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Essays on Colonization

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Decolonization and Influence of the Cold War

The decades following World War II were all centered on the concept of decolonization, the dismantlement of Imperial empires established prior to World War I throughout Africa and Asia. Due to the aftermath of World War II, countries around the world experienced massive independent movements whose objective was to eliminate colonization and form new independent nations. The process of decolonization was separated by three different approaches: civil war, negotiated independence through foreign pressure, and violent incomplete decolonization. China, for example,…...

Decolonization and Revolution

From 1945 and beyond, leaders have selected different paths to affect change. Some encouraged independence through violence, peaceful actions, diplomacy, and the commitment of their struggling nation. Others sparked revolutions by appealing to the peoples’ needs. Through policy, and sometimes uniting a people, trailblazers changed the face and structure of their nation. A column from a journalist during the time period would help to see a broader perspective during such varying and exciting time. Decolonization, revolution, and nation building are…...

European Colonization During The Scramble for Africa

In the time between 1886 and 1914, there were events called European “scramble for Africa”. They were called “scramble for Africa” because there were a lot of European countries who colonized African countries and tried to seize lands in Africa. Soon, the European countries completely established themselves on the land of Africa making it open to Western exploration. As a result European countries colonized all Africa except Ethiopia and Liberia. Britain, France and Portugal were the main colonial powers in…...

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Settling the Northern Colonies Vocabulary

1. John Calvin: 1. Protestant leader 2. Created dominant religion of American settlers 3. Wrote theories in Institutes of the Christian Religion 2. Anne Hutchinson: 1. Lived in Massachusetts Bay Colony 2. Promoted antinomianism 3. Banished and forced to walk and settle on Rhode Island 3. Roger Williams: 1. Wanted to break from the Church of England 2. Though Massachusetts Bay Colony was unfair to the Indians; banished 3. Built Baptist Church in Rhode Island; complete freedom of religion and…...

Massachusetts and Virginia Colonies

Massachusetts and Virginia were two of the early colonies in the new world. Although these two colonies originated from the same place they are very different. Virginia needed slaves for labor while the citizens of Massachusetts worked in production and had less slaves or indentured servants. Virginia traded cash crops such as tobacco and the colonists in Massachusetts build ships and traded fur among other things. While Massachusetts and Virginia were both British colonies, they differed greatly, from what they…...

Compare and Contrast Spanish and British Colonization Efforts in North America Prior to 1763.

Spanish and English colonization efforts were very different with the English methods being more successful and profitable. Goals of Spanish Settlers Spanish colonization of the Americas began in 1492 when Christopher Columbus found the Americas and mistook them for India. Spanish Conquistadors came with the goals of “God, Gold, and Glory” and started seeking gold and riches. The Spanish also came with instructions to convert the natives to Catholicism. They invested in short term ventures that while initially very profitable…...

Spanish colonizators

Focus Questions 1.What religious turmoil in the Old World resulted in the little colony of Plymouth in the New World? 2.Why was the initial and subsequent colonization of the Massachusetts Bay Colony more successful than Plymouth? 3.How did the colony of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay Colony contribute to the origins of American independence and government? What were the contributions to American independence and government from the New England Confederation, the Dominion of New England, and the Glorious Revolution? 4.What role…...

European Colonization of Africa

The European colonization of Africa during the 17th through 20th centuries had many positive and negative impacts on world nations and cultures; some lasting to present day. The “Scramble” or “Race” for Africa resulted from the process of invasion, occupation, and colonization of the African continent by European countries looking to expand their world influence and increase their fortunes (en.wikipedia.org, 2012). Europe’s exploration and settlement of Africa was originally limited to the coast. The African interior was much harder to…...

English VS. Spanish Colonization

Although the English and Spanish both sought to cruise across the Atlantic and check out to conquer the New World for their own distinct reasons, the conditions and experiences they dealt with varied greatly. Spain declared to have actually dominated the New World initially with the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492, while the English declared to have actually done so with the establishment of Jamestown in 1607. Spain and England both colonized the Americas and looked for to stay…...

Colonization During The Scramble For Africa

After the Berlin conference, European powers occupied and colonized areas in Africa, in order to gain resources. But many Africans weren't too happy with the idea of the Europeans coming in and controlling them. During the scramble of Africa, the actions and reactions of Africans was that some surrendered their territory and control over to the Europeans, while others rebelled against them. Others tried to appeal through religion and believed culture would give them an upper hand. One of the…...

