retrieved from
  14. network, d. b. (n.d.). Burj Khalifa (Burj Dubai). Retrieved from

Cite this page

Complex Construction Burj Khalifa. (2021, Feb 22). Retrieved from

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