Poetry has been around for a long time. As the years go by poetry adapts to the time period. However, the authors have different views. Majority of them will read and enjoy all types of poem, but they have their own opinions. The new, has to be truly unique to the author and to the time period.like, poem ‘Alone’ by Edgar Allan Poe and ‘sendiri’ by M.Boniex Nurwega. New Criticism is always used in analyzing poem, especially lyric poetry.
New Critism called themselves as the first one in understanding a piece of art in criticism. New Criticism generally concentrates on meaning as well as the formal aspects of a text. In their idea, literature always refers to phenomenon in external, in real world or experiences of human being. It never questions the reality of external world and doesn’t represent language as an expertise. “. New Criticism, post-World War I school of Anglo-American literary critical theory that insisted on the intrinsic value of a work of art and focused attention on the individual work alone as an independent unit of meaning.
New criticism was a formalist movement in literary theory that dominated American literary critisism in the middle decades of the 20th century. It emphasized close reading, particularly poetry, to discover how a work of literature functioned as a self-contained, self-referential aesthetic object. neglect its aesthetic qualities in favour of teaching about external factors. On the other They concentrate on the formal aspects of a text and the way of working of each small entity in the text.
Every word, every element, every component, and every image remains as a special sign which has contribution and donation to the unified theme. Details are called symbolic, allegorical or figurative depicting of unified theme or idea, because details are small relevent parts of central subject-matter. the New Criticism treated literary texts as autonomous and divorced from historical context, and that its practitioners were “uninterested in the human meaning, the social function and effect of literature. Why I choose this theory, because I think new criticism is theory clarify to analyse literary works. So, this paper will be discussion about the similarities and the differences between ‘alone’ by Edgar Allan Poe and ‘sendiri’ by M.Boniex Norwega.
Convetional poetry, what some might call traditional poetry demonstrates a departure from these characteristics that define a traditional poem mean that the poet has the employs a rhythm, rhyme,scheme and the number for stanza. Like in the poem Alone by Edgar Allan Poe,they have same number every stanza. Free verse poetry often called “Non-traditional poetry” is poetry which does not require meter or a rhyme scheme. They breaks away from one of more these traditions. But, they have there own convention. Besides the same -meaning- tittle, both of the poet also have the same theme, aloneness, like meaning both of the poet.
Imagery means to use figurative language to represent objects, actions, and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses.The imagery of Alone by Edgar Allan Poe more than poem Sendiri by M.Boniex Norwega.
Symbol is represent or stand for something other than the image itself. In thePoem Alone have symbol “Blue” it may represented the sadness, while in poem Sendiri there’s no symbol.
Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. In the Poem Alone and Sendiri have some part of figuratie language, like:
Simile is a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid,itcan prove it in Poem Alone line 3 “As others were; I have not seen”, line 4 “As others saw; I could not bring” and line 18 “As it passed me flying by”.
Oxymoron is a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction. It can see in Poem Alone line 11 ” From every depth of good and ill”. Good and ill is ontradictory word thats are in one sentence.
Repetition is the simple repeating of a word, within a short space of words, with no particular line 8 “And all I loved, I loved alone”. While in poem Sendiri, in the last line “Tak pernah beranjak, tak pernah beranjak”.
Personification A figure of speech by which animals, abstract ideas, or inanimate things are referred. In line 12 “The mystery which binds me still:”, line 15 “From the sun that round me rolled”, line 16 “In its autumn tint of gold.” And the last is line 20 “In its autumn tint of gold.” Have personification meaning. While in poem Sendiri, are in Line 6 “Adakah tawa telah menjawab?”, line 10 “Membawa pesan di kedua tangannya”, and line 11 “Mengajak berlari, menyusuri, jauh ke tempat terindah”.
Refrain is is the line or lines that are repeated. In sendiri only two line that repeated, is line 7 “Sendiri menuju sunyi” and line 8 “Hingga yang tersisa hanya aku dan bahagia” that repeat in line 13 and 14.
From poem “Alone” by Edgar Allan Poe and “Sendiri” by M. Boniex Nurwega conclude that literary work have many similarities, the poems are still two different literary works. both of them have different characteristics such as in the figurative languages and some elements of poem.The similarities that occur in them may be formed due to the similarity of geographical conditions, the development of society and the existence of major events and the similarity of mind between the author one and other authors in response to experiences of the same. “Alone” by Edgar Allan Poe using more in figuratively and imagery , its beautiful diction in the poem and “Sendiri” by M. Boniex Nurwega plays in diction so its more easier to understand by the readers.
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