Differences between Colonial Regions

Introduction The New England, Middle and Southern colonies were the part of the New World which used to belong to the British. Although the colonies all had good things, all of the regions had things that didn´t help them grow as a region. Some colonies had rocky soil for example. Having a good climate and a good topography is part of agriculture, having materials to work is part of manufacturing. Industry Each of the three regions had different types of…...

Northern Colonies vs. Southern Colonies

From the first settlement founded in the 1600’s, the British colonies were a varied mix of communities that grew to distinct civilizations in the 17th and 18th centuries. Queen Elizabeth helped drive the colonization of Jamestown in 1607 and ultimately the creation of other Southern colonies to help Britain's economy flourish. In contrast, James I, Elizabeth’s successor, spurred the settlement of the Northern colonies for religious reasons when he “vowed to purge England of all radical Protestant reformers” (Davidson, et…...

Analysis of Colonization in Destruction of the Indies

Bartolomé de las Casas was a Spanish historian and a social reformer who was writing in the 16th century, during the time of the Spanish occupation of the Indies. In A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies, Casas provides a scathing commentary on the cruelty exercised by the Spanish colonizers on the natives of Hispaniola—as well as explain the aims that motivated this behavior. The account acts as not only an observation on the practices of the colonizers,…...

Colonization of America by Bradford and Winthrop

William Bradford (1590-1657) William Bradford was one of the leaders of colonial America. Bradford arrived at Cape Cod on November 11, 1620, on the flagship Mayflower. He was one of the authors of The Mayflower Compact. His greatest contribution to early writing is his History of Plymouth Plantation, 1620-1647. Bradford and Winthrop both demonstrate an exegetical habit of mind. In their different ways, both Bradford and Winthrop and Bradford demonstrate that the Puritans see themselves creating a new center in…...

Colonization of Uganda and Present Day Issues

Colonisation can be understood as the policy of acquiring or settling in a new country but remaining under the rule of home land or home country. As far as the question is concerned, this study is going to address the settlement of the British in Uganda, acquiring it as a colony but remaining under rule of Britain. This will further address the issue such as the reasons to why the British colonised Uganda, the measures they used to administer colonisation…...

Mongo Beti's Narrative in 'The Poor Christ of Bomba'

Postcolonialism is a term that ranges from artistic actions, political theories, cultural theories, and social ideologies which have created a new genre of African writers in the mid to late twentieth century that theorize this term. The fallout, drawbacks, and social emergences that have come out of colonialism appear to have taken the definition of postcolonialism up to a certain point because according to some theorists of postcolonialism, the definition still remains subjective. At this point, what remains is still…...

Effects of Europe's Colonization of Africa

Imperialism is the political, economic, and social control by one country over another country. In the 1800's, many European countries began their imperialism of most of Africa. But when the Europeans were finally forced out, the government, economy, and social life were in ruins because a lack of concern by the Europeans, and their hasty decisions. The Europeans ignored the social effects on the African people completely. When the new "borders" of Africa were drawn at the Berlin Conference, of…...

Colonization and Negative Effects of Imperialism in Nigeria

Nigeria is a country with abundant resources and the potential to be a very powerful nation, but it is hampered by many problems. These problems are caused by Nigeria's colonization by England. Because of this intrusion on their way of life, their future was altered dramatically. The nation of Nigeria as a whole has suffered greatly as a country because of this colonization, its problem is rooted in the way it was colonized and ruled. The background of the situation…...

Comparing Massachusetts bay and Virginia colonies

At the start of the 17th century King James 1 became king and he began to look toward the new world as a place were England could make a profitable settlement , as New Spain was for the Spaniards. This was the start of colonization in the new world for England. Following this, many colonies began to develop, and of these colonies, Massachusetts and Virginia were the most well-known. The early settlements of the Massachusetts and Virginia were both established…...

Dutch Decolonization of Indonesia

Indonesia is a country in south East Asia that consists of more than 13,600 islands. The islands lie along the equator, and extend more than 5,000 kilometers. Indonesia was founded on August 17, 1945 under the name, the Republic of Indonesia and before 1945 it was ruled by the Dutch. But even a half a million years before the Dutch even set foot in Indonesia soil prehistoric humans began to settle the land. Not until sixty thousand years ago though…...

