Comparing World Religious Beliefs of Buddhism, Christianity and Islam

In the world today, we have several regions, different beliefs, and how it originated. Islam, Buddhism and Christianity originated from the sixth century C. E. and each had similarities in that the diffusion was attributed through missionary work and overthrown. The expansion of the Arab Empire in the years following the Prophet Muhammad’s death led to the creation of caliphates occupying a vast geographical area. Conversion to Islam was boosted by missionary activities, particularly those of Imams, who easily intermingled with local populace to propagate religious teachings.

These early caliphates, coupled with Muslim economics and trading and the later expansion of the Ottoman Empire, resulted in Islam’s spread outwards from Mecca towards both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and the creation of the Muslim world. Christianity spread through the downfall of Rome and Buddhism spread by Ashoka who sent monks to share the teachings of the Buddha. Christianity and Buddhism both spread through missionaries. Specifically, Buddhism, towards part of South and Southeast Asia and, Christianity the Middle East through Europe.

Buddhism’s missionaries were in form of monks that lived in monasteries and taught the Buddhist beliefs.

On the other hand, Christianity, was spread through the downfall of Rome by groups of missionaries, like Paul, that taught to European and Middle Eastern cities. The diffusion by conquest was different from Christianity than Buddhism in tactics used to convert the religion. German tribes such as Saxons, Angles, and Jutes were impacted by missionary workers in the Western empire spreading Christianity and overtime they adopted the religion.

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When the tribes invaded and dominated most of England, they made the people convert to Christianity. Meanwhile, Buddhism is stationed on the belief of non-violence. Ashoka was a Hindu when he was younger and after witnessing many bloody battles and becoming troubled by the effects of wars on humanity, he decided to convert to a life of non-violence. Ashoka being a king made him be able to adopt the religion of Buddhism and he sent monks to surrounding territories to share the teachings of Buddha.

Buddhism believed in nirvana and Christianity believed in heaven and hell. All in all, Buddhism and Christianity have many different beliefs and roots that each contributed to their diffusion. Islam, Buddhism and Christianity are today’s major world religions, but they each gained followers in many different ways. Spreading from Eastern Asia to Europe, these religions had influenced a variety of people and groups as they spread their beliefs. With the help of missionaries, they each continued to impact people from their origins to the sixth century C. E.

The Islamic state had universalizing religious mission to bring humankind under the authority of the religion espoused by the prophet Muhammed. They believed in the act righteously, setting aside false deities, the oneness of God, a belief that has remained central to the Islamic faith, and to care for the less fortunate-for the Day of judgment was imminent.

Thus, while one of the world’s most universalizing faiths would be born in a remote region of Southwest Asia, Islam was quickly in a position to take advantage of dynamic trade routes and to adapt imperial political institutions in Southwest Asia, the Iranian Plateau, and North Africa as it spread its faith and shaped its political empire. Christianity and Buddhism were laying claim to universal truths, spreading their faiths across wide geographical areas outside their places of origin, and competing groups now had to speak the language of universal religion.

In conclusion, Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity had several similarities in how they spread. However, they each had different roots and beliefs. Islam began inside Arabia, despite its remoteness and sparse population, in the sixth century CE, Buddhism began in India in the late sixth century B. C. E, while Christianity began several centuries later in Israel and started spreading from Jerusalem. Buddhism shared some beliefs with Hinduism and soon became rooted in China. Meanwhile, Christianity shared roots with Judaism and Islam. While both religions spread with the help of missionaries, Christianity also spread when Constantine converted.

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Comparing World Religious Beliefs of Buddhism, Christianity and Islam. (2020, Nov 15). Retrieved from

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