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In the story Lady Macbeth’s and Macbeth’s speech both seem to have some differences and similarities involving the killings that Macbeth and the murderers committed. Some of the differences in their speeches are how Lady Macbeth’s speech took more convincing to kill Duncan vs Macbeth convincing the murders right away to kill Banquo. Although Macbeth only had it easy because he had his wife as an example to get help with into persuading the murderers, otherwise he might not have been able to convince them enough due to the experience he had with his wife.
Another thing is a similarity in how Macbeth is always being persuaded into doing things due to the fact that he loves and cares for his wife and how he feared the witches prediction about Banquo becoming the future king of Scotland.
In Lady Macbeth’s speech one of the main rhetorical appeals she tends to use a lot is ethos. When trying to convince Macbeth she uses ethos by telling her husband it’s okay to be selfish and murder Duncan for his royal position.
When she tells him that, it’s only right coming from her because she’s his wife and should be leading him. She should also be a person Macbeth can trust on difficult decisions. So she starts to insult and betray Macbeth due to how he didn’t want to go along with the plan anymore, she had to find ways into winning him back into doing the deed that she had asked him to do.
Another way she uses ethos is when she says, “I would, while it was smiling in my face, have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums and dashed the brains out, had i so sworn as you have done to this.” And what Lady Macbeth is trying to tell him here is that she keeps her word so as her husband he should do the same and keep his as well since he swore he would do it.
Another rhetorical appeal she used is pathos when she said, “Was the hope drunk wherein you dressed yourself? Hath it slept since? And wakes it now, to look so green and pale at what it did so freely? From this time such I account thy love.” When Lady Macbeth says this I interpreted it as her talking down to her husband and telling him how his love is cowardly influencing to prove her wrong. One last rhetorical appeal that Lady Macbeth uses in her speech is logos because she tells her husband “But screw your courage to the sticking-place, and we’ll not fail.” What she is implying in this sentence is, if Macbeth puts the courage into committing the murder he will not fail, and if anything he’ll end up succeeding.
When Macbeth is trying to persuade the murderers he uses just about the same rhetorical appeals just in his own way. Like for example in order to persuade the murderers he had to lie and tell them that Banquo was responsible for their ruination and downfall. The reason he told them that, is because I’m assuming so the murderers actually have an interest into committing what Macbeth is asking from them. This is a similarity with the way that Lady Macbeth used reasons and started stating examples making Macbeth feel bad by saying that he’s a man and should man up, to only pressure him more into being more convinced. Macbeth uses Lady Macbeth’s strategy in this case to kill Banquo to help him out with the situation that he’s in but instead just to the murderers. So Macbeth in a way uses logos when he comes up with this plan and he makes Banquo seem like a bad person. Banquo fears that Macbeth played foully to gain his position and he starts feeling suspicious towards Macbeth.
In conclusion when you really look into both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s speech you can really see a lot of similarities and differences. Each of their speeches had all kinds of rhetorical appeals, especially Lady Macbeths. They both used all of their power and put it into all the convincing they had done with Lady Macbeth convincing her husband to kill Duncan and Macbeth convincing the murderers to kill Banquo. Even though Macbeth had a little help from his wife with all her strategies and the experience they had gone through before they both managed to get through their situations they were in.
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