Colonialism affected Kenya

Background: For almost 400 years the countries of Europe controlled as much of the earth as they could. By 1914 they controlled 85% of the earth surface. At the Berlin conference the Europeans drew up the map of African without giving any Africans a voice. Stating the question with key terms defined: Colonialism occurs when one country controls another country. How did Colonialism affect Kenya? Thesis and roadmap: Colonialism had a negative/positive (you must choose one or the other) affect…...

Effects Of Colonization

Colonization of the Americas by European countries was a significant historical event that began in the 15th century. Beginning with Portugal's ventures into overseas exploration, the phenomenon soon infected different European nations, with Spain and Portugal divvying up the South American continent. Discoveries in the new world led to financial development in Europe. On the other hand, introduction of European ideas led to an overhaul of the Native American economy. The introduction of the Christian faith likewise impacted the natives…...

The Causes and Consequences of the Atlantic Slave Trade

The Atlantic slave trade was present between the seventieth and ninetieth century and mainly involved Africans being sold to European slave owners who shipped them over the Atlantic to America and the Caribbean, to work in plantations principally sugar, tobacco, coffee and cotton. The Atlantic slave trade affected more than twelve million African slaves and has left a huge imprint on today’s society. There were several major causes for the Atlantic slave trade, such as high demand for cheap labour,…...

Purpose of Colonization and Colonial Modernity

Colonization is the process through which one nation asserts its sovereignty over another for the following reasons. This process is both a mental and physical process that affects both the colonizer and the colonized. The first reason mentioned here for a nation to pursue a policy of colonialism is economic incentive. The imperial state could require more resources to continue its growth. Military incentives are another reason for nations to establish a colony as was observed during the peak of…...

Colonization and Cultural Identity of The Caribbean

The Caribbean can be many things to many people: a geographic region somewhere in America’s backyard, an English-speaking outpost of the British Empire, an exciting holiday destination for North Americans and Europeans, a place where dirty money is easily laundered, and even an undefined, exotic area that contains the dreaded Bermuda Triangle, the mythical lost city of El Dorado, the fabled Fountain of Youth and the island home of Robinson Crusoe. Enriched by the process of creolization, the cosmopolitanism of…...

Education in the Philippines in Period of Colonization

During the period of colonization by the United States, Education in the Philippines changed radically, modeled on the system of Education in the United States of the time. After theSecond World War, changes in the US system were no longer automatically reflected in the Philippines, which has since moved in various directions of its own. Filipino children may enter public school at about age four, starting from Nursery up to Kindergarten. At about seven years of age, children enter elementary…...

The Original 13 Colonies

All the original thirteen colonies of England were the American states that are Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia. However, despite them sharing common problem, they had several differences that were their key hindrances to attaining their sovereignty. Differences among the colonies Mentioned below are among the variations the colonies had; Ethnicity-different ethnic groups lived in the colonies for example in New York where we had; Native…...

Colonization by The Miguel Lopez de Legaspi Expedition

The Miguel Lopez de Legazpi Expedition – the only expedition that was successful in colonizing the Philippines. After the unsuccessful expedition of villalobos, King Charles I decided to stop sending colonizers to the Philippines. When his son, King Philip II tool over, he continued the expeditions. Philip sent Miguel Lopez de Legazpi and fray Andres de Urdaneta. Urdaneta survived the de Loaisa expedition. On February 13, 1565, Legaspi’s expedition landed in Cebu island. After a short struggle with the natives,…...

The Spanish Colonization in the Philippines

The Philippines was very lucky because our country was rich in natural resources. And that is the reason why many foreign countries had colonized our country. Spain is one of the foreign countries that colonized our country for more than three hundred years. They are the reason why Filipinos experienced suffered, hardship, persecution etc. during their colonization. But the Spanish had also contributes good things in our country specially to us Filipinos. The Spanish colonization in the Philippines lead to…...

