His contributes to personality is based on the unconscious, which are thoughts, feelings or ideas that we typically are not aware of. He feels as if personality is structured through the id of a person, their ego, as well as their superego. His contributes are thoughts of how ones personality is developed. His theory is that ID is the collection of unconscious thoughts that we need to be fulfilled.
Often this is what activates ones ego. It is what controls our thoughts and gives us the satisfaction of completing that one desired fulfillment. Whether, this is in a preconscious, unconscious or conscious state. Last is the superego, which he feels one under goes throughout growing up.
He has contributed ways of blocking out and dealing with unwanted or unacceptable impulses through defense mechanisms of denial, and repression, which lists the most common mechanisms used. This is also through projection, identification, regression, intellectualization, reaction formation, displacement, and sublimation.Carl Jung (1875-1961)
His contributes are based on universal human thoughts, through personal unconscious. He breaks his theory up into two levels of “the unconscious; it contains the individuals repressed thoughts, forgotten experiences and undeveloped ideas” As mentioned from chapter 11 page 424 of personality. His theory is also known as collective unconscious, which are memories that have been inherited or from ones past. He also has contributes to Persona, how we are viewed by others. His theory is of the thoughts of how women (anima) view a man, and how a man (animus) views how a woman maybe presented.
This often causes one to become introverts or extroverts. His theory is that one can take on being both an introvert and extrovert, but one will always outweigh the other. He divides individuals into either rational or irrational individuals who generate on actions thoughts and feelings, or as mentioned from chapter 11 page 425 how one uses thoughts of senses” …through unconscious processes (intuition).” He considers that one develops tin mid-age opposed to Freud.Carl Rogers (1902-1987)
Has contributes to humanistic personality, which is a “theory that asserts the fundamental goodness of people and their striving towards higher levels of functioning”. Listed from page 431 chapter 11 of personality. His theory is that individuals develop through positive goals. He theories that one is placed here to fulfill and become what they inherited, In actualizing tendency; which helps us determine our self- actualizing tendency.
This is a way that we view ourselves and strives we take to become that individual. A fully functioning person. He also contributes to a how a person would normally become a certain way with unconditional positive regards, but can also get there with conditional regards.References
Chapter 11 of Psychology: An Introduction to Personality (12th Ed.)
“the unconscious; it contains the individuals repressed thoughts, forgotten experiences and undeveloped ideas” Page 424 ” …through unconscious processes (intuition)”. Page 425
“theory that asserts the fundamental goodness of people and their striving towards higher levels of functioning.” Page 431Part II
Choose three of your favorite television characters; past or present.
Complete the following matrix describing the characters’ personalities from the point of view of the three theorists, Jung, Freud, and Rogers.
1.Winnie the PoohRational IndividualFully functioning personEgo
2. SpongeBobextrovertActualizing ID