Colonization If I Were to Plan Jamestown

If I would have planned the Jamestown colony to ensure a good and prosperous start I would have done a couple of things. I would have sent a couple different kinds of people. Also i would have sent them with certain supplies. First they would have to find the location to settle in. They would start a government. Then they would grow. First of all i would have picked people to send out to start the colony. The first kind…...

Analysis of Colonization in The Grass Is Singing

The Grass Is Singing, first published in 1950, was an international success. The story focuses on Mary Turner, the wife of a farmer, who is found murdered on the porch of her home. After her body is found, we are taken back to her younger days and slowly discover what happened to her. The background, location of this story is set in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in South Africa which has been drawn from Doris Lessing’s own childhood spent there.…...

Spanish, French, and English Colonization in America

There’s a few explorers, a few countries, and a whole lot of effort that got America started many years ago. From tribes of buffalo hunters, to civil wars, to a world of technology here today, America has gone through many stages, many battles, and many different leaders. At the end of the day the most important years have been the age of colonization in America. If it weren’t for Columbus to Ponce de Leon, we wouldn’t be where we are…...

African Resistance to Colonization

Industrialization stirred ambition in many European nations they wanted more resources to fuel their industrial production. They compete for new market for their goods .they looked to Africa as a source of the raw material and as well as market for their goods. However European had earlier establish contact with Africa as early as the 1450s, they actually controlled very little land. Powerful African armies were able to keep the European out of most of Africa for four centuries.it was…...

Triangular Slave Trade

Triangular trade, or triangle trade, is a historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions. Triangular trade usually evolves when a region has export commodities that are not required in the region from which its major imports come. Triangular trade thus provides a method for rectifying trade imbalances between these regions. Atlantic triangular slave trade illustrating the stowage of African slaves on a British slave ship. Depiction of the Triangular Trade of slaves, sugar, and rum with New England…...

Colonization of Brazil

In 1549, the Captaincy Colonies of Brazil were united into the Governorate General of Brazil, where they were provincial captaincies of Brazil; Luís Teixeira, 1574. Main article: Colonial Brazil Explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral landed on April 22, 1500 in what is today Porto Seguro, Brazil. Permanent habitation did not begin until São Vicente was founded in 1532, although temporary trading posts were established earlier to collect brazilwood, used as a dye. From 1534 to 1536, 15 Captaincy colonies were created…...

Joseph Conrad was 'a bloody racist

This is the quote - 'The conquest of the earth, which mostly means taking it away from those who have a different complexion or slightly flatter noses than ourselves, is not a pretty thing when you look into it too much' This, I believe effectively tars colonialism and conquest with the same brush as he is describing colonialism while saying conquest. I feel he is saying that the two are indestinguishable and that anybody who can define them is stuck…...

Decolonization and independence, Government

South Africa's Population Registration Act of 1950 created a race-based classification system. During the colonial era, South African society became divided based on race. Which list correctly orders events in the rise and fall of apartheid in South Africa? C i. The Population Registration Act was signed. ii. The Soweto Uprising sparked more protests. iii. Frederik W. de Klerk brought about reforms. iv. Nelson Mandela became the nation's president. The African National Congress was founded to unite non-white South Africans…...

Europeans in Jamaica

When did they come? Jamaica was first colonized by a native group of South American origin who, in the early history of Jamaica, called their home a paradise of wood and water. The Arawak were there to greet Christopher Columbus when he arrived in Jamaica in 1494, beginning a long period of European colonization there. The history of Jamaica as a European outpost saw the island under Spanish rule for 150 years, during which the city now known as Spanish…...

European Colonization and African American Development

Through tactics of indirect and direct control performed by the Europeans, land was seized in the midst of turmoil between the opposing parties as imperialism was established in the continent of profitable resources. As a significant and major impairment in the development of African society, colonialism served as a subversive awakening that introduced selfish motives though the captivity of others. By implying acts of capitalism for substantial financial growth and territorial acquisition, nation building was attempted by the Europeans, but…...

European balance

Analyze attitudes toward and evaluate the motivations behind the European acquisition of African colonies in the period 1880 to 1914. During the late 1800’s, Europe had a steady decline rate of available work, so Europe, as a whole, was looking for a way to improve overall. Many European countries look towards Africa to create new colonies for Europeans to better their own country. European’s attitudes towards Africa was Europeans were a superior race in comparison to Africans. Motivation was acquired…...

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